Politics of Emilia-Romagna
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politics and government of
The Politics of Emilia-Romagna, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President, the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 12, including a Vice President and one Under-Secretary for in President's office.
|#||President||Term of office||Party||Legislature|
|1||Guido Fanti||28 July 1970||22 July 1975||Italian Communist Party||Legislature I (1970–1975)|
|Guido Fanti||22 July 1975||21 May 1976||Italian Communist Party||Legislature II (1975–1980)|
|2||Sergio Cavina||21 May 1976||22 December 1977||Italian Communist Party|
|3||Lanfranco Turci||22 December 1977||25 July 1980||Italian Communist Party|
|Lanfranco Turci||25 July 1980||16 July 1985||Italian Communist Party||Legislature III (1980–1985)|
|Lanfranco Turci||16 July 1985||28 April 1987||Italian Communist Party||Legislature IV (1985–1990)|
|4||Luciano Guerzoni||28 April 1987||24 June 1990||Italian Communist Party|
|5||Enrico Boselli||24 June 1990||5 July 1993||Italian Socialist Party||Legislature V (1990–1995)|
|6||Pier Luigi Bersani||5 July 1993||9 June 1995||Democratic Party of the Left|
|Pier Luigi Bersani||9 June 1995||28 May 1996||Democratic Party of the Left||Legislature VI (1995–2000)|
|7||Antonio La Forgia||5 June 1996||22 February 1999||Democratic Party of the Left|
|8||Vasco Errani||3 March 1999||16 April 2000||Democratic Party|
|Vasco Errani||16 April 2000||5 April 2005||Democratic Party||Legislature VII (2000–2005)|
|Vasco Errani||5 April 2005||29 March 2010||Democratic Party||Legislature VIII (2005–2010)|
|Vasco Errani||29 March 2010||8 July 2015||Democratic Party||Legislature IX (2010–2014)|
|9||Stefano Bonaccini||24 November 2014||present||Democratic Party||Legislature X (2014–present)|
The Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna (Assemblea Legislativa dell'Emilia-Romagna) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
Parties and elections
Latest regional election
In the latest regional election, which took place on 23 November 2014, Stefano Bonaccini (Democratic Party) was elected President of Emilia-Romagna. The election marked the first time in which a President was elected with less than 50% of the vote.
|Candidates & parties||Votes||%||Seats
|Left Ecology Freedom||38,845||3.23||→||2|
|Civic Emilia-Romagna (PSI–Greens)||17,984||1.49||→||–|
|Centre for Bonaccini–Demo.S (incl. IdV)||5,247||0.43||→||–|
|Lega Nord Emilia–Romagna||233,439||19.42||→||8|
|Brothers of Italy||23,052||1.91||→||1|
|Five Star Movement||159,456||13.26||→||5|
|Maria Cristina Quintavalla||50,211||4.00||–||1|
|The Other Emilia-Romagna (PRC–PdCI)||44,676||3.71||→||1|
|Free Citizens for Emilia-Romagna||11,864||0.98||→||–|