Porac, Pampanga

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Porac
Municipality
Porac road-sign.jpg
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Porac
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Porac
Porac is located in Philippines
Porac
Porac
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°4′19″N 120°32′31″E / 15.07194°N 120.54194°E / 15.07194; 120.54194Coordinates: 15°4′19″N 120°32′31″E / 15.07194°N 120.54194°E / 15.07194; 120.54194
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 2nd District
Founded 1594
Barangays 29
Government[1]
 • Mayor Condralito "Carling" Balatbat Dela Cruz
Area[2]
 • Total 314.00 km2 (121.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 111,441
 • Density 350/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2008
Dialing code 45
Income class 1st class
Website www.poracpampanga.gov.ph/com

Porac is a first class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines, 26 kilometres (16 mi) west from the provincial capital San Fernando. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 111,441 people.[3]

With an area of 31,400 hectares (78,000 acres), Porac is the largest town in Pampanga. The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) traverses this town, the exit of which is located in Barangay Manuali. Notable residents include former governor and Senator Lito Lapid, and former governor Mark Lapid. Porac was among the largest municipalities in the archipelago before it was divided into separate municipalities. A portion of Mount Pinatubo is in the municipality.

History[edit]

Porac was founded on October 31, 1594, upon acceptance by Fray Mateo Peralta in the Friar's Intermediate Chapter (recorded by Fray Gaspar de San Agustin, by saying Porac has its First Minister and Friar, Fray Mateo de Mendoza. The Mexican Expeditionary Air Force were given a base around Porac to help liberate the country from the Japanese Empire in World War II. (Marker: October 31, 2008, 412th Anniversary of Porac).[4]

Geography[edit]

Porac has a hilly to mountainous terrain in the majority of its plains. Most rivers, if not all, are heavily silted by mudflow due to the eruption of Mount Pinatubo and succeeding lahar flows. Tourist spots include Darabulbul Falls (nicknamed Dara Falls) in Jalung, Miyamit Falls in Sapang Uwak, and the hot springs of Sitio Puning, accessed through Sapang Bato in Angeles City. Babo Pangulo offers a view of Porac and Mount Negron.

Barangays[edit]

Porac is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.[2]

  • Babo Pangulo
  • Babo Sacan (Guanson)
  • Balubad
  • Calzadang Bayu
  • Camias
  • Cangatba
  • Diaz
  • Dolores (Hacienda Dolores)
  • Inararo (Aetas)
  • Jalung
  • Mancatian
  • Manibaug Libutad
  • Manibaug Paralaya
  • Manibaug Pasig
  • Manuali
  • Mitla Proper
  • Palat
  • Pias
  • Pio
  • Planas
  • Poblacion
  • Pulung Santol
  • Salu
  • San Jose Mitla
  • Santa Cruz
  • Sapang Uwak (Aetas)
  • Sepung Bulaun (Baidbid)
  • Siñura (Seniora)
  • Villa Maria (Aetas)

Climate[edit]

The town of Porac has two distinct climates, rainy and dry. The rainy or wet season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and April, while the coolest period is from December through February.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Porac
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 68,215 —    
1995 75,408 +1.90%
2000 80,757 +1.48%
2007 102,962 +3.41%
2010 111,441 +2.92%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][5]

Local government[edit]

Town hall

The municipal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captains for the barangays. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

Economy[edit]

Porac is an important source of granite and a tamping ground of minerals.[6]

Porac is home to the Mekeni Food Corporation, an "AAA" Meat Processing Plant accredited with the National Meat Inspection Service (NMIS). Being classified under the "AAA" category, it is qualified to market its products, not just in the local, but in the international market as well. This means that it is compliant to all government regulatory requirements to assure food quality and safety in its operations (Sun Star, 2006).

In 2014, Ayala Land embarked on developing a mixed-used township in Porac known as Alviera. The development project combines business, residential, recreational, leisure, and institutional. The local government dubbed Alviera as the regional growth center of Central Luzon.[1] Now, it is a premiere tourist destination in the north.[7]

Façade of Santa Catalina de Alexandria Parish Church

Spanish-era Roman Catholic churches[edit]

Since the founding of the town of Porac in 1867,[8] various Roman Catholic structures have been built in the area to aid in the religious practices of the devout Kapampangans. As of writing, three notable Spanish-era religious structures are extant within the municipality. The largest of the three, the Santa Catalina de Alejandria Church is located at Barangay Poblacion and still functions as one of Porac’s main parochial structures. The other two are currently utilized as barangay chapels.

Santa Catalina de Alejandria Church[edit]

The Santa Catalina de Alejandria parish church is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando. Its original structure, built in 1872, is largely intact but slight revisions have been made to the inside. It underwent restoration in the 1980s. The church is 52 metres (171 ft) long, 12 metres (39 ft) wide and 9 metres (30 ft) high.[9]

Pio Chapel[edit]

The 1861 Pio Chapel is a circular chapel built by Don Felino Gil, founder of the Escuela de Artes y Oficios (now the Don Hororio Ventura Technical State University).[10]

Hacienda Dolores Chapel[edit]

Another vintage chapel is located at Barangay Dolores, north of the Porac town proper. The Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel was said to be built by the Dolores family within the old Hacienda Dolores in 1856.[11] The chapel, like the Pio chapel, is currently utilized as a community chapel. The chapel boasts of a slender octagonal belfry and Doric columns adorning the two-level façade. Notable features of the chapel are finials found on both levels of the façade.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  4. ^ http://municipalityofporac.com/hop.html
  5. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Porac". electronic Kabalen. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Ladaw, D. "Risen from the ashes", Inquirer, 2014
  8. ^ "History of Porac, Pampanga". www.poracpampanga.gov.ph. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  9. ^ http://pampanga.islandsphilippines.com/natural.php
  10. ^ Henares, Ivan. "Pampanga: Pio Chapel and the ethics of transferring heritage structures". www.ivanhenares.com. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Dolores chapel". www.flickr.com. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 

External links[edit]