Port of Camden
|Port of Camden|
Walt Whitman Bridge crossing the Delaware with port facilities of Camden-Gloucester at right and Philadelphia at left
|Location||Camden–Gloucester City, New Jersey|
|Draft depth||45 feet|
|Air draft||150 feet|
The Port of Camden is situated on east bank of the Delaware River in Camden and Gloucester City in southern New Jersey in the United States. It is one of several ports in the Delaware Valley metro area port complex and is located near the mouth of Newtown Creek opposite the Port of Philadelphia. The port is one the nation's largest for wood products, steel, cocoa and perishable fruit.
Shipping channel, air draft, port of entry
The port is approximately 102 miles (164 km) from the Atlantic Ocean at the entrance to the Delaware Bay. After 1942, the Delaware River Main Channel was maintained at a depth of 40 feet (12 m). In a project completed in 2017, the federal navigation shipping channel from Camden/Philadelphia was deepened to 45 feet (14 m). Local pilotage is generally required for larger commercial vessels.
It is a port of entry in United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) District 21, which covers New Jersey.
The Delaware River port complex refers to the ports and energy facilities along the river in the tri-state PA-NJ-DE Delaware Valley region. They include the Port of Salem, the Port of Wilmington, the Port of Chester, the Port of Paulsboro, the Port of Philadelphia and the Port of Camden. Combined they create one of the largest shipping areas of the United States. In 2016, 2,427 ships arrived at Delaware River port facilities: Fruit ships were counted at 577, petroleum at 474, and containerized cargo at 431.
Historical shipbuilding and ferries
New York Shipbuilding and Dialogue & Company were both located in the port. Much of the current port operations are located on what were once shipyards. The United States lightship Barnegat (LV-79), built in the city, is located in Cooper Point, and is considered threatened.
Ferry service between Camden and Philadelphia existed for 264 years. The first commercial crossing of the Delaware was first established in 1688; the last ferry to depart the city was in 1952. The seasonal RiverLink Ferry was established in 1999.
Operations and facilities
The semi-public South Jersey Port Corporation (SJPC) oversees a number of facilities, for which the Delaware River Stevedores handle much of the traffic. Additionally there are other privately run facilities in the port, including those of Holt Logistics, Holtech Interntional, Mafco, EMR/Camden Iron and Steel and Camden Yards Steel. The Camden County MUA maintains a large treatment plant on the waterfront.
- Balzano Terminal (formerly the Beckett Street Terminal) is a 125-acre (51 ha) bulk and break bulk cargo complex that handles wood products, steel products, cocoa beans, containers, iron ore, furnace slag, scrap metal and containerized cargo
- Broadway Terminal is a 180-acre (73 ha) complex that handles petroleum coke, furnace slag, dolomite, other dry bulk items, steel products, wood products, minerals, cocoa beans, fresh fruit as well as containerized cargo.
Holt Logistics and Holtec
Holt Logistics operates terminals in the port
- Pier 5 Broadway Produce Terminal 28 Acres (11.3 ha) with a three reefer-building complex that handles bananas, pineapples, and other perishables
- Gloucester Marine Terminal is a 150-acre (61 ha) site which features the largest refrigerated capacity of any terminal in the United States and the largest rooftop photovoltaic installations in the USA It has four deep water berths and 12 dry/heated warehouses with more than 1,000,000 square feet of space and 13 reefer/frozen warehouses with 15 million cubic feet of space. Del Monte has been a presence in the port since 1989 and since 2010 a Gloucester.
- Holtec International operates it corporate offices from new facilities from a 600,000-square-foot facility at the Broadway Terminal. In July 2014, the New Jersey Economic Development Authority awarded the company a $260 million tax incentive to expand operations.
Delaware River Port Authority operates bridges in the port. The Walt Whitman Bridge crosses the Delaware River at the port as Interstate 76 (I-76), which interchanges with Interstate 295. The Benjamin Franklin Bridge (U.S. Route 30 is the north side of Camden.
Rail service to some parts of the port is within Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area. The port is located south of Pavonia Yard and the Delair Bridge, the most downstream railroad bridge crossing the Delaware at Pennsuaken. The Vineland Secondary has a spur running along the port. Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation are accessible through Conrail switching operations.
Tourism and recreation
The Central Waterfront, with Wiggins Marina, lies upstream of the maritime and industrial facilities in the port. The USS New Jersey (BB-62) is berthed between the two districts. The BB&T Pavilion, Wiggins Park, and the Adventure Aquarium are located nearby.
Bergen Square and Waterfront South are two districts located to the east of the port. There has been some conflict with combining residential needs with port needs. The Camden Shipyard & Maritime Museum  Phoneix Park was developed in 2015 allowing for waterfront access for recreation in the midst of the maritime facilities.
- Petty Island
- List of ports in the United States
- Pureland Industrial Complex is located 12 miles south of the port
- Port of Wilmington (Delaware), a component of the Delaware Valley port system
- Port of Chester, a component of the Delaware Valley port system
- Ships built in Camden, New Jersey
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