Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland

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For other Swedish Princes with the name Carl, see Prince Carl of Sweden (disambiguation).
Prince Carl
Duke of Västergötland
Carl of Sweden (1861) 1929.jpg
Spouse Princess Ingeborg of Denmark
Issue Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
Astrid, Queen of the Belgians
Prince Carl Bernadotte
Full name
Oscar Carl Wilhelm
House House of Bernadotte
Father Oscar II of Sweden
Mother Sophia of Nassau
Born (1861-02-27)27 February 1861
Palace of the Hereditary Prince, Stockholm, Sweden
Died 24 October 1951(1951-10-24) (aged 90)
Hovslagaregatan, Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Bernadotte coa.svg
Charles XIV John
Oscar I
Oscar I
Charles XV
Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland
Oscar II
Princess Eugenie
Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
Prince Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
Gustaf V
Prince Oscar, Duke of Gotland
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Prince Eugen, Duke of Närke
Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark
Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
Astrid, Queen of Belgium
Prince Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
Gustaf VI Adolf
Prince Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
Prince Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Prince Lennart, Duke of Småland
Gustaf VI Adolf
Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
Prince Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland
Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler
Birgitta, Princess Johann Georg of Hohenzollern
Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld
Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson
Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland
Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland

Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland (Stockholm, 27 February 1861 – Stockholm, 24 October 1951), was the third son of King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway and Sophia of Nassau. He was known as "the Blue Prince" (Blå Prinsen) because of the colour of the uniform of the Life Regiment.[1]



In May 1897, Prince Carl was engaged to Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. They married on 27 August 1897 at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen and spent their wedding trip in Germany. Princess Ingeborg was the second daughter of King Frederick VIII of Denmark and Louise of Sweden.

They had four children:

  1. Princess Margaretha of Sweden (1899–1977).
  2. Princess Märtha of Sweden, later Crown Princess of Norway (1901–1954).
  3. Princess Astrid of Sweden, later Queen of the Belgians (1905–1935).
  4. Prince Carl Bernadotte, known as Carl Jr., later Prince Bernadotte, a Belgian title (1911–2003).

In 1947, on the occasion of their wedding anniversary, Carl admitted that their marriage had been completely arranged by their respective fathers, and Ingeborg herself added : "I married a complete stranger!".

Candidate to the Norwegian throne[edit]

Prince Carl was once considered a candidate to the Norwegian crown during Norway's fight for independence from Sweden in 1905. To elect a prince from Sweden was considered to be a less radical way out of the union, and hence a more peaceful approach. However, King Oscar II of Sweden never approved on this, as he saw the whole "riot" as a betrayal against his rights as King of Norway. Hence, Prince Carl never became King of Norway in 1905. Instead, a Danish prince, Haakon VII, was elected after some diplomatic turbulence. As history turned out however, Prince Carl's daughter, Princess Märtha, married Haakon VII's son, the later King Olav V. The present King Harald V of Norway is hence a grandchild of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland.

In 1904 Prince Carl was appointed a Knight of the Norwegian Lion by Oscar II.


Prince Carl has the distinction of being the grandfather of three reigning European monarchs: King Harald V of Norway (son of his daughter, Princess Märtha), the late King Baudouin of the Belgians and his brother, King Albert II of the Belgians (sons of his daughter, Princess Astrid of Sweden). He is also the great-grandfather of King Philippe of the Belgians and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg.


Coat of arms of Prince of Sweden duke of Vastergotland.svg
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland 1861 to 1905
Coat of arms of Prince Carl of Sweden (1907).svg
Arms as Prince of Sweden and Duke of Västergötland after 1907


16. Jean Henri Bernadotte
8. Charles XIV John of Sweden
17. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
4. Oscar I of Sweden
18. François Clary
9. Désirée Clary
19. Françoise Rose Somis
2. Oscar II of Sweden
20. Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais
10. Eugène de Beauharnais
21. Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie
5. Josephine of Leuchtenberg
22. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
11. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
23. Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
1. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
24. Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg
12. Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
25. Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
6. William, Duke of Nassau
26. Wilhelm Georg, Burgrave of Kirchberg
13. Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg
27. Princess Isabella Auguste of Reuss
3. Sofia of Nassau
28. Frederick I of Württemberg
14. Prince Paul of Württemberg
29. Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
7. Princess Pauline of Württemberg
30. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
15. Princess Katharina Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen
31. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz


  • Bomann-Larsen, Tor: Folket - Haakon & Maud II (2004; in Norwegian)
Styles of
Prince Carl of Sweden
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Born: 27 February 1861 Died: 24 October 1951
Swedish royalty
New title Duke of Västergötland
1861 - 1951
Title next held by
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden