Pusa 1121 rice
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Pusa 1121 is an essentially derived variety evolved through the process of hybridization over a long breeding process. The variety of basmati rice was developed by Padma Shri, Vijay Pal Singh and his student Ashok Kumar Sarial. This variety of rice is known for its extraordinary kernel (grain) length, which can be as much as 8.2 millimetres (0.32 in) for a single grain, the longest-ever known released cultivar in the world. It has very high kernel elongation ratio ranging from 2 to 2.5, i.e. length of cooked rice kernel/length of uncooked kernel. When cooked, the rice does not turn sticky, possesses minimum breadth-wise expansion, and is aromatic with intermediate alkali-spreading value and amylose content.
It was developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and released for commercial cultivation in kharif season of 2003. By 2007, the variety has become widely popular with farmers, as Pusa-1121 is photo-insensitive, requires less water, matures early and yields 19–20 quintals of paddy per acre as compared to 9–10 quintals for traditional tall basmati.
As of 2013[update] Pusa Basamti 1121 had spread over 84% of the total basmati area in Punjab, 78% in Western Uttar Pradesh, 68% in Haryana, 30% in Uttrakhand, 8% in Jammu and Kashmisr and grown over a 1000-ha area in hill state of Himachal Pradesh. It is an important export commodity. Its export has enhanced India's annual basmati foreign exchange earning from Rs 5000 crores in 2009 to Rs 27597.87 crores in 2014–15 (Source: DGCIS Annual Export). Pusa 1121 has major share of ~70%.
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