Rasul Bux Palejo
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|Rasool Bux Palijo|
|رسول بخش پليجو|
|Palijo House, D-10 Prince town, Qasimabad, Hyderabad|
21 February 1930 |
Jungshahi, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan
|Political party||Qaumi Awami Tehreek|
|Spouse(s)||Sharifa Palijo, Zakia, Naseem Thebo, Zarina Baloch (1964–2005), Zahida Shaikh (2003–2018)|
|Relations||Sassui Palijo (niece)|
|Residence||Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan|
|Alma mater||Sindh Muslim Law College|
|Occupation||Politician, Lawyer, Writer, Scholar, Poet|
Rasool Bux Palijo (Urdu: رسول بخش پليجو) (born February 21, 1930) is a notable leftist, marxist leader, scholar and writer. He is a leading human-rights lawyer and the leader of Awami Tahreek. Palijo is the founder and chairman of Qomi Awami Tahreek (People's Movement), a progressive and leftist party.
Rasool Bux Palijo was born in the village Mungar Khan Palijo, Jungshahi, Thatta district, Sindh on February 21, 1930, to Ali Mohammad Palijo and Laadee Bai. He received his early education at his village and the secondary education at Sindh Madressatul Islam in Karachi. Palijo did his law graduation from Sindh Law College Karachi. At the age of 15, he had become fluent in Sindhi, Urdu, and English languages, and later became conversant in Hindi, Arabic, Balochi, Bengali, Siraiki, Punjabi and Persian.
A prolific writer and scholar, Palejo served as a Supreme Court lawyer. He is a former political prisoner, having been jailed under political charges for more than 11 years especially during the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD) in Pakistan. Most of his prisoner life, he was kept on Kot Lakhpat jail, Punjab during the 1980. He was declared as "Prisoner of Conscience" by Amnesty International in 1981.
Palijo has earned a place in the pantheon of leaders from South Asia who earned everlasting fame in the struggle against feudalism, martial laws, colonialism and imperialism. He was one of the leading founders of the Awami National Party, Sindh Mutahida Muhaz, Sindh Qomi Itehad, Bazm-e-Sofia-e Sindh, PONM, Sindhi Adabi Sangat, MRD, Anti One-Unit Movement and 4 March Movement. He has founded Awami Tahreek, Sindhi Haree Committee, Sindhiani Tahreek, Sindhi Shagird Tahreek, Sindhi Haree Tahreek, Pakistan Awami Jamhoori Itehad, Pakistan Awami Tahreek, Sindhi Mazdoor Tahreek, Sindh Intellectual Forum, Sindhi Awam Jo Qomi Itehad, Sindhi Girls Students Organization, Sujaag Bar Tahreek, Sindh Water Committee, 1940 Pakistan Resolution Implementation Committee Awami Jamhoori Tahreek and Anti Greater Thal Canal and Kalabagh Dam Action Committee.
He also launched Neelam Band Karyo and Voter Listoon Sindhi men Chapayo Tahreek. Palijo was one of the leading figures behind the Movement For Restoration of Democracy (MRD). He and his party Awami Tahreek played active role against illegal Army Operation in Bangladesh and Balochistan and in the Movement of Journalists against General Zia-ul-Haq and in Bhutto Bahcayo Tahreek. He is one of the outstanding speakers of Sub-continent, top Constitutional and Criminal Lawyers of Pakistan and the first Sindhi and South Asian Politician who launched and organized the movement against Kalabagh Dam, Violence in Educational Institutions, and against Urban Based Organized Terrorism. He has introduced a new non-violent trend of democratic struggles in Sindh by way of Long Marches. He is the author of more than 40 books on numerous subjects, ranging from literature to politics, prison dairies, culture and poetry etc. He became the first political prisoner who remained longest term in jail under political charges for more than 11 years and was declared as Prisoner of Conscience by Amnesty International in 1981.
He became well-versed in literature by reading Kant, Hegel, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Mao Zedong, Mohandas Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was an outspoken critic of the feudal system and bureaucrats.
- Jeay Sindh
- Ayaz Latif Palijo
- Bashir Qureshi
- Naveed Qamar
- Zarina Baloch
- Hyder Bux Jatoi
- Qomi Awami Tahreek
- Ali, Z. (23 February 2012). "Awami Tehreek's Rasool Bux Palijo turns 82". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Rasool Bakhsh Palejo". profilepk.com. 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Rasool Bux Palijo". Pakistan Times. 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20061210010302/http://www.thesindh.com/English/News/Show.asp?FID=643. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2007. Missing or empty