Regents of the University of California
Seal of the University of California
|Governing board overview|
|Formed||June 18, 1868|
|Type||State university system governing board|
|Jurisdiction||Government of California|
|Headquarters||Oakland, California, United States|
|Governing board executives|
The California Constitution grants broad institutional autonomy, with limited exceptions, to the Regents. According to article IX, section 9, "The University shall be entirely independent of all political or sectarian influence and kept free therefrom in the appointment of its regents and in the administration of its affairs."
As with almost all other public university systems nationwide, the board of regents is treated as the real party in interest for all purposes under California law. Legally speaking, the Regents are a California corporation, administering the university as a public trust under the California Constitution. All actions of the university are done in their name, all degrees are conferred in their name, all UC property is held in their name (and is marked by signs indicating "Property of the Regents of the University of California"), all bank accounts are held in their name (and all checks must be written as payable to "UC Regents"), and all lawsuits involving the University always refer specifically to the regents. This is notable because most corporations (especially private ones) are treated by the law as a legal entity separate from their boards and employees, and lawsuits against them are addressed to the corporation or university itself, not its board of directors or trustees.
Administrative support is provided to the Regents by the Office of the Secretary of the Regents of the University of California, which shares an office building with the UC Office of the President in Oakland.
In May 2017, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that the Regents had been hosting costly dinner parties using university funds. After extensive public outcry, university leaders released a statement saying the university would no longer fund these dinners.
The majority of the board (18 Regents) is appointed via nomination by the Governor of California and confirmation by the California State Senate to 12-year terms. One student Regent is appointed by the Board for a one-year term. The remaining 7 Regents are ex officio members. They are the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the State Assembly, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, president and vice president of the Alumni Associations of UC, and president of the University of California.
The Board also has two non-voting faculty representatives. The incoming student Regent serves as a non-voting Regent-designate from the date of selection (usually between July and October) until beginning their formal term the following July 1.
The vast majority of the Regents appointed by the Governor historically have consisted of lawyers, politicians and businessmen. Over the past two decades, it has been common that UC Regents appointees have donated relatively large sums of money either directly to the Governor's election campaigns or indirectly to party election groups.
Originally appointed by Gov. Gray Davis:
- Sherry L. Lansing (appointed 1999; reappointed 2010; term expires March 1, 2022)
- Monica Lozano (Chairman) (appointed 2001; resigned 2013; reappointed in 2014 by Jerry Brown, reappointment confirmed on Aug. 22, 2014, term expires March 1, 2022)
- Norman J. Pattiz (appointed 2001; reappointed 2003; reappointed in 2014 by Jerry Brown, reappointment confirmed on Aug. 22, 2014, term expires March 1, 2026)
- Richard C. Blum (appointed 2002; reappointed in 2014 by Jerry Brown, reappointment confirmed on Aug. 22, 2014, term expires March 1, 2026)
Originally appointed by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger:
- Frederick Ruiz (Vice Chair) (appointed 2004; term expires March 1, 2016)
- Paul Wachter (appointed 2004; term expires March 1, 2016)
- Eddie Island (appointed 2005; term expires March 1, 2017)
- William De La Peña, M.D. (appointed 2006; term expires March 1, 2018)
- Bruce D. Varner (appointed 2006; term expires March 1, 2018)
- Bonnie Reiss (appointed 2008; term expires March 1, 2020)
- Hadi Makarechian (appointed 2008; term expires March 1, 2020)
- Charlene Zettel (appointed 2009; term expires March 1, 2021)
- George Kieffer (appointed 2009; term expires March 1, 2021)
Originally appointed by Gov. Jerry Brown:
- Richard Sherman (appointed 2014, appointment confirmed on Aug. 22, 2014; term expires March 1, 2025)
- Eloy Ortiz Oakley (appointed 2014; term expires March 1, 2024)
- John Pérez (appointed 2014; term expires March 1, 2024)
- Gareth Elliott (appointed 2015; 2025 term expires March 1, 2025)
- Marcela Ramirez (term expires June 30, 2017)
Ex officio Regents
- Jerry Brown (Governor)
- Gavin Newsom (Lieutenant Governor)
- Anthony Rendon (Assembly Speaker)
- Tom Torlakson (Superintendent of Public Instruction)
- Janet Napolitano (UC President)
- Cynthia So Schroeder (President, Alumni Associations of UC, 2015–2016)
- Harvey Brody (Vice-President, Alumni Associations of UC, 2015–2016)
Regents-designate are non-voting participants who are scheduled to transition to full board membership at later date.
- J. Alberto Lemus (given alumni Regent-designate status 2016; designate status expires June 30, 2017)
- Francesco Mancia (given alumni Regent-designate status 2016; designate status expires June 30, 2017)
- Paul Monge Rodriguez (given student Regent-designate status 2016; designate status expires June 30, 2017)
Faculty Representatives to the Regents are non-voting participants who may be assigned as representatives to certain committees.
- Shane White (became a representative in 2016; representative status expires August 31, 2018)
- James Chalfant (became a representative in 2015; representative status expires August 31, 2017)
Non-voting participant who may be assigned as representives to Regents' committees.
- LaWana Richmond (July 1, 2016 — June 30, 2017)
- Jason Valdry (Staff advisor-designate, July 1, 2016 — June 30, 2017)
Notable past Regents
- Ben Allen (2007-2008)
- Gerry Parsky (1996-2008)
- John J. Moores (1999–2007)
- David S. Lee (1994–2006)
- Ward Connerly (1993–2005)
- Janice Eberly (1985–1986)
- Dolores Huerta (2003-2004)
- Howard H. Leach (1990–2001)
- Clair Burgener (1988–1997)
- John F. Henning (1989–1997)
- Tirso del Junco (1985-1997)
- Willis Harman (1980–1990)
- William French Smith (1968–1990)
- Sheldon Andelson (1982–1987)
- Janice Eberly (1985–1986)
- Gregory Bateson (1976–1980)
- William Coblentz (1964-1980)
- Yvonne Burke (1979)
- Fred Dutton (1962–1978)
- William M. Roth (1961–1977)
- Elinor Raas Heller (1961–1976)
- Norton Simon (1960–1976)
- Edwin W. Pauley (1940–1972)
- Dorothy Buffum Chandler (1954–1968)
- H. R. Haldeman (President, AAUC, 1965–1967; 1968)
- William E. Forbes (1960-1961, 1962)
- Thomas M. Storke (1955–1960)
- John Francis Neylan (1928–1955)
- Stanley Mosk (1940–1941)
- Paul Peek (1939–1940)
- William H. Crocker (1908–1937)
- William John Cooper (1927-1929)
- Phoebe Hearst (1897–1919)
- Stanley Sheinbaum (1977–1989)
- Charles Stetson Wheeler (1892–1896, 1902–1907, 1911–1923)
- Leland Stanford (1882–1883)
- Timothy Guy Phelps (1880–1899)
- Benjamin B. Redding (1880–1882)
- Peter Preuss (1994-1995, 1996-2008, 2011–2012)
- Odessa P. Johnson (1999-2012)
- Joanne C. Kozberg (1998-2010)
- Judith L. Hopkinson (1999-2009)
- Velma K. Montoya (1994-2005)
- Thomas S. Sayles (1994-2006)
- John G. Davies (1992-2004)
- William T. Bagley (1989-2002)
- S. Sue Johnson (1988-1989, 1990-2002)
- S. Stephen Nakashima (1989-2001)
- Frank W. Clark, Jr. (1980-2000)
In its early years, UC had thirteen Honorary Regents, with ten appointed in 1868. "Honorary Regents" were full board members, with the word "Honorary" simply denoting their manner of selection (that is, they were elected to serve on the board by the other board members, instead of being appointed by the governor). Some were then appointed to another term, following their term as Honorary Regent, by the governor. One (Tompkins) was re-elected.
- Frederick Low (1868), 9th Governor of California from 1863 to 1867; considered the "father of the University of California"
- Andrew J. Moulder (1868), State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1862–1863; a founder of Minns’ Evening Normal School in San Francisco in 1857 and of the first California State Normal School in San Jose, approved by the Legislature in 1862
- Edward Tompkins (1868–1872)
- Samuel F. Butterworth (1868–1873)
- Joseph M. Moss (1868–1874)
- William Chapman Ralston (1868–1875), founder of the Bank of California
- John B. Felton (1868–1877)
- Isaac Friedlander (1868–1869)
- Augustus J. Bowie (1868–1880)
- John S. Hager (1868–1890), California State Senator and district judge; United States Senator from California (1873–1875)
- Louis Sachs (1869–1875)
- Henry H. Haight (1872), 10th Governor of California; signed the Charter of the University of California on March 23, 1868
- Andrew Smith Hallidie (1873), "regarded as the inventor of the cable car and father of the present day San Francisco cable car system"; President of the San Francisco Mechanics' Institute 1868–1877 and 1893–1895
Notable legal cases
- Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
- Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California
- Moore v. Regents of the University of California
- USL v. BSDi
- Hamilton v. Regents of the University of California
- Certificate of Incorporation of The Regents of the University of California.
- Incorporation date, as shown in the records of the California Secretary of State.
- Hollender, Allison (2016-09-29). "Rundown on the Regents". City on a Hill Press. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
- Myers, John (2017-04-30). "Political Road Map: So why can the UC regents thumb their noses at the Legislature?". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
- California Code of Civil Procedure Section 367 requires that all civil actions must be prosecuted in the name of the "real party in interest, except as otherwise provided by statute."
- One of the few exceptions to this rule is in Kentucky, where actions against public universities can be brought in the institution's own name (but can also be brought against the board). See, e.g., Mitchell v. University of Kentucky et al., 2010-SC-000762-TG, Supreme Court of Kentucky, April 26, 2012.
- California Secretary of State. Entity number C0008116.
- Gutierrez, Melody; Asimov, Nanette (2017-05-28). "Regents throw parties at UC’s expense". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- Asimov, Nanette; Gutierrez, Melody (2017-05-29). "UC reverses policy, won’t pick up tab for regents’ parties". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- Brian Pusser; Imanol Ordorika (2001). "Bringing political theory to university governance" (PDF). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Regents Fact Sheet | #OccupyUCDavis". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on November 19, 2013. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Welcome caldisorientation.org - Justhost.com". Caldisorientation.org. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Members and Advisors". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- "Regent Sherry L. Lansing". 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
- Koseff, Alexei (2014-08-22). "UC regents reconfirmed over criticisms of out-of-state recruiting | The Sacramento Bee". Sacbee.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Regent Bruce D. Varner". 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-11.
- Sumers, Brian (May 30, 2014). "Ben Allen, Santa Monica school board member, seeks state Senate seat". Daily Breeze. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Kalem, Stefanie. "Parsky's Party". EasbBayexpress.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "U. of California Regent Resigns Abruptly - Graduate Students - The Chronicle of Higher Education". Chronicle.com. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- Greg Lucas (1997-08-29). "UC Regent Rejected By State Senate / Democrats say del Junco too partisan". SFGate.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "The Regents of the University of California Through the Years". Days of Cal. The Bancroft Library. 1997. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
- "– a critical forum on Research Universities, their finances, their governance, …, their future » A former UC Regent faults reporter’s profile of UC President Yudof". Universityprobe.org. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Thomas S. Sayles | About USC". About.usc.edu. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- Nelson, Valerie J. (2008-03-22). "Head regent, donor to UCLA hospital - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "University of California History Digital Archives". Sunsite.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- Schaechtele, Molly Shoemaker. "Frederick Low". The Governors of California and their Portraits (excerpt). California State Capitol Museum Volunteer Association. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- "California State Normal School History, 1862-1889". Historical Sketch of the State Normal School at San Jose, California,. State Printing Office. 1889. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- Official website
- Former Regents are listed chronologically at UC Berkeley's history site
- Regents of the University of California--Biographies, UC History Digital Archives (UC Regents from 1868 to 2003).
- Trombley, William. 1974. UC Regents: An Elite Club That Runs a Vast University. Los Angeles Times (Sunday, June 23, 1974), pages II-1, II-7, II-8.
- UC Democracy Project
- 2008 Meet the Regents article
- The UCSB Disorientation Guide's article on the UC Regents