Harbor–UCLA Medical Center
|Harbor–UCLA Medical Center|
|Los Angeles County Department of Health Services|
|Location||1000 W Carson St., Torrance, Los Angeles County, California, United States|
|Affiliated university||University of California, Los Angeles|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Lists||Hospitals in California|
Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is a 570-bed public teaching hospital located at 1000 West Carson Street in Torrance, California within Los Angeles County, United States. Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is funded by the County of Los Angeles, and serves as the Level I Trauma Center for the South Bay area.
A medical facility was originally opened on the site in 1943 as the U.S. Army's Port of Embarkation Hospital, which was a receiving point for the wounded returned from the Pacific theater during World War II. Situated on a tract of 80 acres (32 ha), it had an administration building and a large number of barracks wards arranged under the cottage system.
In February 1946, the county purchased the facility from the Federal Government in order to decentralize the activities of the Los Angeles County General Hospital, one of the largest institutions of its kind in the world, and founded a branch hospital to serve the Harbor and Long Beach.
The Los Angeles County Harbor General Hospital began its affiliation with UCLA School of Medicine in 1951. Construction of the present eight-story hospital building was completed in 1962 on the easterly portion of the grounds, at Carson Street and Vermont Avenue, replacing a number of the wooden barracks and cottages comprising Harbor General.
Affiliation with the UCLA School of Dentistry was established in 1972. In 1978, the name of the hospital was changed to Los Angeles County Harbor–UCLA Medical Center in order to draw attention to its working relationship with the UCLA School of Medicine.
The main building was portrayed as Rampart General Hospital in the popular TV series Emergency! (1972 to 1979).
Harbor–UCLA Medical Center is home of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (also known as LA BioMed), which is one of the largest independent, not-for-profit biomedical research institutes in the United States. Originally known as Harbor-UCLA Research and Education Institute (REI), the LA BioMed has been conducting biomedical research, training young scientists and providing community services, including childhood immunization, nutrition assistance and anti-gang violence programs over the past 50 years.
Pioneering research in many fields such as reproductive endocrinology, genetics, infectious diseases, trauma and respiratory medicine has brought worldwide attention to the Harbor-UCLA campus. Among the major milestones are:
- In 1984, Harbor-UCLA was the first institution in the world to achieve successful pregnancies using the technique of ovum transfer. The research team was directed by Dr. John Buster that performed history's first embryo transfer from one woman to another resulting in a live birth and led to the announcement on February 3, 1984. In the procedure, an embryo that was just beginning to develop was transferred from one woman in whom it had been conceived by artificial insemination to another woman who gave birth to the infant 38 weeks later. The sperm used in the artificial insemination came from the husband of the woman who bore the baby.
This scientific breakthrough established standards and became an agent of change for women suffering from the afflictions of infertility and for women who did not want to pass on genetic disorders to their children. Donor embryo transfer has given women a mechanism to become pregnant and give birth to a child that will contain their husband's genetic makeup. Although donor embryo transfer as practiced today has evolved from the original non-surgical method, it now accounts for approximately 5% of in vitro fertilization recorded births.
This work established the technical foundation and legal-ethical framework surrounding the clinical use of human oocyte and embryo donation, a mainstream clinical practice, which has evolved over the past 25 years.
Building upon Dr. Buster's groundbreaking research and since the initial birth announcement in 1984, well over 47,000 live births resulting from donor embryo transfer have been and continue to be recorded by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in the United States to infertile women, who otherwise would not have had children by any other existing method.
- The discovery by A.F. Parlow, PhD of the molecular structure of the human follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone. The Parlow Pituitary Hormone and Antisera Laboratory produces highly purified pituitary components which are used in research and therapy around the world. One of the hormones produced, human growth hormone, is used to prevent severe growth retardation in thousands of children around the world.
- Dr. Delbert Fisher was the first to comprehensively characterize the ontogenesis of fetal thyroid development. He went on to conceptualize and then develop a simple, highly effective newborn screening test for congenital hypothyroidism, including developing the micro assay methods that made it possible to screen on a national scale.
- Internationally renowned genetics research to help treat and prevent short stature, led by Dr. David Rimoin. He was responsible for early work on disorders of growth hormone metabolism, for expanding the knowledge of dwarfism and developing the $2.2 million Skeletal Dysplasia Center at Harbor-UCLA.
- Dr. J. Michael Criley's cardiac research into improved cardiac resuscitation techniques and better training of emergency paramedics, leading to the country's first hospital-based paramedic training program.
- A major discovery in defining the basic biochemical defect in a skin disease, known as x-linked ichthyosis. Dr. Larry Shapiro's discovery that this was a hereditary disease was a significant breakthrough and led to improved treatment strategies.
- Dr. Michael Kaback's advances in developing and improving screening for Tay-Sachs disease, an inherited, fatal disorder. Harbor-UCLA has become the headquarters for the California and international screening programs for the disease.
- Definitive studies of lung surfactant have resulted in saving the lives of thousands of premature infants who would have died because of immature lungs.
- The establishment of the UCLA Center for Vaccine Research. Work at the center has contributed to the licensure of several new vaccines and to the establishment of new national recommendations for childhood immunizations. These new vaccines have protected millions of newborns, children and adults from diseases such as meningitis, whooping cough and pneumonia.
- The development of scintimammography to detect breast cancer without invasive biopsies, is one of the many imaging procedures developed at Harbor-UCLA.
- A detachable balloon catheter, an artificial elbow, and an implant for use in maxillofacial surgery, are among the many devices developed here.
- The receipt of a $1,000,000 grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Pew Charitable Trusts to redesign how patient care is delivered. Harbor-UCLA was one of 20 hospitals nationwide—and the only one on the West Coast—to be awarded the grant. As a result, culture shifts occurred which emphasize leadership, community and the development of interdisciplinary collaboration. The grant also provided seed money and resources to assist with individual and group development.
- Compton Fire Department - Rescue Ambulance (RA) 41
- Los Angeles Fire Department - Rescues 33, 36, 38, 48, 51, 57, 64, 79, 85, 101, and 112
- Los Angeles County Fire Department - Squads 14, 21, 36, 106, 116, 158, 161 and 171.
- Manhattan Beach Fire Department - RA 21
- Redondo Beach Fire Department - RAs 61 & 62
- Torrance Fire Department- Rescues 91, 93, and 95
In 2013 the new rooftop heliport was completed, equipped with rooftop lights surrounding the helipad and a windsock to indicate the wind direction. Rescue copters of L.A.F.D, L.A County Fire Dept. & the U.S. Coast Guard use the new heliport.
- Hospitals in California
- Olive View-UCLA Medical Center
- UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica
- Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
- Science 37
- "Harbor-UCLA Medical Center". Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- "West Carson CDP, California". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- "County Moves for Purchase of Army Hospital", Los Angeles Times, p. 14, February 20, 1946
- "Harbor General to Shed Barracks", Los Angeles Times, p. CS 1, November 11, 1962
- "School of Dentistry at Hospital", Los Angeles Times, p. WS 6, January 16, 1972
- "Supervisors OK Renaming Harbor General Hospital", Los Angeles Times, p. CS 5, August 10, 1978
- Blakeslee, Sandra (February 4, 1984), "Infertile Woman Has Baby Through Embryo Transfer", The New York Times, retrieved April 14, 2009
- Otto Friedrich; Anne Constable; Raji Samghabadi (September 10, 1984), "A Legal, Moral, Social Nightmare", Time, retrieved April 14, 2009
- Wallis, Claudia (September 10, 1984), "The New Origins of Life", Time, retrieved April 14, 2009
- "Assisted Reproductive Technology: Home". Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Buster JE (2008), "The First Live Birth Donation" (PDF), Sexuality, Reproduction, and Menopause, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 6 (4): 22–28, archived from the original (PDF) on February 20, 2009, retrieved April 14, 2009
- Harbor-ucla.org: official Harbor-UCLA Medical Center website
- OSHPD Project: Harbor–UCLA Medical Center in the CA Healthcare Atlas