Revelation 4

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Revelation 4
Uncial 0169 Ap 3,12-4,1.jpg
Revelation 3:19-4:3 on Uncial 0169 from the fourth century.
BookBook of Revelation
CategoryApocalypse
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part27

Revelation 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle,[1][2] but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate.[3] This chapter contains an inaugural vision of heaven, portraying the throne room of heaven,[4] and the heavenly worship which the writer observes there.[5][6]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 11 verses.

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Note: The Book of Revelation is missing from Codex Vaticanus.[7]

Verse 1[edit]

After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven.
And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, "Come up here, and I will show you things which must take place after this."[8]

"After these things" refers back to "the entire vision in Revelation 1:10 to Revelation 3:22".[9]

Verse 8[edit]

The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying:
“Holy, holy, holy,
Lord God Almighty,
Who was and is and is to come!”[10]

Verse 11[edit]

"You are worthy, O Lord,
To receive glory and honor and power;
For You created all things,
And by Your will they exist and were created."[13]

The depiction of God's sovereignty starts with him as the 'Creator of all things', then as 'Redeemer' to restore his universal sovereignty on earth (Revelation 5), with the expectation to renew his whole creation in the end (Revelation 21:5).[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  2. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  3. ^ F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
  4. ^ Revelation 4:1-11: New King James Version
  5. ^ Revelation 4:1-11: New Revised Standard Version
  6. ^ Bauckham 2007, p. 1292.
  7. ^ Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
  8. ^ Revelation 4:1 NKJV
  9. ^ Meyer, H. A. W., Meyer's NT Commentary on Revelation 4, accessed 15 October 2018
  10. ^ Revelation 4:8 NKJV
  11. ^ Bauckham 2007, pp. 1292–1293.
  12. ^ a b Bauckham 2007, p. 1293.
  13. ^ Revelation 4:11 NKJV

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]