Revelation 3:19-4:3 on Uncial 0169 from the fourth century.
|Book||Book of Revelation|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||27|
Revelation 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. This chapter contains an inaugural vision of heaven, portraying the throne room of heaven, and the heavenly worship which the writer observes there.
Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Uncial 0169 (4th century; extant verses 1-3)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven.
- And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, "Come up here, and I will show you things which must take place after this."
- The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying:
- “Holy, holy, holy,
- Lord God Almighty,
- Who was and is and is to come!”
- "Four living creatures": reflecting a combination of the cherubim in Ezekiel 1 and seraphim in Isaiah 6:2, they functions as 'the priests of heavenly temple'. Their song is an adaption of Isaiah 6:3 with the incorporation of 'two of the key designations of God' (cf. Revelation 1:4, 8).
- "You are worthy, O Lord,
- To receive glory and honor and power;
- For You created all things,
- And by Your will they exist and were created."
The depiction of God's sovereignty starts with him as the 'Creator of all things', then as 'Redeemer' to restore his universal sovereignty on earth (Revelation 5), with the expectation to renew his whole creation in the end (Revelation 21:5).
- Book of Daniel
- John's vision of the Son of Man
- John the Apostle
- Related Bible parts: Isaiah 6, Ezekiel 1, Revelation 5, Revelation 6
- Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
- Evans, Craig A (2005). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
- F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
- Revelation 4:1-11: New King James Version
- Revelation 4:1-11: New Revised Standard Version
- Bauckham 2007, p. 1292.
- Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
- Revelation 4:1 NKJV
- Meyer, H. A. W., Meyer's NT Commentary on Revelation 4, accessed 15 October 2018
- Revelation 4:8 NKJV
- Bauckham 2007, pp. 1292–1293.
- Bauckham 2007, p. 1293.
- Revelation 4:11 NKJV
- Bauckham, Richard (2007). "81. Revelation". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 1287–1306. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.