Rosario, La Union

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Municipality of Rosario
Rosario town center
Rosario town center
Official seal of Rosario
Map of La Union with Rosario highlighted
Map of La Union with Rosario highlighted
Rosario is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°14′N 120°29′E / 16.23°N 120.48°E / 16.23; 120.48Coordinates: 16°14′N 120°29′E / 16.23°N 120.48°E / 16.23; 120.48
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceLa Union
District2nd District
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorBellarmin Flores III
 • Electorate30,817 voters (2016)
 • Total73.98 km2 (28.56 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total55,458
 • Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code2506
IDD:area code+63 (0)72
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)196,901,948.66 (2016)
Native languagesIlocano

Rosario (Ilokano: Ili ti Rosario, Pangasinan: Baley na Rosario), officially the Municipality of Rosario, is a 1st class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 55,458 people.[3]

The Kennon Road starts from this town and ends at Baguio City. It is being proposed that this town will be the terminus of the Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway.

Rosario is 215 kilometres (134 mi) away from Metro Manila and 54 kilometres (34 mi) from San Fernando, the provincial capital. The flight distance between Manila and Rosario is 189 kilometres (117 mi).[4]


Rosario came from the phrase “rosas del rio” (beautiful landscape with narrow valleys, wild animals, birds, rivers, brooks, dense forest and riverscape, as discovered by Spaniards). Another version or story, is that the long range of foothill far west of the Poblacion appearing like big Rosary beads was source of the town's name (giant and long rocky rosary).

Rosario is the southernmost town of La Union, hence called the “Gateway to Ilocandia”. Rosario's national highway passes along a mountain at barangay Agat (of Sison, Pangasinan), then into the Bued bridge (the boundary marker between La Union and Pangasinan).


Rosario was formerly a part of Santo Tomas and became a municipality in 1869 by a decree. Natives of Rosario emanated from Santo Tomas and Magsingal (Ilocos Sur), and also from Agoo, Tubao, Aringay, San Fernando and Bacnotan.

It was Don Mariano Posadas, Don Mariano Narcelles and Don Gavino Ordoña, who filed a petition with the authorities for conversion of Rosario to a town from sitio or barangay. In 1869, the Spanish Provincial Governor created Rosario town and appointed Don Agustin Isidro de Guzman as its first Capitan Municipal.


Population census of Rosario
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,028—    
1918 6,806+5.55%
1939 11,280+2.44%
1948 12,869+1.48%
1960 18,045+2.86%
1970 22,118+2.05%
1975 25,354+2.78%
1980 29,331+2.96%
1990 35,010+1.79%
1995 38,376+1.73%
2000 43,497+2.72%
2007 49,025+1.66%
2010 52,679+2.65%
2015 55,458+0.98%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Rosario, La Union, was 55,458 people,[3] with a density of 750 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,900 inhabitants per square mile.

Local Government[edit]

Just as the national government, the municipal government of Rosario, is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays.Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website.

The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the RosarioTown hall. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation, stationed in Rosario Legislative Building or Town hall.[8]


The 33 barangays of the Municipality of Rosario[9]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Concepcion 3,206 13 Parasapas 1,757 25 Rabon 990
2 Camp One(Saytan) 2,823 14 Gumot-Nagcolaran 1,695 26 Alipang 928
3 Subusub 2,586 15 Poblacion West 1,642 27 Bangar 916
4 Cataguingtingan 2,528 16 Nagtagaan 1,632 28 Puzon 824
5 Tabtabungao 2,460 17 Bani 1,554 29 Nangcamotian 789
6 Tay-ac 2,362 18 Carunuan East 1,425 30 Tanglag 637
7 Damortis 2,352 19 Marcos 1,396 31 Casilagan 587
8 Vila 2,245 20 Inabaan Sur 1,312 32 San Jose 522
9 Udiao 2,214 21 Carunuan West 1,297 33 Ambangonan 497
10 Poblacion East 2,093 22 Bacani 1,285 Rosario Total 52,679
11 Amlang 2,088 23 Benteng-Sapilang 1,187
12 Inabaan Norte 1,769 24 Cadumanian 1,033


Rosario has the following landmark attractions:

  • Beach resorts
  • Zoo
  • The Queen of Peace Priory
  • The Tree House
  • World War II Vintage Canons located at the Town Plaza
  • The Rosario Nature Park is hectares of lush green (La Union’s biggest camping site. It is the venue of the Boys and Girls Scouts of the Philippines' Jamborees. It is also the meeting place of Air Soft Enthusiasts' War Games.
  • Agoo–Damortis Protected Landscape and Seascape
  • Public Market (near the Rosario-Pugo Junction Road and a new Slaughter House which, unlike its predecessor, was built away from residential areas.
  • Yearly, on December 8, the Feast of Immaculate Concepcion, the town celebrates its fiesta. But it centers on the Linubian Festival (local cassava and banana cake) held from April 17 to 19. Rosario holds an Agri Trade Fair, showcasing its harvests topped by street-dancing competitions.[10]

1869 Immaculate Concepcion Parish Church[edit]

The Immaculate Concepcion Parish Church was canonically erected in 1869. It is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Fernando de La Union (Dioecesis Ferdinandopolitana ab Unione, Suffragan of Lingayen – Dagupan, which was created on January 19, 1970 and erected on April 11, 1970, comprising the Civil Province of La Union, under the Titular, St. William the Hermit, February 10). The Church is under a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines from the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia.

The Rosario Church is under the Vicariate of St. Francis Xavier with Vicar Forane, Fr. Joel Angelo Licos. [11] [12] Its Parish Priestis Fr. Raul S. Panay.

The church is located at the eastern side fronting the National Highway and the Municipal Building. It has an access road to the Rosario-Pugo-Baguio Road.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ 189 Km - Flight distance between Manila and Rosario - La Union Philippines
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ Local Government Units: Municipality of Rosario-Government - Province of La Union :: Official Website
  9. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority, April 4, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  10. ^ Local Government Units: Municipality of Rosario - Province of La Union :: Official Website
  11. ^ "Diocese of San Fernando de La Union". Claretian Publications. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Diocese of San Fernando de La Union". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 28 September 2014.

External links[edit]