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Aringay town center along the National Highway
Location in the province of La Union
|Region||Ilocos Region (Region I)|
|• Mayor||Eric O. Sibuma|
|• Total||84.54 km2 (32.64 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)72|
|Income class||2nd class|
Its boundaries are formed by the municipalities of Caba and Burgos to the north, Agoo to the south, the foothills of the Cordillera Central mountain range to the east, and the Lingayen Gulf to the west. Aringay belongs to District 2 in the province.
The town experiences the prevailing monsoon climate of Northern Luzon, characterized by a dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October. Its economy is based primarily on agriculture, producing rice, tobacco and fruit crops as economic staples. A nascent tourism industry is centered on its beach resorts. Its ethnic population is predominantly Ilocano and Christian (Roman Catholic).
|2||Poblacion||3,464||15||San Simon West||1,225|
|3||San Benito Sur||3,354||16||Pangao-aoan East||1,221|
|4||Dulao||3,284||17||San Juan West||1,182|
|5||Santa Rita West||3,192||18||Santa Rita East||1,078|
|6||Santa Lucia||2,861||19||San Simon East||1,051|
|8||San Benito Norte||2,428||21||Gallano||1,014|
|9||Basca||2,050||22||San Juan East||899|
|11||Santo Rosario West||1,789||24||Pangao-aoan West||807|
|13||Santo Rosario East||1,443|
Aringay was an ancient village known in pre-colonial times as Alingay or Alinguey. When Spanish colonizers arrived in the late 16th century, they found an enclave of ethnic Pangasinenses actively trading with their Ilocano and Ifugao neighbors and traders from China, Japan and Southeast Asia. The presence of Spanish soldiers, administrators and Augustinian missionaries ushered in the town’s colonial era and its conversion to Roman Catholicism.
Aringay remained a part of Pangasinan province until April 18, 1854, when the Spanish fused the northern towns of that province with the southern towns of Ilocos Sur to create the new province of La Union (hence, "The Union") The municipalities of Caba and Gallano (later placed in the province of Benguet and then abolished in 1900) were later carved out of Aringay’s northern borders.
The 18th and 19th century marked the active expansion of Ilocano territory. Scores of migrants from the Ilocos provinces pushed their way south so that by the end of the 19th century, Aringay was home to mostly Ilocano and Ilocanized Pangasinenses.
Outbreaks of rebellion rocked the town during four centuries of Spanish, American and Japanese colonization. Bloody confrontations ignited by revolutionaries such as Diego Silang and Gabriela Silang during Spanish occupation and by insurgents during the Philippine-American War and the Japanese occupation in World War II marred the bucolic villages of Aringay.
A decisive battle on Aringay River against U.S. forces crippled US forces . By 1901 the province of La Union was freed by American occupation.
Japanese forces attacked Aringay on December 1941 and occupied the town until their brutal withdrawal in 1945-1946, when many Aringayenos massacred the entire battalion of Japanese command in Aringay.
|Population census of Aringay|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Aringay was 47,458 people, with a density of 560 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,500 inhabitants per square mile.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aringay.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Caba / Naguilian||Sablan, Benguet|
|Agoo / Tubao||Tuba, Benguet|