Russell (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Russell
Language(s)Anglo-Norman
Origin
Meaningred, or a toponymic
Region of originEngland, Scotland, Ireland
Other names
Variant form(s)Russel; Rossell
Frequency comparisons:[1]

Russell, also Russel or Rossell, is a British surname. The origin of the name has historically been subject to disagreement, with two distinct origins proposed. Early genealogists traced the Russel/Russell family of Kingston Russel from Anglo-Norman landholders bearing the toponymic surname 'de Rosel' or 'du Rozel', deriving from Rosel, Calvados, Normandy (not, as has also been claimed, Le Rozel, Manche).[2] However, J. Horace Round observed that these flawed pedigrees erroneously linked toponymic-bearing men with unrelated men who instead bore the Anglo-Norman nickname rus[s]el (represented in contemporary Latin documents as Rosellus), given men with red hair.[2] This nickname was a diminutive of the Norman-French rus (Old French ros, Modern French roux[3]), meaning 'red', and was also an archaic name for the red fox.[4] Round concluded "there is no reason to suppose that the surname Russell was territorial at all,"[2] and surname dictionaries have preferred to derive the surname from the nickname. Dictionaries also state that the English name Rufus originally meant "red haired".[4][5]

People with surname Russell include:

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russell Surname Meaning and Geographic Distribution". forebears.co.uk. Retrieved 19 January 2014
  2. ^ a b c J. Horace Round, "The Origin of the Russells", in Studies in Peerage and Family History, Westminster: Archibald Constable and Company, Ltd., 1901, pp. 250-278
  3. ^ CNTRL Site : etymology of "roux" (French)
  4. ^ a b Henry Harrison, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary, London: The Moreland Press, 1918, vol. 2, p. 130
  5. ^ Patrick Hanks, ed, Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-19-508137-4, vol. 3, p. 240.