|Samoa tālā (Samoan)|
|Symbol||$ (sometimes SAT, ST or T)|
|Banknotes||2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 tālā|
|Coins||10, 20, 50 sene, 1 and 2 tālā |
|Central bank||Central Bank of Samoa|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2017|
The tālā is the currency of Samoa. It is divided into 100 sene. The terms tālā and sene are the equivalents or transliteration of the English words dollar and cent, in the Samoan language. Its symbol is $, or WS$ to distinguish it from other currencies named dollar.
The word 'tala' is also derived from the German word 'Thaler', and pronounced the same.
The tālā was introduced on 10 July 1967, following the country's political independence from New Zealand in 1962. Until that time, Samoa had used the pound, with coins from New Zealand and its own banknotes. The tālā replaced the pound at a rate of 2 tālā = 1 pound and was, therefore, equal to the New Zealand dollar. The tālā remained equal to the New Zealand dollar until 1975.
The symbol WS$ is still used for the tālā, representing the country's previous name Western Samoa, used up to 1997, when the word Western was officially removed and the country became known as just Samoa. Therefore, the symbol SAT, ST and T appear to be in use as well.
Prior to 1967, New Zealand coins were used in Western Samoa, circulating alongside locally issued and New Zealand banknotes.
In 1967, five and a half years after independence, new coins and notes were introduced replacing the New Zealand Pound as the official currency. Coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 50 sene and $1 in equal size to the coins of New Zealand. 1 and 2 sene coins were struck in bronze, while the higher denominations were struck in cupro-nickel. All featured the national emblem on the reverse and the then Head of State Malietoa Tanumafili on the obverse.
In 1974, a new coin series was introduced, designed by James Berry with a theme centred on locally grown food plants. The edges of the 50 sene coin were also changed from alternating plain and reeded to only reeded. In 1984, a seven-sided 1 tālā coin was introduced in aluminum bronze to replace the note. The coin depicted the state emblem on the reverse. Although $1 tālā pieces had been introduced in earlier years, this coin's bulky size and weight along with the favoured use of the equivalent banknote never saw to popular and widespread use.
In 2000, a commemorative 2 Sene coin was released commemorating the 21st century with an FAO theme.
The 1974–2011 series featured as follows:
- 1 sene: Coconut
- 2 sene: Cocoa pods
- 5 sene: pineapple
- 10 sene: Taro plant
- 20 sene: Breadfruit
- 50 sene: Banana tree
- $1 tālā (1974): Palm tree
- $1 tālā (1984): National crest
In 2011, the 1 and 2 and 5 sene coins were withdrawn from circulation as production costs exceeded production and their use in circulation had diminished significantly over the years. A new coin series was also introduced with reduced sizes and new shapes to reduce production costs and to reflect a more modern, streamlined Samoa. The new coins feature the then Head of State, Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi and are themed around local culture. The new coin series also includes a new scalloped edge $2 tālā struck in bronze plated steel intended to replace the 2 Tala polymer banknote. The $1 tālā is also struck in bronze plated steel and retains its original seven-sided shape but smaller. The reduced 5, 10, 20, and 50 sene are struck in nickel-plated steel. As Samoan coins are prone to heavy wear and use, the designs and composition were also studied and chosen with this in mind.
The 2011-series depict as follows:
- 10 sene: Fautasi canoe racers
- 20 sene: Teuila flower
- 50 sene: Manumea bird
- 1 tālā: Kava bowl and fly swatter
- 2 tālā: National crest
Banknotes of the Western Samoa Trust Territory, now the Independent State of Samoa, were issued by the Authority of the New Zealand Government, which governed the islands up until 1962. In 1915, the first provisional notes (dated 1914, but issued 1915) were issued by the New Zealand Occupying Military force. These were overprinted one pound and five pound notes of the Bank of New Zealand signed by Lt. Colonel Logan and overprinted 10 shillings notes were added in 1920. In 1922, Treasury Notes were issued “by the authority of the New Zealand Government” in denominations of 10 shillings and one and five pounds. They were issued until 1961 when the Bank of Western Samoa took over paper money issuance. Its first issues were overprints on the Treasury Notes. In 1963, regular type notes were introduced in the same denominations.
After independence, finance was taken over by the new government and a new currency called the tālā was issued. Tālā banknotes were first issued in 1967 in denominations of 1, 5, and 10 tālā by the "Bank of Western Samoa." In 1980, a 5 tālā note was issued shortly after the "Monetary Board of Western Samoa" was created.
Beginning in 1985, the new Central Bank of Samoa followed issued notes like the preceding issue from the Monetary Board of Western Samoa, but with the new issuer's name in both Samoan and English. The 1-tālā note was discontinued, and new denominations of 50- and 100-tālā were issued in 1990.
On 29 September 1991, a 2-tālā note was issued to commemorate the Golden Jubilee (50th anniversary) of Malietoa Tanumafili II as head of state. It was the first and only fully polymer note issued by Samoa. These were withdrawn in 2011 and replaced with the 2-tālā coin.
In 2008 a new series in denominations of 5-100 tālā produced by De La Rue was introduced with brighter colours, new security features, and modern designs.
The two highest denominations (50 and 100 tālā) are protected with De La Rue's Optiks security thread which features a see-through window.
|Banknotes series 2008|
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- Central bankwebsite on currency issue, Accessed 2008-12-02
- Samoa Realty Ltd - Lands For Sale
- Samoa Travel Guide: Overview - Lonely Planet WorldGuide
- Currencies of the World
- :: THE CENTRAL BANK OF SAMOA | Currency | Collector's Currency | Index ::
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Samoa". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Samoa BanknoteNews.com. Accessed 2008-12-07.
- Samoa issues new series BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.