Currency symbol

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Symbols of the four most widely held reserve currencies

A currency symbol or currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.


When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. Many currencies in English-speaking countries and Latin America (except Haiti) place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00). The Cape Verdean escudo (like the Portuguese escudo, to which it was formerly pegged) places its symbol in the decimal separator position (e.g. 20$00).[1] In many European countries such as France, the symbol is usually placed after the amount (e.g. 20,50 €).

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on handwritten price stickers (e.g., £5·52), but a full stop (e.g., £5.52) in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries.


Formal dimensions of the euro sign
The euro sign as implemented in a selection of typefaces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The modern dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish dollar,[2] whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from the letter L (written until the seventeenth century in blackletter type as ) standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver.[3]

Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism meaningful to their adopter. For example, the euro sign is based on ϵ, an archaic form of the greek epsilon, to represent Europe;[4] the Indian rupee sign is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter (ra);[5] and the Russian Ruble sign is based on Р (the Cyrillic capital letter 'er').[6]

There are also other considerations, such as how the symbol is rendered on computers and typesetting. For a new symbol to be used, its glyphs needs to be added to computer fonts and keyboard mappings already in widespread use, keyboard layouts need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the new symbol. For example, the European Commission was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[7] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most type foundries designing customized versions that match the 'look and feel' of the font to which it is to be added, often with reduced width.

List of currency symbols currently in use[edit]

Some of these symbols are rare because the currency sub-unit that they represent is obsolete or obsolescent due to currency inflation.

Symbol Name Currency Notes Unicode
؋ afghani Afghan afghani Also Af/Afs in Latin script U+060B ؋ AFGHANI SIGN
Ar ariary Malagasy ariary[8]
B/. balboa Panamanian balboa
Br birr Ethiopian birr
ruble Belarusian rouble Also Rbl/Rbls or R in Latin script
bitcoin cryptocurrency U+20BF BITCOIN SIGN
Bs. bolivar Venezuelan bolívar
cedi Ghana cedi U+20B5 CEDI SIGN
¢ cent, centavo, etc. Fraction.
A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso.
c cent etc. variant Fraction.
Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime, and the divisions of the euro.
Ch. chhertum Bhutanese chhertum Fraction.
A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
colon Costa Rican colón Symbol was also used for the Salvadoran colón. The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar. U+20A1 COLON SIGN
C$ córdoba Nicaraguan córdoba
D dalasi Gambian dalasi
ден denar Macedonian denar Latin form: DEN
دج dinar Algerian dinar Latin form: DA
.د.ب dinar Bahraini dinar Latin form: BD
د.ع dinar Iraqi dinar Latin form: I.D.
د.أ dinar Jordanian dinar
د.ك dinar Kuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
dinar Libyan dinar Latin form: LD
дин dinar Serbian dinar Latin form: din.
د.ت dinar Tunisian dinar Latin form: DT
د.م. dirham Moroccan dirham Latin forms: DH; Dhs
د.إ dirham United Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms DH; Dhs
Db dobra São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
$ dollar Australian ($A), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (Can$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[9] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand ($NZ), Singaporean (S$), Solomon Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), New Taiwan (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan (TV$), and United States (US$) May appear with either one or two bars (Double-barred dollar sign.svg), which share the same Unicode space.
Kiribati's and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 to the Australian dollar. Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 to the Singaporean dollar.
peso Argentine ($), Chilean (Ch$), Colombian (Col$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U)
dong Vietnamese đồng U+20AB DONG SIGN
֏ dram Armenian dram U+058F ֏ ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN
Esc escudo Cape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão): Double-barred dollar sign.svg
Ξ Ether Ethereum
euro Euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, Monaco and Andorra have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes. U+20AC EURO SIGN
Ft forint Hungarian forint
FBu franc Burundian franc
FCFA franc Central African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 to West African CFA franc.
CFA franc West African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 to Central African CFA franc.
Fr, fr
franc Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr), and Swiss (SFr) francs Also Fr and possibly .[citation needed] (The F with a double bar, although represented in Unicode as U+20A3 FRENCH FRANC SIGN, was proposed but never adopted as the symbol of the former French franc.[11][12] In some fonts, this code point is represented by Fr combined in a typographic ligature).
FRw franc Rwandan franc[13] Possibly also RF[14] and RFr[15]
G gourde Haitian gourde
gr grosz Polish grosz Fraction.
A centesimal division of the złoty
guarani Paraguayan guaraní U+20B2 GUARANI SIGN
h haler Czech haléř Fraction.
A centesimal division of the koruna
hryvnia Ukrainian hryvnia U+20B4 HRYVNIA SIGN
kip Lao kip or ₭N. U+20AD KIP SIGN
koruna Czech koruna
kr krone Danish krone, Norwegian krone, Swedish krona, Icelandic króna, Faroese króna Faroese króna pegged 1:1 to Danish krone, which is in turn pegged to the Euro through the ERM.
kn kuna Croatian kuna
Kz kwanza Angolan kwanza
K kyat Myanmar kyat, Papua New Guinean kina, Malawian kwacha, Zambian kwacha Myanmar kyat also "Ks."
lari Georgian lari U+20BE LARI SIGN
L lek Albanian lek, Romanian leu, Moldovan leu, Honduran lempira Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note. Also historically used for as a pound sign
Le leone Sierra Leonean leone
лв. lev Bulgarian lev
lilangeni Swazi lilangeni Symbol "E" is from the plural "emalangeni", symbol "L" (singular) is used on the one-lilageni note
lp lipa Croatian lipa Fraction.
A centesimal division of the kuna.
lira Turkish lira U+20BA TURKISH LIRA SIGN
M loti Lesotho loti Symbol based on plural form "maloti". The one-loti note employs the symbol L
manat Azerbaijani manat Also m. or man. U+20BC MANAT SIGN
KM mark Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Cyrillic form: КМ
MT metical Mozambican metical[16] Also MTn
mill Mill, mil, etc. Fraction.
An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies.
Nfk nakfa Eritrean nakfa Also Nfa[17]
naira Nigerian naira U+20A6 NAIRA SIGN
Nu. ngultrum Bhutanese ngultrum
UM ouguiya Mauritanian ouguiya[18]
T$ paanga Tongan paʻanga
Indian Paisa symbol.svg paisa Indian paisa Fraction.
A centesimal division of the Indian rupee. Previously official sign was ps. (before 15 July 2010), still occasionally used when Indian Paisa symbol.svg is not available.
ps. paisa Pakistani and Nepalese paisas Fraction.
A centesimal division of the rupee.
MOP$ pataca Macanese pataca Also 圓 and
p penny Alderney, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx and Saint Helena pennies Fraction.
Penny sterling; centesimal subdivision of a pound, known as the "New Penny" when introduced in 1971
peso Philippine peso Also , PHP, and P. U+20B1 PESO SIGN
pt piastre Egyptian piastre Fraction.
A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound. A local symbol used in handwriting and occasionally print is represented by a stylised form of "Arabic Letter Dotless Qaf" ٯ placed above the digits. Due to inflation and lack of computer support its use is dwindling.
£ pound Egyptian pound (£E), Lebanese pound (£L) the "pound" unit of sterling (£) (and the pegged currencies of Alderney, the Falklands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, the Isle of Man and Saint Helena), South Sudanese (£), Sudanese (£S or £Sd) and Syrian (£S or £Syr) pounds. Can be substituted with ₤, L, Ł and Ⱡ
Egyptian pound also abbreviated "LE" (French: livre égyptienne), and, in Arabic, ج.م
Lebanese pound also abbreviated L.L. (French: livre libanaise), and, in Arabic, ل.ل.
Sterling can also be abbreviated STG or Stg.
Syrian pound also abbreviated LS, (French: livre syrienne), SP, and, in Arabic, ل.س.
Sudanese pound also abbreviated LS. and, in Arabic, ج.س
P pula Botswana pula
Q quetzal Guatemalan quetzal
q qindarke Albanian qindarkë Fraction.
A centesimal division of the lek.
R rand South African rand Also sometimes Russian and Belarusian roubles when writing in Latin script.
R$ real Brazilian real The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign: Double-barred dollar sign.svg
rial Iranian rial Latin: Rl/Rls or IR U+FDFC RIAL SIGN
ر.ع. rial Omani rial
ر.ق rial Qatari riyal Latin: QR
ر.س riyal Saudi riyal Latin: SR. Also ﷼
ر.ي rial Yemeni rial
RM ringgit Malaysian ringgit
Pridnestrovie ruble sign.svg ruble Pridnestrovie ruble
rouble Russian rouble Also Rbl/Rbls or R in Latin script U+20BD RUBLE SIGN
Rf. rufiyaa Maldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and .ރ
rupee Indian rupee Previously official sign was Re./₨. (before 15 July 2010), still occasionally used when ₹ is not available. U+20B9 INDIAN RUPEE SIGN
Re. and ₨. rupee Mauritian,[19] Nepalese[20] (NRe./₨. and रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRe./SL₨. and රු) rupees U+20A8 RUPEE SIGN
S₨. or SRe. rupee Seychellois rupee[21] Also SR
Rp. rupiah Indonesian rupiah
shekel Israeli new shekel U+20AA NEW SHEQEL SIGN
TSh. shilling Tanzanian shilling Also /=
KSh. shilling Kenyan shilling Also /=
Sh.So. shilling Somali shilling[22] Also /-
USh. shilling Ugandan shilling Also /=
S/. sol Peruvian sol
SDR special Special drawing rights
Som sign.svg, сом som Kyrgyzstani som Som sign.svg: Kyrgyz National Bank approved the underlined С (Cyrillic Es) as currency symbol (2017).[23] U+20C0 SOM SIGN (version 14.0)
taka Bangladeshi Taka Also Tk. However, the Unicode code point refers to it as the "Bengali Rupee sign". U+09F3 BENGALI RUPEE SIGN
WS$ tala Samoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala". Also T and ST.
tenge Kazakhstani tenge U+20B8 TENGE SIGN
togrog Mongolian tögrög U+20AE TUGRIK SIGN
VT vatu Vanuatu vatu[24]
won North Korean won, South Korean won (원 / 圓) U+20A9 WON SIGN
¥ yuan Renminbi yuan (元 / 圆) Used with one and two crossbars, depending on font.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and the Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
yen Japanese yen (円 / 圓); 円 (en, lit. "circle") is usually used in Japan.
zł. zloty Polish złoty

Other rupee symbols[edit]

Rupee sign in other languages
Language Sign in Unicode

List of historic currency symbols[edit]

Some of these symbols may not display correctly.

Symbol Uses
Argentine austral (1985–1991)
Cz$ Brazilian cruzado (1986–1989)
₢$ Brazilian cruzeiro (1942–1967)
Cr$ Brazilian cruzeiro (1967–1986)
NCz$ Brazilian cruzado novo (1989–1990)
Rs$ Brazilian real (1747–1942)
Pfennig, a subdivision of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)
M East German Deutsche Mark (east) (1948–1964)
DM West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) (1948–2001)
Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries[26]
Greek drachma
ECU (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)
Chilean escudo (1960–1975)
ƒ Dutch gulden, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Fr Franc, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted
Kčs Czechoslovak koruna (1919–1993)
Lm Maltese lira
Ls Latvian lats (1922–2013, not continuously)
Lt Lithuanian litas (1922–2014, not continuously)
M East German Mark der DDR (1968–1990)
German Mark (1875–1923)
MDN East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank (1964–1968)
mk Finnish markka (1860–2002)
PF Philippine peso fuerte (1852–1901)
Spanish peseta (1869–2002)
R or RD Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)
ℛℳ German reichsmark (1923–1948)
Double-barred dollar sign.svg Portuguese escudo (cifrão)
Sk Slovak koruna (1993–2008)
Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement
Livre tournois (13th century – 1795)
𐆚 As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆖 Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆙 Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆗 Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆘 Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
£2 10s 3d, £2/10/3 The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and pence, all for the same amount. A dash was often used to indicate a zero amount of pence or shillings, e.g. 3/- or £4/-/6d
I/. Peruvian inti (1985-1991)
Bengali rupee mark[27][28]
Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16 of a taka or rupee[28]
Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20 of an ānā (1/320 of a taka or rupee)[28]
߾ Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet[29]
߿ Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet[29]
𞲰 Indic Siyaq rupee mark[30]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  2. ^ Kinnaird, Lawrence (July 1976). "The Western Fringe of Revolution". The Western Historical Quarterly. 7 (3): 259. doi:10.2307/967081. JSTOR 967081.
  3. ^ "The Origins of £sd". The Royal Mint Museum. Archived from the original on 8 March 2020.
  4. ^ "European Commission – Economic and Financial Affairs – How to use the euro name and symbol". Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  5. ^ "Currency Symbol for Indian Rupee" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Currency Geeks Rejoice, Russia Has A New Symbol For The Rouble". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-11-01. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  7. ^ Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol Archived 2017-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  8. ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  11. ^ Haralambous, Yannis (2007), Fonts & Encodings, p. 78
  12. ^ Balladur, Édouard (1988), Un symbole pour le franc
  13. ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender Archived 2011-04-03 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. ^ University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World Archived 2011-11-29 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  15. ^ Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  17. ^ "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  18. ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  19. ^ Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  20. ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  21. ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  22. ^ Central Bank of Somalia Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  23. ^ "KGS gets own currency symbol". Bishkek - news agency. 10 February 2017.
  24. ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation Archived 2018-08-02 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  25. ^ Everson, Michael (2017-10-22). "N4787R2: Proposal to encode the Wancho script" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-06-14. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  26. ^ Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  27. ^ "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  28. ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-06-14. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  29. ^ a b Everson, Michael (2015-12-19). "L2/15-338: Proposal to encode four N'Ko characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  30. ^ Pandey, Anshuman (2015-11-05). "L2/15-121R2: Proposal to Encode Indic Siyaq Numbers" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2018-06-09.