Scottish Council of Jewish Communities
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The Scottish Council of Jewish Communities (SCoJeC) is the democratic representative body of all the Jewish communities of Scotland. The Council was founded in 1999 in response to Scottish devolution, with the principal aim of providing the Jewish community of Scotland with a single voice in dealings with the Scottish Parliament and Government, other communities, and other statutory and official bodies.
The Council advances public understanding about the Jewish religion, culture and community, by providing information and assistance to educational, health, and welfare organisations. It also provides a support network for the smaller communities and individuals and families who live outside any Jewish community, and assists organisations within the Scottish Jewish community to comply with various regulatory requirements.
The Council also promotes dialogue between the Jewish community and other communities in Scotland, and works in partnership with other organisations and stakeholders to encourage understanding among community groups.
The Council was formed in 1999, principally by the Glasgow Jewish Representative Council and the Edinburgh Hebrew Congregation, after Scottish Devolution to give the Jewish community of Scotland a single voice in dealings with the Scottish Parliament and Government and other official bodies.
The Council is affiliated to the Board of Deputies of British Jews, which speaks for the entire UK Jewish community on reserved matters that affect the entire UK, while the Council has the same role in relation to the Scottish Government and other Scottish bodies with regard to matters devolved by the Scotland Act that only affect Scotland. Thus the Council is autonomous with regard to matters such as justice, education, health and welfare, and community relations, whilst the Board of Deputies speaks for all Britain's Jews on reserved matters such as foreign affairs and international development.
The Council was initially established when a meeting of all Scotland’s organised Jewish communities adopted its first constitution on 30 September 1999, and was recognised as Scottish Charity no. SC029438 by the Inland Revenue on 15 October 1999. It was incorporated as a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation on 1 December 2011.
The members of SCoJeC’s Council are the elected representatives of each of the formally organised Jewish communities in Scotland – Glasgow (Glasgow Jewish Representative Council), Edinburgh (Edinburgh Hebrew congregation and Sukkat Shalom Liberal Community), Aberdeen (Aberdeen Synagogue and Jewish Community Centre), and Tayside and Fife (Tayside and Fife Jewish Community). Three other groups are represented on the Council: the Jewish Network of Argyll and the Highlands, Jewish students studying in Scottish universities and colleges, and Jewish people of Israeli origin living in Scotland.
In addition to the elected representatives, the Council also includes up to six people who have been coopted on account of their particular expertise or experience; these have included a former judge and professor of law, a professor of social policy, a former senior civil servant, a consultant physician, and a senior social worker. In addition, we invite observers from communal organisations that serve the whole of Scotland, and members of the Jewish Community who are office-bearers of organisations to which SCoJeC is affiliated, such as BEMIS, Interfaith Scotland, and the Board of Deputies of British Jews. The Council meets four times a year.
This representative democratic constitution enables SCoJeC to speak authoritatively in the name of the whole Jewish Community of Scotland to government, parliament, churches, trades unions, the media, etc, about matters of concern to Jewish people in Scotland. For example, SCoJeC regularly responds to official consultations issued by the Scottish Government, Parliamentary Committees, and other bodies, in order to enable the views of the Scottish Jewish community to be taken into account when policy is being developed on matters that affect the community. These include antisemitism and hate crime, equalities and human rights, Family Law, death registration, the census, shechitah, medico-legal matters, protection of children and vulnerable adults, charity regulation, and other matters affecting communal organisations.
When preparing responses SCoJeC consults as appropriate with the leadership of the Scottish Orthodox, Reform, and Liberal communities, with relevant communal organisations such as Jewish Care, and with members of the community with particular expertise in the relevant area. The submitted responses then reflect the consensus or range of views expressed.
For example, SCoJeC’s response to a Scottish Government consultation about same sex marriage was prepared in consultation with all branches of Judaism represented in Scotland. The opinions were divided, with the Orthodox Jewish view very much opposed to same-sex relationships, and the Liberal Jewish community strongly supporting the proposals. SCoJeC’s response did not express a single opinion but instead set out the official positions of the various branches of the Jewish community in Scotland. Similarly, while confirming that all branches of the Jewish community in Scotland are strongly supportive of organ donation and transplantation, SCoJeC’s response to the 2018 Scottish Parliament consultation on the Organ and Tissue Donation (Scotland) Bill presented the differing views put forward by the Orthodox, Reform, and Liberal Jewish communities in Scotland.
SCoJeC only comments on matters that have an impact on the Jewish community in Scotland. For example, with regard to the Middle East, SCoJeC has stated that its role is not to express opinions about foreign affairs, or particular political issues, but when campaigning about the region sometimes becomes antisemitic rather than political, SCoJeC alerts relevant authorities to the concerns of the Scottish Jewish community.
SCoJeC's functions generally fall into three key areas, which are reflected in its strap-line, “representing, connecting, and supporting Jewish people in Scotland”:
1. Representing Scotland's Jewish Community to other external organisations, fostering relations with other communities in Scotland, and working with other communities and umbrella groups to improve community relations;
2. Connecting Jewish people in Scotland with each other, with the organised Jewish Community, and with other communities, by organising social activities, publishing information, and responding to requests for advice and assistance;
3. Supporting Jewish people in Scotland by providing support for local groups, assisting communal organisations to meet regulatory requirements, producing educational and other resources to enhance understanding of Judaism and the lives of Jewish people in Scotland.
SCoJeC promotes the understanding of Jewish religion, culture, and community, and works to provide information and assistance to local authorities, other faith and ethnic communities, and educational, health, and welfare bodies across the country.
SCoJeC represents the Jewish community in Scotland to government and other official bodies by:
● responding to official consultations on matters that affect the community such as antisemitism and hate crime, equalities and human rights, Family Law, registration and the census, shechitah, medico-legal matters, protection of children and vulnerable adults, charity regulation, and other matters affecting communal organisations;
● participation in various Scottish Government equality initiatives and Scottish Parliament Cross Party Groups such as those on Race and on Human Rights;
● representation on a wide range of national organisations dealing with aspects of community relations, interfaith relations, Human Rights, equality matters, etc, including, amongst others, the Boards of BEMIS (the Scottish Ethnic Minority umbrella body), Interfaith Scotland, Scottish Faiths Action for Refugees and Faith in Communities Scotland.
● membership of advisory bodies such as the Joint Committee on Religious and Moral Education, the Scottish Government Death Registration Advisory Group, NHS Spiritual Care Committees, Police Scotland Community Advisor groups, and the Joint Faiths Advisory Board on Criminal Justice;
SCoJeC is not a political or a religious organisation; it is the secular representative organisation of the Jewish communities in Scotland, and it responds to a wide range of issues and organisations. SCoJeC makes representations on behalf of the Jewish Community in Scotland to the Scottish Government, Scottish Parliamentary committees, MSPs, and other bodies on issues concerning Jews in Scotland. Examples of this are as follows:
- Issuing a statement in July 2019 responding to the Antisemitism in the Labour Party, calling on Scottish Labour to demonstrate leadership, support whistle blowers, and push for serious action to be taken to deal with antisemitism.
- Sending a message of support to be read out at the annual “Stand Up To Racism” rally in Glasgow when there were rallies against racism in the UK, Europe, America, and throughout the world as part of the United Nations International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
- Issuing a joint-statement with GMB Scotland to mark the Holocaust Memorial Day on 27 January 2019.
- Assisting the National Records of Scotland with their planning for the next census in 2021, by asking members of the Jewish Community to test different versions of questions of particular relevance, like whether to include “Jewish” as an option for the Ethnicity question.
- Meeting First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, along with Board of Deputies President Marie van der Zyl, Board of Deputies Public Affairs Director Phil Rosenberg, and Glasgow Jewish Representative Council Co-President Evy Yedd in 2018, to discuss antisemitism, Scotland's Jewish community, and the impact that attitudes to Israel have on Jewish people living in Scotland.
- Collaborating with Jewish Policy Research (JPR) on data collection in 2018 for the significant study of antisemitism throughout Europe they conducted, together with Ipsos, for the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
- Contributing a Hebrew Prayer at the 2007 and 2011 Kirking of Scottish Parliament in the presence of the Prince of Wales and Duke of York respectively.
- Meetings with the STUC over concerns about antisemitism in Scotland, and contributing an essay to their yearly anti-racism brochure.
SCoJeC works in partnership with other organisations to develop good relationships between communities. Activities include:
- Being represented on the Executive of Interfaith Scotland, a Scottish charity specialising in promoting and facilitating constructive engagement between different faith and belief communities across Scotland
- Collaborating with Refugee Council Scotland to bring Berlin dance company TOTAL BRUTAL, a collaboration between an Israeli choreographer and three Syrian refugee dancers, to Glasgow and Edinburgh as part of Refugee Festival Scotland 2019. The events included a Klezmer Ceilidh and a dance workshop with Klezmer, Israeli, Syrian and Contemporary dancing – aiming to bring together people from different backgrounds using dance.
- Taking part in a discussion and kosher lunch hosted by Rt Rev Dr Derek Browning, the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland at the time in 2018. The theme of the discussion was the challenges facing all people of faith in Scotland today, and how shared hospitality offers as an example of how faiths can relate to one another.
- Participating in a meeting of the Cross-Party Group on Tackling Islamophobia in the Scottish Parliament in 2018 to discuss Shared Experiences, Shared Challenges, and Shared Ideas alongside the Muslim Council of Scotland (MCS). The meeting concluded with the signing of a joint declaration by the representatives of SCoJeC and the MCS, stating that the organisations stand together determined to end the hatred and extremism that affect us all.
- Organising the Scottish Interfaith Pilgrimage to Israel in 2008, supported by then First Minister Alex Salmond, and covered by both BBC Scotland and the Herald newspaper. The interfaith pilgrimage to Israel was organised as part of an initiative to increase understanding and friendship between communities in Scotland. The idea grew out of a conversation between SCoJeC Director Ephraim Borowski, and Rami Ousta, CEO of BEMIS, the umbrella organisation for minority community organisations in Scotland, who were concerned that tensions in the Middle East may sometimes be an obstacle to the development of good relations locally. The Very Reverend Dr Finlay Macdonald, Principal Clerk, and former Moderator of the Church of Scotland, and the Director of Meem, a diversity training organisation, both joined the steering group, and around thirty people from seven different faith communities were invited to participate in the trip.
- Sponsoring a Symposium jointly with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Glasgow, to mark the 45th anniversary of the historic Nostra aetate, the ground-breaking declaration by Pope John XXIII following the Second Vatican Council, that set the scene for a complete transformation of relations between the Catholic Church and the Jewish Community.
SCoJeC's work within the community aims to enable the Jewish communities in Scotland, and Jewish individuals living outwith any settled community, to connect with one another.
SCoJeC provides services to all of Scotland’s Jewish communities by:
● assisting the Community to comply with Protection of Vulnerable Groups regulations by advising communal organisations about relevant requirements, and carrying out Scheme Record applications on behalf of most voluntary organisations in the Jewish community (including all communal youth groups, synagogues, and educational organisations);
● assisting the Community to comply with immigration regulations by informing communal organisations about relevant requirements, and sponsoring visa applications for overseas visitors to carry out work in the community, for example to enable a visiting rabbi to perform a wedding, or to ensure that volunteer youth workers from outwith the European Economic Area can legally participate in a communal organisation's activities;
● responding to requests from local authorities, NHS boards, schools, local police, etc. for information about the needs of local Jewish residents;
● liaising with the Community Security Trust (CST) , the Scottish Government, the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service, and Police Scotland to combat antisemitism and antisemitic incidents in Scotland;
● providing educational resources, and sending accredited volunteer ambassadors to visit schools throughout Scotland, in order to promote better understanding of Judaism and the Jewish community;
● providing a support network for the smaller Jewish communities, for individuals and families who live in rural areas and outwith any Jewish community, and for those in and around the main conurbations who have chosen not to join the formally organised communities;
Specific examples of SCoJeC’s work supporting Jewish communities include:
● publishing a quarterly newsletter, Four Corners, aiming to build a sense of community by providing information about events and activities across Scotland;
● publishing "Being Jewish in Scotland" in 2013, a small-scale inquiry carried out by SCoJeC with funding from the Scottish Government, to find out more about the variety of experience of Jewish people in Scotland, and encourage them to identify the issues that are important to them. A follow-up study, “What's Changed about Being Jewish in Scotland?”, was conducted by SCoJeC in 2015, which provided an opportunity for a substantial number of Jewish people from throughout Scotland to tell SCoJeC whether and how their experiences have changed during the previous two years, and to address some very real concerns about security and about their relationships with the wider community.
● hosting a Scottish book tour in March 2019 by Lyn Julius, author of Uprooted, the little-known story of the destruction of the ancient Jewish communities in the Middle East and North Africa. As well as her public meetings in Glasgow, Inverness, Edinburgh, and Dumfries, Lyn also spoke in the Scottish Parliament.
● Playing a central role in the Jewish Gathering hosted by Edinburgh Hebrew Congregation in October 2018 in Edinburgh – a first nationwide get-together for Scottish Jews, bringing together around 160 Jewish people from all over Scotland – from the Western Isles and the Grampians in the north to Galloway in the south. The programme included traditional Shabbat meals, inspiring speakers, music, and discussions.
● Organising Crossing the border: A Jewish musical journey in Scotland in 2017, a series of klezmer concerts to celebrate the bicentenary of Jewish Communities in Scotland. The tour was also part of European Days of Jewish Culture 2017.
● Organising Exploring Scotland's Small Jewish Communities, a series of seven talks across Scotland discussing the history of the Jewish Community. This marked the bicentenary of Jewish communities in Scotland, and was part of Refugee Festival Scotland in 2017.
● Organising annual Chanukah community events in locations like Linlithgow, Dumfries and Stirling, which include kosher buffets, paper-cutting craft workshops, traditional music and dance in addition to the menorah-lighting ceremony.
SCoJeC also produces a number of resources aimed at furthering education on Judaism and Jewish people in Scotland, such as:
- a regularly updated website with information about the Jewish Community of Scotland and its activities and concerns;
- The Guide to Jewish Facilities in Scotland which gives information about communities and facilities throughout the country. The Guide is consulted by Jewish tourists, business visitors, and people thinking of moving to Scotland, as well as providing contact details of local facilities all in one place for Jewish people in Scotland;
- conducting the Being Jewish in Scotland inquiries into what matters to Jewish people in Scotland, and disseminating the findings to Government, public authorities, and others. The studies helped build a better understanding of what affected the sense of security of Jewish individuals and communities, of what matters to the community, and how to improve support for Jewish people in Scotland;
- Points of View, a selection of contributions to interfaith and community relations publications and events of relevance to the Jewish Community in Scotland. Members of SCoJeC and other representatives of the Community are often asked to contribute to interfaith and community relations publications and events. For example, Prof. Paul Spicker published an article about antisemitism in CommonSpace, “Antisemitism - If you think this article is about Israel, think again”, drawing from research data published in the Being Jewish in Scotland studies. The article discusses antisemitism in Scotland and its conflation with Israel discourses;
- MEMO (Minority Ethnic Matters Overview), produced by the Scottish Council of Jewish Communities in partnership with BEMIS, and supported by the Scottish Government, is a weekly overview of information of interest to minority ethnic communities in Scotland, including parliamentary activity at Holyrood and Westminster, new publications, consultations, forthcoming conferences, and news reports. Additionally, SCoJeC publishes MEMO+, a series of occasional briefings and reports on a variety of issues of interest to minority communities;
- Political Affairs Digest, a summary of political events affecting the Jewish Community (published daily during the Parliamentary Session);
- Four Corners, a quarterly newsletter, providing information about events and activities across Scotland;
- Scotland's Jews, documenting the history of the Scottish Jewish community, overviewing the demographics of the community and the Jewish beliefs and practices, as well as outlining Jewish concerns about health, employment and contemporary antisemitism.
SCoJeC aims to increase understanding and communication around Jewish life and belief. SCoJeC offers Educational Resources such as information sessions and activities about Judaism for school and community groups. Initiatives include:
- an educational project that consists of training Jewish volunteers to deliver educational talks and activities about their faith and community to schools and other groups, and to represent the Jewish community at interfaith events. The project supports the delivery of Curriculum for Excellence across a range of curricular areas. Jewish topics discussed in these sessions include Shabbat and the Jewish Festivals, Jewish Life Cycle, Synagogues, and Kosher food and other aspects of daily life.
- JOES Boxes (Jewish Objects for Education in Scotland), which include a range of objects such as Shabbat Candlesticks, Havdalah sets, Torah scrolls or Chanukiah, to stimulate interest about Judaism and understanding of the Jewish way of life. The boxes are designed to be an educational resource, and they are provided to every local council in Scotland (and backed up by an additional web resource).
- History of the Jews in Scotland
- Board of Deputies of British Jews
- British Jews
- European Jewish Congress
- Institute for Jewish Policy Research
- "Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisations" (PDF). SCoJeC. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Consultation Responses". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Proposed Organ and Tissue Donation (Scotland) Bill: Response from the Scottish Council of Jewish Communities" (PDF). SCoJeC. September 2018.
- "Unprecedented Increase in Antisemitism" (PDF). Four Corners. September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- Panorama - Is Labour Anti-Semitic?, retrieved 6 September 2019
- "Statement: Antisemitism in the Labour Party". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Stand up to racism". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Holocaust Memorial Day". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Scotland's Census 2021 Ethnic Group and Religion Update" (PDF). Scotland's Census. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Census ethnicity question". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- Reporter, Jewish News. "Board praises 'engagement and knowledge' of Nicola Sturgeon during meeting". jewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU". European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. 3 December 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Antisemitism: Survey of European Jews". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Kirking of the Scottish Parliament". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Kirking of the Parliament". www.parliament.scot. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "MSPs attend Kirking of parliament". 10 May 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Scottish Faiths Action for Refugees » Come as you are! June 2019: Scotland". Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Relations with the Church of Scotland". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Jewish and Muslim leaders in Scotland agree to expand cooperation". jewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "'Landmark' stand against hate crime". 27 November 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Tackling Antisemitism and Islamophobia in Scotland". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Faiths combine to send Israel a mission of peace". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Nostra Aetate Symposium". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "The Protecting Vulnerable Groups (PVG) scheme - mygov.scot". www.mygov.scot. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Uprooted – Highlighting the forgotten refugees". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Scots unite for first national gathering". www.thejc.com. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Scotland's Jewish Gathering". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- ""Crossing the Border"". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Bicentenary History Talks: Exploring Scotland's Smaller Jewish Communities". Glasgow Reform Synagogue. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "History Talks". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Lighting in the Rain!". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "SCoJeC Chanukah party in Dumfries". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "SCoJeC Chanukah party in Stirling". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Paul Spicker: Antisemitism - If you think this article is about Israel, think again". CommonSpace. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Judaism Sessions". www.scojec.org. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- Board of Deputies of British Jews
- Community Security Trust
- Glasgow Jewish Representative Council
- Edinburgh Hebrew congregation
- Sukkat Shalom Liberal Community
- Aberdeen Synagogue and Jewish Community Centre
- Tayside and Fife Jewish Community
- Jewish Network of Argyll and the Highlands
- The Scottish Israeli Cultural Association
- Jewish Student Chaplaincy Scotland
- Jewish Care Scotland
- The Scottish Jewish Archives Centre
- Interfaith Scotland
- Scottish Faiths Action for Refugees
- Faith in Community Scotland
- Scottish Joint Committee for Religious and Moral Education
- European Days of Jewish Culture