Senior High School Entrance Examination

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Senior High School Entrance Examination
Traditional Chinese高級中等學校招生考試
Simplified Chinese高级中等学校招生考试
Secondary Education Exam
Chinese

The Senior High School Entrance Examination, or commonly known as Zhongkao (中考), is the academic examination held annually in the mainland of the People's Republic of China to distinguish junior high school graduates. This examination is a prerequisite for entrance into almost all education institutions at the senior high school level, such as common senior high schools, secondary skill schools, vocational high schools, technical high schools. It is usually taken by students in their last year of junior high school.

Before the Senior High School Entrance Examination, every province will hold two simulation examination twice, few places even three times. The Senior High School Entrance Examination usually make out problems by province, but few provinces transmit the power of making out problems to cities. This exam is the second examination system recovered after the Cultural Revolution. It takes place in early June every year, however in few place it takes place in late June or even early July.

In 1980, the decades that just recover the exams, the Graduation Examination of Junior High School and the Senior High School Entrance Examination are the same exam. If the students failed the Senior High School Entrance Examination, then they cannot graduate from the junior high school, even if there are senior high school who want to admit them. These students will be refused by the senior high school for the reason "failure in graduation from junior high school" (初中肄业), that is what is commonly called “sending back the document” (退档). However some places has the system of makeup exam of the Senior High School Entrance Examination. Since mid-1990s, the Graduation Examination of Junior High School becomes separated from the Senior High School Entrance Examination, but some provinces and cities such as Shanghai combined the two exams again.

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