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Shades of orange

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Orange
 
Color icon orange.png
Wavelength585–620 nm
Common connotations
Autumn, Halloween, Thanksgiving, warmth
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF8000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 128, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(30°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(67, 123, 30°)
SourceHTML Color Chart @30
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

Varieties of the color orange may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being an orange or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Orange (color wheel)[edit]

Orange (color wheel)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF8000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 128, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(30°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(67, 123, 30°)
SourceHTML Color Chart @30
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color known as color wheel orange is the tone of orange that is a pure chroma on the HSV color wheel, the expression of which is known as the RGB color wheel, exactly halfway between red and yellow. The complementary color of orange is azure.

Computer web color oranges[edit]

Orange (web color)[edit]

Orange (web color)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFA500
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 165, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(39°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(75, 105, 45°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color called orange is defined in CSS as the hex triplet FFA500.

Dark orange (web color)[edit]

Dark orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF8C00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 140, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(33°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(69, 116, 34°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

There is a web color called dark orange.

Aerospace and safety[edit]

Safety orange[edit]

Safety Orange
 
Sign Road Work Ahead.jpg
A safety orange warning sign for road construction sites.
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7900
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 121, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(28°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(66, 127, 28°)
SourceANSI Z535
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Safety orange (also known as blaze orange, and a number of other names) was defined in ANSI standard Z535.1–1998 and is commonly used in a wide variety of contexts to warn of hazards, including: high-viz clothing, road cones, and as the background color in safety warning notices.

International orange (Aerospace)[edit]

International Orange
(Aerospace)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF4F00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 79, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(19°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 152, 18°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

A shade of orange known as International orange is used in the aerospace industry to set objects apart from their surroundings, similar to Safety orange, but deeper and with a more reddish tone. It was the color used for the Space Shuttle pressure suits.

International orange (Golden Gate Bridge)[edit]

International Orange
(Golden Gate Bridge)
 
Golden Gate Bridge, North view.jpg
The Golden Gate Bridge partially covered in fog
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F04A00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(240, 74, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(18°, 100%, 94%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(56, 143, 18°)
SourceGGB
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The tone of international orange used to paint the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California is slightly lighter than the standard International orange used by military contractors and in engineering (shown below), thus increasing its visibility to ships. The 25 de Abril Bridge in Lisbon, Portugal also uses this color.[1]

Additional definitions of orange[edit]

Orange (Pantone)[edit]

Orange (Pantone)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF5800
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 88, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(21°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(60, 147, 20°)
SourcePantone TPX[2]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color called orange in Pantone is taken from the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #021 TPX—Orange.[3]

Orange (Crayola)[edit]

Orange (Crayola)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7538
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 117, 56)
HSV (h, s, v)(18°, 78%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 122, 24°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Orange was one of the original colors formulated by Crayola in 1903.

Other variations of orange[edit]

Papaya whip[edit]

Papaya Whip
 
Creme de Papaya com Cassis (8448356318).jpg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFEFD5
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 239, 213)
HSV (h, s, v)(37°, 16%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(95, 24, 63°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color papaya whip is a pale tint of orange. It is a representation of the color that would result if mashed papayas were blended with vanilla ice cream, whipped cream, or yogurt.[citation needed]

Peach[edit]

Peach
 
Autumn Red peaches.jpg
The colour peach represents the flesh of the peach fruit
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFE5B4
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 229, 180)
HSV (h, s, v)(39°, 29%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(92, 42, 63°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[4]
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of peach as a color name in English was in 1588.[5]

Light orange[edit]

Light orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FED8B1
sRGBB (r, g, b)(254, 216, 177)
HSV (h, s, v)(30°, 30%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(89, 42, 51°)
SourceCrayola C.P.
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

A light orange color was formulated for Crayola colored pencils.

Apricot[edit]

Apricot
 
Apricot whole444.jpg
An apricot fruit
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FBCEB1
sRGBB (r, g, b)(251, 206, 177)
HSV (h, s, v)(24°, 29%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(86, 40, 41°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[6]
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Apricot has been in use as a color name since 1851.[7]

Melon[edit]

A cantaloupe from Australia
Melon[8]
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FDBCB4
sRGBB (r, g, b)(253, 188, 180)
HSV (h, s, v)(7°, 29%, 99%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(82, 45, 19°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color melon.

This color is a representation of the color of the interior flesh of a cantaloupe, the most commonly consumed melon.

The first recorded use of melon as a color name in English was in 1892.[9]

Cantaloupe melon

In 1958, melon was formulated as one of the Crayola colors.[citation needed]

Atomic tangerine[edit]

Atomic tangerine
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF9966
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 153, 102)
HSV (h, s, v)(20°, 60%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(73, 90, 30°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Atomic tangerine was formulated by Crayola in 1990.

(Atomic tangerine is supposed to be a fluorescent color, but there is no mechanism for showing fluorescence on a flat computer screen.)

Xanthous[edit]

Xanthous
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F1B42F
sRGBB (r, g, b)(241, 180, 47)
HSV (h, s, v)(41°, 80%, 95%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(77, 89, 56°)
Source[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The name of the color xanthous is derived from xantho (meaning yellow or golden), from the Ancient Greek ξανθός and "ous" (meaning full of), from the Latin adjectival suffix -ōsus.

Carrot orange[edit]

Carrot orange
 
CarrotRoots.jpg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED9121
sRGBB (r, g, b)(237, 145, 33)
HSV (h, s, v)(33°, 86%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 99, 40°)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Carrot orange is a tint of orange that is a representation of the color of the raw carrot vegetable.

The first recorded use of carrot orange as a color name in English was in 1684.[10]

Orange peel[edit]

Orange peel
 
Orange and cross section.jpg
Orange fruit and cross section
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF9F00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 159, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(37°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(74, 107, 42°)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

A discussion of the difference between the color orange (the color halfway between red and yellow, shown below as color wheel orange) and the color orange peel (the actual color of the outer skin of an orange), may be found in Maerz and Paul.[11] Orange peel is the color halfway between orange (color wheel) and amber on the color wheel.

The first recorded use of orange peel as a color name in English was in 1839.[12]

Princeton orange[edit]

Princeton orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#EE7F2D
sRGBB (r, g, b)(238, 127, 45)
HSV (h, s, v)(25°, 81%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 106, 31°)
SourcePrinceton University
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of Princeton orange as a color name in English was in 1928.[13]

The color symbolizes Princeton University and is defined as Pantone 158.[14] The equivalent RGB values vary among sources. One such color, closely matching that used on the defining pages at Princeton, is shown at right.

UT orange[edit]

UT orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF8200
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 130, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(31°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(67, 121, 31°)
SourceUniversity of Tennessee[15]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This shade of orange is unique to the University of Tennessee (UT), defined by the institution as Pantone 151, and is called UT orange.[clarification needed] It is offered for sale by The Home Depot and licensed by the university. According to the university, this shade of orange is derived from the American daisy, which grew in profusion on the oldest part of the campus, The Hill. The University of Tennessee colors are UT orange and white, and are used across its various sports teams, advertising, and merchandise.

Spanish orange[edit]

Orange (G&S)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E86100
sRGBB (r, g, b)(232, 97, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(25°, 100%, 91%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(58, 123, 24°)
SourceGallego and Sanz[16]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spanish orange is the color that is called anaranjado (the Spanish word for the colour "orange") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Tangerine[edit]

Tangerine
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F28500
sRGBB (r, g, b)(242, 133, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(33°, 100%, 95%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(66, 110, 34°)
Source[17]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Tangerine fruit in a tree
Tangerine fruit in a tree

The first recorded use of tangerine as a color name in English was in 1899.[18]

Coral[edit]

Coral
 
Orange cup coral.jpg
Orange cup coral
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7F50
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 127, 80)
HSV (h, s, v)(16°, 69%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(67, 110, 24°)
SourceHTML/CSS[19]
X11 color names[20]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color coral is a shade of orange. The first recorded use of coral as a color name in English was in 1513.[21]

Pumpkin[edit]

Pumpkin
 
Pumpkins.jpg
The Cucurbita upon which the color "pumpkin" is based
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7518
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 117, 24)
HSV (h, s, v)(24°, 91%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 127, 26°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[22]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Pumpkin is a color that resembles pumpkins.

The first recorded use of pumpkin as a color name in English was in 1922.[23]

Pumpkin or orange is used with black for Halloween decorations.

Tangelo[edit]

Tangelo
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F94D00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(249, 77, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(19°, 100%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(58, 149, 18°)
Source[Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Tangelo is a shade of orange that is the color of the outer skin of the tangelo fruit.

Saffron[edit]

Saffron
 
Shades of saffron.jpg
Saffron fronds, derived from the saffron crocus, added to water
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F4C430
sRGBB (r, g, b)(244, 196, 48)
HSV (h, s, v)(45°, 80%, 96%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(81, 90, 63°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[24]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of saffron as a color name in English was in 1200.[25] It is considered as the most important colour in Hinduism. It is worn by the monks of the Theravada tradition.

Goldenrod[edit]

Goldenrod
 
Goldenrods in Fountain County, Indiana.png
Goldenrods in rural Fountain County, Indiana
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DAA520
sRGBB (r, g, b)(218, 165, 32)
HSV (h, s, v)(43°, 85%, 85%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(71, 83, 58°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color goldenrod is a representation of the color of some of the deeper gold colored goldenrod flowers.

The first recorded use of goldenrod as a color name in English was in 1915.[26]

Hunyadi yellow[edit]

Hunyadi yellow
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E8AC41
sRGBB (r, g, b)(232, 172, 65)
HSV (h, s, v)(38°, 72%, 91%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(74, 82, 54°)
SourceColorSwatches
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color Hunyadi yellow or Pear gold is represented on the Hunyadi coat of arms.

Giants orange[edit]

Giants orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FE5A1D
sRGBB (r, g, b)(254, 90, 29)
HSV (h, s, v)(16°, 89%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(60, 142, 19°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color Giants orange symbolizes, along with black and cream, the San Francisco Giants baseball team.

Persimmon[edit]

Persimmon
 
Persimmon (5092619745).jpg
A ripe persimmon fruit
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#EC5800
sRGBB (r, g, b)(236, 88, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(22°, 100%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(57, 132, 21°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[27]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Persimmon is a color that resembles persimmons.

The first recorded use of persimmon as a color name in English was in 1922.[28]

Butterscotch[edit]

Butterscotch
 
Butterscotch pudding (3045232908).jpg
Butterscotch pudding
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E09540
sRGBB (r, g, b)(224, 149, 64)
HSV (h, s, v)(32°, 71%, 88%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 82, 43°)
SourcePantone
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Butterscotch is a color that resembles butterscotch.

Persian orange[edit]

Persian orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D99058
sRGBB (r, g, b)(217, 144, 88)
HSV (h, s, v)(26°, 59%, 85%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(66, 71, 38°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Persian orange is a color used in pottery and Persian carpets in Iran.

The first recorded use of Persian orange as a color name in English was in 1892.[29]

Orange pudding (milk added to pureed oranges that is mixed in a blender with flour and slowly boiled on a stovetop) is colored Persian orange, assuming no food coloring is added. Allis-Chalmers tractors have been colored Persian orange since 1928 so that, even when caked with dirt, they could still be distinguished from landscape features.[30]

Alloy orange[edit]

Alloy orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C46210
sRGBB (r, g, b)(196, 98, 16)
HSV (h, s, v)(27°, 92%, 77%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 93, 30°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Alloy orange is one of the colors in the special set of metallic Crayola crayons called Metallic FX, the colors of which were formulated by Crayola in 2001.

Although this is supposed to be a metallic color, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a computer.

Burnt orange[edit]

Burnt orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BF5700
sRGBB (r, g, b)(191, 87, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(27°, 100%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 97, 27°)
SourceUniversity of Texas at Austin[31]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Burnt orange has been used as a color name for this medium dark shade of orange since 1915.[32]

This color is one variation that is used as a school color of The University of Texas at Austin, Auburn University, and Virginia Tech.

Burnt orange is not a standard color; for example, it is defined differently by Auburn University[33][34] and the University of Texas at Austin.[31][35] The National Hockey League's San Jose Sharks use burnt orange as a secondary color,[36] and it is one of three colors of the National Football League's Cleveland Browns.[37][38] The Chicago Bears also use it as an alternate color.

Burnt orange was used by the University of Montana prior to 1996[39] and Oklahoma State University for its football uniforms from 1973 through 1983.[40]

Burnt orange was popular in interior design in the 1970s.

Burnt orange is also used to colour cylinders filled with the refrigerant R407C.[citation needed]

Tiger’s eye[edit]

Tiger’s Eye
 
Tigers-Eye2.jpg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B56917
sRGBB (r, g, b)(181, 105, 23)
HSV (h, s, v)(31°, 87%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 78, 37°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color tiger’s eye is named for the tiger’s eye gemstone, so named because its banding resembles the eye of a tiger. This color was formulated by Crayola in 1994 as part of the Gem Tones set.

Brown[edit]

Brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#964B00
sRGBB (r, g, b)(150, 75, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(30°, 100%, 59%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(40, 72, 31°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Brown, although an independent color term, actually combines the orange hue (or close to orange) with low brightness. It can be described as an especially dark orange or, in painters' terminology, a deep shade of orange.

The first recorded use of brown as a color name in English was in about 1000 AD in the Metres of Boethius.[41][42]

Apricot Peach[edit]

Apricot Peach
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F8C8B0
sRGBB (r, g, b)(248, 200, 176)
HSV (h, s, v)(20°, 29%, 97%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(84, 40, 36°)
Source[2]
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale light grayish tangelo
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the Apricot Peach color.

Apricot Peach is a pale light grayish tangelo color.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the Golden Gate Bridge". Golden Gate Bridge. Archived from the original on 2015-08-10. Retrieved 2020-06-12.
  2. ^ Type the word "Orange" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  3. ^ "- Find a Pantone Color – Quick Online Color Tool". Pantone.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  4. ^ The color displayed in this color box matches the color called peach in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color peach is displayed on page 41, Plate 9, Color Sample A5.
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930--McGraw Hill Page 201; Color Sample of Peach: Page 41 Plate 9 Color Sample A5
  6. ^ The color displayed in this color box matches the color called apricot in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color apricot is displayed on page 43, Plate 10, Color Sample 7F.
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930—McGraw-Hill. See page 189 for year of first recorded use of color name reference and page 43, Plate 10 Color Sample 7F for color sample of Apricot.
  8. ^ "#fdbcb4 Color Information". colorhexa.com. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  9. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 199; Color Sample of Melon: Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample D10
  10. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 192; Color Sample: Carrot Orange Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample C11
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930--McGraw-Hill--Discussion of color Orange, Page 170
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Colour Sample: Orange Peel Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L10.
  13. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Princeton Orange: Page 41 Plate 9 Color Sample K11
  14. ^ "Color – Office of Communications". Princeton University. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
  15. ^ "Our Palette". University of Tennessee, Knoxville–Office of Communications & Marketing. October 24, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  16. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  17. ^ Nikolaev, 8Bytes studio, Koshevoy Dmitry. Ukraine. "HEX color #F28500, Color name: Tangerine, RGB(242,133,0), Windows: 34290. – HTML CSS Color". Htmlcsscolor.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  18. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample: Tangerine Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample H11
  19. ^ W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords. W3C. (May 2003). Retrieved on 21 September 2008.
  20. ^ X11 rgb.txt Archived May 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. XFree86. (February 1994). Retrieved on 21 September 2008.
  21. ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, Morris Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 193.; color sample of coral: Page 27, Plate 2, Color Sample J10.
  22. ^ The color displayed in this color box matches the color called pumpkin in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color pumpkin is displayed on page 43, Plate 10, Color Sample H11.
  23. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Pumpkin: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample H11
  24. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called saffron in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color saffron is displayed on page 43 Plate 10, Color Sample K8.
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color. New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Saffron: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample K8
  26. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Goldenrod: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L5
  27. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called persimmon in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color persimmon is displayed on page 35, Plate 6, Color Sample E12.
  28. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; Color Sample of Persimmon: Page 35 Plate 6 Color Sample E12
  29. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Persian orange: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample F10
  30. ^ Now called "Persian Orange No. 1" (Guy Fay, Andy Kraushaar, Original Allis-Chalmers, 1933–1957 2000:121; My Allis-Chalmers story
  31. ^ a b "Color". University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  32. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930—McGraw-Hill (see under Burnt Orange in Index, Page 191)
  33. ^ "Official Colors". Auburn University. August 10, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  34. ^ The shade of burnt orange used by Auburn University is RGB 221, 85, 12; HEX #DD550C.
  35. ^ The shade of burnt orange used by the University of Texas at Austin is Pantone 159; CMYK 0, 65, 100, 9; RGB 191, 87, 0; HEX #BF5700.
  36. ^ "Front Office Directory". San Jose Sharks. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  37. ^ "Glidden Team Colors: 8-oz. #NFL-171A NFL Cleveland Browns Orange Interior Paint Sample". The Home Depot. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  38. ^ The shade of orange used by the Cleveland Browns is RGB 240, 93, 53.
  39. ^ Moy, Chelsi (May 20, 2010). "UM President Dennison reflects on his legacy, MT". The Missoulian. Missoula, Montana. The Associated Press News Service.
  40. ^ Killackey, Jim (November 3, 1984). "It's Official! OSU's True School Color Will Be "PMS 166' Other Orange – Hues Taboo". The Daily Oklahoman. Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  41. ^ "brown, adj". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  42. ^ Maerz and Paul, Page 191