Shepeau Stow, Lincolnshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Shepeau Stow
Lawson's Mill - geograph.org.uk - 593054.jpg
Tower mill, Shepeau Stow
Shepeau Stow is located in Lincolnshire
Shepeau Stow
Shepeau Stow
Location within Lincolnshire
OS grid referenceTF306122
• London85 mi (137 km) S
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSpalding
Postcode districtPE12
PoliceLincolnshire
FireLincolnshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
52°41′32″N 0°04′05″W / 52.692356°N 0.067946527°W / 52.692356; -0.067946527Coordinates: 52°41′32″N 0°04′05″W / 52.692356°N 0.067946527°W / 52.692356; -0.067946527

Shepeau Stow is a hamlet in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated at the north-east edge of Whaplode civil parish, where it adjoins Crowland civil parish, and on the B1166 Hull's Drove road. Shepeau Stow is 7 miles (11 km) south-east from Spalding and 4 miles (6 km) east from Crowland.

The hamlet's school is Shepeau Stow Primary School on Dowsdale Bank.[1] In the 2012 latest Ofsted report, the school received an overall Grade 2 (Good), quality rating.[2]

History[edit]

The B1166 road from Shepeau Stow to Holbeach Drove to the east is the line of a 1241 fen drainage bank, the third of three constructed between Whaplode Drove to the north and Shepeau Stow. The resulting fen-drained common land was enclosed in 1819 under Enclosure Act.[3]

Shepeau Stow Mill in 1921

In 19th-century directories the hamlet was named 'Shephaystow' and 'Shephay Stowe'. In 1855 there existed a mill with miller, and the Red Last public house. By 1872 the mill housed a corn miller who was also a baker. There was a pub called the Mill Inn run by a victualler who was also a brewer and shopkeeper at the same premises. There was a blacksmith, and a shoemaker who also ran a beerhouse. 1885 listings included a publican at the Red Last Inn, a coal dealer, a farmer, a blacksmith, and a wind miller. By 1933 listed were two farmers, a saddler, a carpenter, and the publican at the Red Last. Within the hamlet was a Methodist chapel with seating for 300, while the surrounding area produced potatoes, wheat and other cereals, and "large quantities of geese fatted for the London and other markets."[4][5][6][7] The Red Last Inn was a brewery pub, extant in 1949, but now converted to a private dwelling.[8]

At the east of the hamlet on Drove Road are the Grade II listed late 18th-century remains of the tower mill.[9] The mill was working with four sails until the 1920s, but by the middle of the 1930s it had lost its roof and become a ruin.[10]

In 2015 late 19th-century 'T' plan barn buildings of hand made brick, "good examples of local rural vernacular architecture," were the subject of an historic building survey before a proposed redevelopment at Carter's Farm on Oxcroft Bank. The survey showed various stages of original building, which included a hay loft and wood partitions, with stable block and cattle shed with hayracks and feed troughs.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shepeau Stow Primary School", Directgov. Retrieved 21 March 2016
  2. ^ "Sturton by Stow Primary School", Ofsted, Retrieved 21 March 2016
  3. ^ "A Brief History of Whaplode Drove", Whaplode Parish Council. Retrieved 17 March 2016
  4. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1855, p.249
  5. ^ White’s History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire 1872, p.786
  6. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, p.705
  7. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1933, pp.603,604
  8. ^ "The Red Last Inn Shepeau Stow", Chain Bridge Forge Museum. Retrieved 17 March 2016
  9. ^ Historic England. "Windmill, Whaplode (1147706)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Shepeau Stow Mill, Whaplode", Lincolnshire County Council. Retrieved 17 March 2016
  11. ^ "Farm Buildings at Carter's Farm, Oxcroft Bank, Shepeau Stow", Lincs to the Past, Reference: MLI86934. Retrieved 17 March 2016

External links[edit]