Sidoarjo Regency

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Sidoarjo
Kabupaten Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Train Station
Official seal of Sidoarjo
Motto(s): 
Sidoarjo Bersih Hatinya
Location within East Java
Location within East Java
Interactive map outlining Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo is located in Java
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
Location in Java and Indonesia
Sidoarjo is located in Indonesia
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700
Country Indonesia
ProvinceEast Java
CapitalSidoarjo
Government
 • RegentAhmad Muhdlor Ali [id]
 • Vice RegentSubandi [id]
Area
 • Total714.24 km2 (275.77 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total2,033,760
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 31
Websitesidoarjokab.go.id

Sidoarjo Regency (Indonesia: Kabupaten Sidoarjo) is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. It is bordered by Surabaya city and Gresik Regency to the north, by Pasuruan Regency to the south, by Mojokerto Regency to the west and by the Madura Strait to the east. It has an area of 714.24 km², making it the smallest regency in East Java.[2]

As at the 2010 Census, Sidoarjo Regency had a population of 2,191,489;[3] while the 2020 Census showed a small decline to 2,033,760,[1] notably in the northern part of the regency immediately bordering Surabaya. The regency is part of the urban region surrounding Surabaya, known as 'Gerbangkertosusila' area.[4]

Administrative districts[edit]

Administration of Sidoarjo Regency

The Sidoarjo Regency is divided into eighteen administrative districts (kecamatan). The districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[3] and the 2020 Census.[1] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (desa and kelurahan) in each district and its post code.

Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010[3]
Pop'n
Census
2020[1]
No.
of
vill.
Post
code
Tarik 36.06 61,032 69,190 20 61265
Prambon 34.23 68,576 79,950 20 61264
Krembung 29.55 58,336 69,890 19 61275
Porong 29.82 64,390 73,450 19 61274
Jabon 81.00 49,567 56,270 15 61276
Tanggulangin 32.29 83,304 89,800 19 61272
Candi 40.67 145,155 153,420 24 61271
Tulangan 31.21 84,582 102,340 22 61273
Wonoayu 33.92 71,822 85,590 23 61261
Sukodono 32.68 110,596 121,860 19 61216
-61258
Sidoarjo 62.56 193,469 201,120 24 61212
-61234
Buduran 41.03 91,931 98,710 15 61252
Sedati 79.43 92,786 96,640 16 61253
Waru 30.32 231,309 200,750 17 61256
Gedangan 24.06 132,971 120,000 15 61254
Taman 31.54 213,224 207,820 24 61212
-61257
Krian 32.50 131,281 130,930 22 61262
Balongbendo 31.40 66,841 76,050 20 61263
Totals 714.244 2,191,489 2,033,760 353

Economy[edit]

As a satellite region and part of Greater Surabaya, Sidoarjo economy is valued 197.24 Trillion IDR in 2020 and the second-largest[5] in East Java after Surabaya.

Primary Sector

Although Sidoarjo territory is relatively small and densely populated, but primary sector is still maintain a role in Sidoarjo economy. Agriculture is mainly produced in western and south-western part of Sidoarjo mainly Tulangan District, Krembung District, and Balongbendo District. During colonial era, Sidoarjo was famous for sugarcane production and it was hosted several sugar mills owned by Colonial government. After Independence, Indonesia government nationalised all of sugar mills in Sidoarjo. Sugarcane production sector peaked in 70s and gradually declining since then, due to inflows of manufacturing investment and rapid urbanization that reduced sugarcane planting area. Today, agricultural crops that still produced in Sidoarjo are Rice, Banana, Papaya, Cassava, and several lowland vegetables.

Fisheries also still maintain a role. In the past, Sidoarjo is known as a fishing town but fishing sector are slowly declining as Sidoarjo became more urbanized. Today, fishing is replaced by aquaculture as a main source of fish in Sidoarjo. Highly productive aquaculture is mainly produced in eastern part of Sidoarjo and the main product is Milkfish and farmed shrimp that are mostly exported to US and Japan. Sidoarjo is also famous for its processed fisheries products, such as prawn cracker, fish cracker, shrimp paste and petis.

Mining sector could be neglected as it contributes very small to Sidoarjo economy. The main mining sector is natural gas, this commodities is produced in Porong District. There're also several sand miners that operated in Jabon District.

Secondary Sector

Manufacturing is a main sector of Sidoarjo economy with contribution nearly 40%. Sidoarjo manufacturing production is diversified and range from furniture to electronics products. There are numerous manufacturing plants in Sidoarjo. Among this are : Jatim Taman Steel (Steel Manufacturer), Avian (Paints and building material), Tunggal Djaja (Paints Production), Maspion (Household durable goods), Japfa Comfeed (Feedmills and poultry), Interbat (Pharmaceuticals), Integra (Furniture), Tjiwi Kimia (Paper), Kimberly-Clark's Softex (Non-durable consumer goods), Unicharm (Non-durable consumer goods), Polygon Bikes (Bikes), Alumindo (Aluminium products), Sekar Group (Food processing), Hisamitsu (Pharmaceutical), Lighting Solutions (Lamp), ECCO (Footwear), Samator (Industrial gas and chemicals), Bernofarm (Pharmaceutical), Muntjul Diamond (Vehicle body), Charoen Pokphand (Agribusiness) and many more.

There are thousands small and medium manufacturers established in Sidoarjo. Garments, Food Processing, Footwear, Apparel, and Furniture are products that usually produced by small and medium manufacturers in Sidoarjo. There are also many small and medium manufacturers that produces Traditional Herbs, Machinery, Packaging, and Metal products.

During colonial era, there are ten sugarmills in Sidoarjo and the oldest is Watu Tulis Sugarmills that built in 1838.[6] Today, there are remain three sugarmills that still operated in Sidoarjo. Among this are New Candi Sugarmills that built in 1911, Krembung Sugarmills, and Watu Tulis Sugarmills.

Tertiary Sector

The main tertiary sector in Sidoarjo are Wholesales and Retailers, Food Services, Education, and Financial Services. As Sidoarjo getting more urbanized, the tertiary sector is predicted to grow significantly. Fastest growth in tertiary sector is recording in experience-related services, such as Food Services (notably restaurant and cafe) and Movie Theater. Education Services is also predicted to grow, as several private tutoring companies are opening their branch in Sidoarjo and private school are gaining more students, due to increasingly population, income, and lack of capacity in state school.

Lapindo Mud flow[edit]

Since May 2006, more than 10,000 people in the Porong District have been displaced by the hot mud flowing from a natural gas well being drilled by Lapindo Brantas, an oil well company that is part of a conglomerate owned by Coordinating Minister for the People's Welfare Aburizal Bakrie.[7] Gas and hot mud started spewing from the well on May 28, when the drill penetrated a layer of liquid sediment. Attempts to pump concrete down the well did not stop the flow. While some scientists have speculated that the earthquake that struck Yogyakarta on May 27, the day before the well erupted, may have cracked the ground, creating potential pathways for the mud to reach the surface, others have suggested that the drilling procedure was faulty by not using a casing. This is likely to be incorrect as technical papers on the subject showed that there were up to four sets of casing installed and cemented in the well. Some 50,000 cubic metres of hot mud were erupting every day as of August; in September, the amount increased to some 125,000 cubic metres daily.[8] On September 26 barriers built to hold back the mud failed, resulting in the flooding of more villages. Gus Maksum, one of the thousands of Sidoarjo villagers displaced by the mud flow gives a detailed first-hand account of the first year of the disaster in his memoir Titanic Made By Lapindo.[9] As of late September 2006 scientists are saying that the eruption may be a mud volcano forming, and may be impossible to stop.[10][11][12]

Climate[edit]

Sidoarjo has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from May to November and heavy rainfall from December to April.

Climate data for Sidoarjo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.3
(70.3)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.3
(70.3)
22.2
(72.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 303
(11.9)
296
(11.7)
268
(10.6)
174
(6.9)
116
(4.6)
66
(2.6)
40
(1.6)
10
(0.4)
7
(0.3)
30
(1.2)
110
(4.3)
232
(9.1)
1,652
(65.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ East Java - Sidoarjo Archived 2006-09-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Mega Urbanization Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Perekonomian Kota Surabaya Terbesar di Jawa Timur pada 2020 | Databoks". databoks.katadata.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-12-09.
  6. ^ Hadi, Lukman. "Pabrik Gula di Sidoarjo Sudah Ada Jauh Sebelum Indonesia Merdeka - Surabaya Network". Pabrik Gula di Sidoarjo Sudah Ada Jauh Sebelum Indonesia Merdeka - Surabaya Network (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-12-09.
  7. ^ The Jakarta Post: Bakrie name at stake - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  8. ^ Katastrophen: Sintflut aus Matsch (Spiegel Online, in German) - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  9. ^ Gus Maksum's Titanic Made By Lapindo spotlights Sidoarjo - URL retrieved September 15, 2010
  10. ^ Mud volcano floods Java - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  11. ^ Indonesia mudflow breaks barriers, injures six - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  12. ^ New Indonesia Calamity: A Man-Made Mud Bath - URL retrieved October 6, 2006
  13. ^ "Climate: Sidoarjo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.

{Culinary} Sidoarjo has lots of worth to taste culinary. From sour and spicy, to sweet culinary. Sour food in Sidoarjo can described as fruity dish called Rujak. and the famous one is Lontong Kupang, Sate Kerang, and Lontong Balap which are very spicy. And Klepon is a sweet dessert wrapped by a coconut zest.