Sidoarjo Regency

Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sidoarjo
Kabupaten Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo Train Station
Official seal of Sidoarjo
Motto: 
Sidoarjo Bersih Hatinya
Location within East Java
Location within East Java
Map
Interactive map outlining Sidoarjo Regency
Sidoarjo is located in Java
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
Location in Java and Indonesia
Sidoarjo is located in Indonesia
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°27′S 112°42′E / 7.450°S 112.700°E / -7.450; 112.700
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
CapitalSidoarjo
Government
 • RegentH.Ahmad Muhdlor Ali [id]
 • Vice RegentSubandi [id]
Area
 • Total719.34 km2 (277.74 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total2,033,760
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 31
Websitesidoarjokab.go.id

Sidoarjo Regency (Javanese: ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦱꦶꦢꦲꦂꦗ, romanized: Kabupatèn Sidaharja) is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. It is bordered by Surabaya City and Gresik Regency to the north, by Pasuruan Regency to the south, by Mojokerto Regency to the west, and by the Madura Strait to the east. It has an area of 719.34 km2, making it the smallest regency in East Java.[1]

As at the 2010 census, Sidoarjo Regency had a population of 2,191,489[2] while the 2020 census showed a small decline to 2,033,760,[3] notably in the northern part of the regency immediately bordering Surabaya; the official estimate as at mid-2022 showed a further decline to 1,955,002 (comprising 979,567 males and 975,435 females).[1] The regency is part of the urban region surrounding Surabaya, known as the 'Gerbangkertosusila' area.[4]

Administrative districts[edit]

Administration of Sidoarjo Regency

The Sidoarjo Regency is divided into eighteen administrative districts (kecamatan). The districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census[2] and the 2020 census,[3] together with the official estimates as at mid 2022.[1] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages in each district (totaling 322 rural desa and 31 urban kelurahan), and its post code.

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
census
2010
Pop'n
census
2020
Pop'n
estimate
mid 2022
Admin
centre
No.
of
villages
Post
code
35.15.01 Tarik 39.73 61,032 69,189 66,144 Mergosari 20 61265
35.15.02 Prambon 29.89 68,576 79,952 76,446 Prambon 20 61264
35.15.03 Krembung 27.90 58,336 69,887 66,858 Mojoruntul 19 61275
35.15.04 Porong 30.71 64,390 73,446 69,271 Juwetkenongo 19 (a) 61274
35.15.05 Jabon 82.92 49,567 56,266 54,054 Dukuhsari 15 61276
35.15.06 Tanggulangin 29.78 83,304 89,804 85,476 Kalitengah 19 61272
35.15.07 Candi 42.86 145,155 153,423 149,219 Gelam 24 61271
35.15.09 Tulangan 31.31 84,582 102,339 97,960 Kenongo 22 61273
35.15.10 Wonoayu 30.29 71,822 85,586 81,395 Wonoayu 23 61261
35.15.14 Sukodono 32.85 110,596 121,859 118,447 Anggaswangi 19 61216
- 61258
35.15.08 Sidoarjo 62.03 193,469 201,120 191,247 Sidokumpul 24 (b) 61212
- 61234
35.15.15 Buduran 43.65 91,931 98,710 96,580 Banjarkemantren 15 61252
35.15.17 Sedati 79.23 92,786 96,636 93,061 Pulungan 16 61253
35.15.18 Waru 30.59 231,309 200,754 192,613 Janti 17 61256
35.15.16 Gedangan 24.01 132,971 120,003 116,034 Keboansikep 15 61254
35.15.13 Taman 31.36 213,224 207,815 197,892 Bebekan 24 (c) 61212
- 61257
35.15.11 Krian 25.89 131,281 130,930 126,718 Kraton 22 (d) 61262
35.15.12 Balongbendo 44.34 66,841 76,050 72,587 Wonokupang 20 61263
Totals 719.34 2,191,489 2,033,764 1,955,002 Sidoarjo 353

Notes: (a) comprising 6 kelurahan (Gedang, Jatirejo, Juwetkenongo, Mindi, Porong and Siring) and 13 desa.
(b) comprising 14 kelurahan (Bulusidokare, Celep, Cemengkalang, Gebang, Lemahputro, Magersari, Pekauman, Pucang,
Pucanganom, Sekardangan, Sidokare, Sidoklumpuk, Sidokumpul and Urangagung) and 8 desa.
(c) comprising 8 kelurahan (Bebekan, Geluran, Kalijaten, Ketegan, Ngelom, Sepanjang, Taman and Wonocolo) and 16 desa.
(d) including 3 kelurahan (Kemasan, Krian and Tambak Kemerakan).

Economy[edit]

As a satellite region and part of Greater Surabaya, the Sidoarjo economy is valued at 197.24 Trillion IDR in 2020 and is the second-largest[5] in East Java after Surabaya.

Primary Sector

Although Sidoarjo Regency's land area is relatively small and densely populated, the primary sector still maintains a role in Sidoarjo's economy. Agriculture is mainly produced in the western and southwestern parts of Sidoarjo Tulangan District, Krembung District, and Balongbendo District. During the colonial era, Sidoarjo was famous for sugarcane production and it hosted several sugar mills owned by the Colonial government. After Independence, the Indonesian government nationalised all sugar mills in Sidoarjo. The sugarcane production sector peaked in the 70s and gradually declined since then, due to inflows of manufacturing investment and rapid urbanization that reduced the sugarcane planting area. Today, crops that still produced in Sidoarjo are Rice, Banana, Papaya, Cassava, and several lowland vegetables.

Fisheries also still maintain a role. In the past, Sidoarjo was known as a fishing town, but the fishing sector was slowly declining as Sidoarjo became more urbanized. Today, fishing has been replaced by aquaculture as the main source of fish in Sidoarjo. Highly productive aquaculture is mainly produced in the eastern part of Sidoarjo Regency, and the main product is Milkfish and farmed shrimp which are mostly exported to the US and Japan. Sidoarjo is also famous for its processed fishery products, such as prawn cracker, fish cracker, shrimp paste and petis.

The mining sector could be neglected as it contributes very little to Sidoarjo economy. The main mining sector is natural gas, which is produced in Porong District. There are also several sand miners that operate in Jabon District.

Secondary Sector

Manufacturing is a main sector of the Sidoarjo economy with a contribution of nearly 40%. Sidoarjo manufacturing production is diversified and ranges from furniture to electronics products. There are numerous manufacturing plants in Sidoarjo. Among this are : Jatim Taman Steel (Steel Manufacturer), Avian (Paints and building material), Tunggal Djaja (Paints Production), Maspion (Household durable goods), Japfa Comfeed (Feedmills and poultry), Interbat (Pharmaceuticals), Integra (Furniture), Tjiwi Kimia (Paper), Kimberly-Clark's Softex (Non-durable consumer goods), Unicharm (Non-durable consumer goods), Polygon Bikes (Bikes), Alumindo (Aluminium products), Sekar Group (Food processing), Hisamitsu (Pharmaceutical), Lighting Solutions (Lamp), ECCO (Footwear), Samator (Industrial gas and chemicals), Bernofarm (Pharmaceutical), Muntjul Diamond (Vehicle body), Charoen Pokphand (Agribusiness) and many more.

There are thousands small and medium manufacturers established in Sidoarjo. Garments, Food Processing, Footwear, Apparel, and Furniture are products that usually produced by small and medium manufacturers in Sidoarjo. Many small and medium manufacturers produces Traditional Herbs, Machinery, Packaging, and Metal products.

During colonial era, there are ten sugarmills in Sidoarjo and the oldest is Watu Tulis Sugarmills that built in 1838.[6] Today, there are remain three sugarmills that still operated in Sidoarjo. Among this are New Candi Sugarmills that built in 1911, Krembung Sugarmills, and Watu Tulis Sugarmills.

Tertiary Sector

The main tertiary sectors in Sidoarjo are wholesaling and retailing, food services, education, and financial services. As Sidoarjo is getting more urbanized, the tertiary sector is predicted to grow significantly. The fastest growth in the tertiary sector is recording in experience-related services, such as food services (notably restaurant, cafe) and movie theater. Education Services are also predicted to grow, as several private tutoring companies are opening a branch in Sidoarjo and private schools are gaining more students, due to increasingly population, income, and lack of capacity in state schools.

Lapindo Mud flow[edit]

Since May 2006, more than 10,000 people in the Porong District have been displaced by the hot mud flowing from a natural gas well being drilled by Lapindo Brantas, an oil well company that is part of a conglomerate owned by Coordinating Minister for the People's Welfare Aburizal Bakrie.[7] Gas and hot mud started spewing from the well on May 28, when the drill penetrated a layer of liquid sediment. Attempts to pump concrete down the well did not stop the flow. While some scientists have speculated that the earthquake that struck Yogyakarta on May 27, the day before the well erupted, may have cracked the ground, creating potential pathways for the mud to reach the surface, others have suggested that the drilling procedure was faulty by not using a casing. This is likely to be incorrect as technical papers on the subject showed that there were up to four sets of casing installed and cemented in the well. Some 50,000 cubic metres of hot mud were erupting every day as of August; in September, the amount increased to some 125,000 cubic metres daily.[8] On September 26 barriers built to hold back the mud failed, resulting in the flooding of more villages. Gus Maksum, one of the thousands of Sidoarjo villagers displaced by the mud flow gives a detailed first-hand account of the first year of the disaster in his memoir Titanic Made By Lapindo.[9] As of late September 2006 scientists are saying that the eruption may be a mud volcano forming, and may be impossible to stop.[10][11][12]

Climate[edit]

Sidoarjo has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from May to November and heavy rainfall from December to April.

Climate data for Sidoarjo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
21.3
(70.3)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.3
(70.3)
22.2
(72.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 303
(11.9)
296
(11.7)
268
(10.6)
174
(6.9)
116
(4.6)
66
(2.6)
40
(1.6)
10
(0.4)
7
(0.3)
30
(1.2)
110
(4.3)
232
(9.1)
1,652
(65.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kabupaten Sidoarjo Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.3515)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Mega Urbanization Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Perekonomian Kota Surabaya Terbesar di Jawa Timur pada 2020 | Databoks". databoks.katadata.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-12-09.
  6. ^ Hadi, Lukman. "Pabrik Gula di Sidoarjo Sudah Ada Jauh Sebelum Indonesia Merdeka - Surabaya Network". Pabrik Gula di Sidoarjo Sudah Ada Jauh Sebelum Indonesia Merdeka - Surabaya Network (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-12-09.
  7. ^ The Jakarta Post: Bakrie name at stake - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  8. ^ Katastrophen: Sintflut aus Matsch (Spiegel Online, in German) - URL retrieved October 13, 2006
  9. ^ Gus Maksum's Titanic Made By Lapindo spotlights Sidoarjo - URL retrieved September 15, 2010
  10. ^ Mud volcano floods Java - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  11. ^ Indonesia mudflow breaks barriers, injures six - URL retrieved September 28, 2006
  12. ^ New Indonesia Calamity: A Man-Made Mud Bath - URL retrieved October 6, 2006
  13. ^ "Climate: Sidoarjo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.

{Culinary} Sidoarjo has lots of worth to culinary tastes, from sour and spicy, to sweet culinary. Sour food in Sidoarjo can be described as a fruity dish called Rujak, and the most famous ones are Lontong Kupang, Sate Kerang, and Lontong Balap which are very spicy. And Klepon is a sweet dessert wrapped by a coconut zest.