Sisowath Kossamak

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Sisowath Kossamak
Queen of Cambodia
Queen Sisowath Kossamak of Cambodia.JPG
Queen Mother of Cambodia
Reign 20 June 1960 – 9 October 1970
Queen consort of Cambodia
Tenure 2 March 1955 – 3 April 1960
Coronation 5 March 1955
Born 9 April 1904
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Died 27 April 1975(1975-04-27) (aged 71)
Beijing, China
Spouse Norodom Suramarit
(m. 1920–60; his death)
Issue Norodom Sihanouk
Full name
Preah Mahaksatriyani Sisowath Monivong Kossamak Nearirath Serey Vattana
House House of Sisowath (by birth)
House of Norodom (by marriage)
Father Sisowath Monivong
Mother Norodom Kanviman Norleak Tevi
Religion Buddhism

Preah Mahaksatriyani Sisowath Monivong Kossamak Nearirath Serey Vathana (Khmer: ព្រះមហាក្សត្រិយានី ស៊ីសុវត្ថិមុនីវង្ស កុសុមៈនារីរ័ត្នសេរីវឌ្ឍនា; 9 April 1904 – 27 April 1975) was the Queen consort of Cambodia from 1955 to 1960 by marriage to King Norodom Suramarit. Sisowath Kossamak was born Princess of Cambodia as the daughter of King Sisowath Monivong of Cambodia. After her husband's death, she became the symbol and representative of the monarchy while her son assumed his duties as Head of State.

Biography[edit]

Sisowath Kosamak married her father's cousin Norodom Suramarit in 1920. Upon the death of her father Monivong in 1941, Sihanouk, her son and Monivong's grandson, was selected as the new king. In the 1940s, she re-created the ancient apsara dance by educating her first grand daughter, Princess Norodom Bopha Devi, to become an apsara dancer.

In 1955, Sihanouk abdicated in favor of his father. Queen Kossamak enjoyed great respect and popularity: despite neither a monarch nor politically influential, she was said to exert great moral authority over the khmers, was described as generous to the poor and devoting herself to the welfare of the nation.[1] As queen, she received foreign guests and hosted state functions, were the royal ballet often performed.[2] Like her daughter-in-law, she was accused of promoting proteges to civil offices.[3] She was not on good terms with her daughter-in-law, princess Monique, which led to advisories blaming Monique for the sometime strained relationship between Kossamak and Sihanouk, and for Sihanouk alleged initial hesitance to abdicate as it would make his mother queen.[4]

Following Suramarit's death in 1960, Norodom Sihanouk again became head of state (although he did not formally regain the title of king until after other periods in 1993). There were suggestions of changing the constitution to allow for Kossamak to succeed as queen regnant and monarch in her own name, but the royal council was unwilling to allow it: her son Sihanouk stated that only God knew his reasons to why he did no wish his mother to succeed to the throne.[5]

Queen Kossamak continued in her representational role during the reign of her son as premier during the 1960s.[6] She also upheld her great popularity. In 1965, a serious conflict arouse, when an American paper published slander accusing her of greed and of managing brothels. This incident led to the attack of the American embassy in Phnom Penh and Sihanouk cutting diplomatic relations with the USA.

After the coup of 1970, Kossamak was forced to leave the royal palace by the new government and held in house arrest in a villa in the suburb. She was allowed to join her son in Beijing in China for health reasons in 1973. She died in China two years later.

Honour[edit]

Foreign honour[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  2. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  3. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  4. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  5. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  6. ^ Jacobsen, Trudy (2008). Lost Goddesses: The Denial of Female Power in Cambodian History. NIAS Press. ISBN 978-87-7694-001-0
  7. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1964." (PDF). 
Sisowath Kossamak
Born: 1904 Died: 27 April 1975
Preceded by
Norodom Monineath
Queen consort of Cambodia
3 March 1955 – 3 April 1960
Succeeded by
Norodom Monineath