||This article describes a work or element of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. (June 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Created by||Nic Broca|
|Theme music composer|
|Country of origin||Belgium
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||65 (108 segments plus an unaired pilot) (list of episodes)|
|Running time||12 minutes per episode
24 minutes per episode (later episodes)
|Distributor||Taft Broadcasting (original)
Worldvision Enterprises (former)
Great American Broadcasting (former)
Turner Entertainment (former)
Warner Bros. Television (current)
|First shown in||1982 (unaired 3 mins demo pilot)|
|Original release||September 15, 1984 – May 13, 1989|
Snorks is an animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera and ran for a total of four seasons (and 65 episodes) on NBC from September 15, 1984, to May 13, 1989. Although not as popular as its sister Hanna-Barbera cartoon The Smurfs, the program continued to be available in syndication from 1987 to 1989 as part of The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera's third season.
- 1 Origins
- 2 Synopsis
- 3 Characters
- 4 Episodes
- 5 Home media releases
- 6 Program Credits
- 7 Broadcast
- 8 In other languages
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early years (1977–81)
In 1977, Freddy Monnickendam, a Belgian businessman and artist, first made contact with the comics industry when he negotiated the rights for The Smurfs comics to Father Abraham. He later became the head of SEPP, the branch of Dupuis, as an editor responsible for the merchandising of Smurfs' comic series. He negotiated the contract between Peyo, NBC and Hanna-Barbera for the creation of a new Smurfs cartoon series. Peyo wanted the cartoon show to be as faithful as possible to his original comics, but Monnickendam wanted the series more mainstream and accessible. These negotiations would later result in a legal dispute between the two men due to the division of the rights and the money involved. As a final result, Monnickendam decided to compete with the Smurfs' success, starting a new series of cartoons.
Development, concept and first comic book (1981–84)
In June 1981, Nic Broca created the earlier character designs that were made for "Diskies", a very early iteration, made for the comic series Spirou et Fantasio. Soon, the debut Snorks comic book was published in January 1982 by Broca himself. Freddy Monnickendam, after battling with Peyo in court, searched for a series that could rival the success of the Smurfs, as he tried and failed to buy the rights to the Smurfs since 1977. He acquired the Snorks' rights from Nic Broca, and both started a partnership with Hanna-Barbera for the creation of a new cartoon series. After that, a three-minute Snorks pilot episode was then made for NBC, although this episode has not been seen by the public.
Premiere as cartoon series (1984–89)
The Snorks cartoon series premiered in September 15, 1984 and ended in May 13, 1989. It aired for five years. Unlike Monnickendam had hoped, he wasn't able to take the Snorks' success to the same heights as the Smurfs animated series, which resulted on the end of his partnership with Nic Broca, and finally, the disbanding of SEPP. Although the Snorks' success was limited, the cartoon show gained fans worldwide, making appearances in popular culture and gaining various product lines.
The Snorks are a race of small, colorful beings that live happily in the undersea world of Snorkland. They have snorkels on their heads, which are used to propel them swiftly through the water. As evidenced by the cartoon series, when a Snork becomes excited their tube makes a "snork" sound. They have much of the same technology as contemporary humans, adapted to their own aquatic environment. The Snorks use clams as currency ("clams" is also a slang term for money).
According to the Snork back-story, which was described in the show's first opening theme, a few ventured to the surface (which the Snorks believe is "outer space") in 1643, and watched a Royal Navyship of the Spanish Armada being attacked by pirates. The captain wound up in the water, and that was the first contact between the species when the Snorks saved his life, to which the captain then expressed his gratitude by writing down the encounter in his logbook, although very few humans believe in the existence of the Snorks. Since then, Snorks have adopted several human habits, such as wearing clothes.
There are a few episodes which have human encounters with the Snorks. In the episode "Allstar's Freshwater Adventure", the Snorks (who are saltwater snorks) meet freshwater snorks. Freshwater snorks have two snorkels on their head and a distinctive biochemistry from saltwater snorks.
- Allstar Seaworthy (voiced by Michael Bell) – An athletic, yellow-skinned, male Snork, generally considered to be the hero of the series. He is smart, brave and generous, usually serving as the leader of his gang during their various adventures. Allstar has a big interest, and excels, in science and inventions, much like his uncle, Dr. Galeo Seaworthy. Whenever Allstar reaches a "light bulb moment", his belt buckle would start to spin, giving him a "starbright idea". He is Casey's love interest, and used to be best friends with Junior when they were younger. He has a baby sister named Smallstar. Allstar has once joked that he will never understand female Snorks in the episode "Learn to Love Your Snork" when he fails to understand why Casey is upset.
- Casey Kelp (voiced by B.J. Ward) – A light-pink-skinned, female Snork with reddish hair tied up into bunches by green hair bows. Usually wears a green midriff shirt and matching pants. Intelligent, brave, and kind-hearted. Casey will defend anyone, Snork or Sea Creature who she think that they are either getting picked on or who is in danger. Also pretty good at drawing. Once upset about her "giant" snork and goes out of her way to hide/shrink it. She is Allstar's love interest and Daffney's best friend. However, in season 4, in the episode "Snorkerella" Casey has a big crush on a star Snorkball player named Stevie and eventually becomes his date for the school prom, making her relationship with Allstar seem nonexistent; she also appears to have a crush on Junior in the episode "The Day They Fixed Junior Wetworth" where she kissed him.
- Wellington Wetworth, Jr. aka "Junior" (voiced by Barry Gordon) – An orange-skinned, male Snork with bluish hair who is a spoiled snob that takes after his parents, especially his Governor father. Before Bigweed becomes the villain in season 3, Junior is seen as minor villain-like, due to his rude snobbish attitude towards other Snorks, especially Allstar and his gang. He constantly seeks wealth, status, and to outperform Allstar, whom he frequently calls "Allwet", in everything. Usually learns his lesson at the end of the episode. Used to be best friends with Allstar when he was younger until standing up for himself went to his head. During the first two seasons (especially the fourth season), he appears to have a crush on Casey (that in season 4, she kissed him), but starting from season 3 he is often seen with Daffney, and hangs out more with Allstar's gang.
- Tooter Shelby (vocal effects provided by Frank Welker) – A green-skinned, good-natured male Snork with dark green hair who is affected by aphasia and can "communicate" only through "tooting" and "beeping". His parents do not share this language disorder, although Tooter's mom has a lisp. Nevertheless, he is well loved by his friends who seem to have no problem understanding him. He has the ability to communicate with some of the sealife. He has once fallen in love with another tooting Snork named Tadah.
- Daffney Gillfin (voiced by Nancy Cartwright) – A pretty, coral-colored, dark-haired female Snork who wears a bob haircut and a red star-shaped hairpin. Always concerned with her looks, but has a good heart deep down. She won the title of "Miss Junior Snorkland" in a beauty pageant with the help of Yucky, a baby rainbow swan fish (much like The Ugly Duckling). With a talent in fine arts, Daffney becomes star of the show as the understudy for Tallulah Bankfish (a famous Broadway theatre actress from New Snork City) in a play, and has entered a piece of sculpture for an art show. She is best friends with Casey and Dimmy's love interest before he is written out. Also has a good relationship with Jo-Jo (who once calls Daffney "Alberta Einsnork"), and Lil Seaweed, with whom she shares fashion tips and works as fellow trapeze artists in a circus once.
- Dimitris "Dimmy" Finster (voiced by Brian Cummings) – An athletic, orange-skinned, male Snork, Dimmy fancies himself to be a comedian as well as a fighter, but his attempts usually lead to awkward results. Has learned ballet from Daffney to improve his Snorkball skills. He also has a big appetite, and hates being called by his full name. He is Allstar's good friend and Daffney's love interest, although he is temporarily replaced by Jo-Jo as Daffney's date to the debutante ball and becomes jealous. Once had a crush on a little mermaid whom he saved from a storm and the evil Dr. Strangesnork. From the beginning of the season 3, he is written out of the storylines for unknown reasons, but he does make some cameo appearances.
- Corky (voiced by Rob Paulsen) – An orange-skinned, male Snork. He works as the Snork Patrol Officer, a dedicated defender of Snorkland and quite a workaholic. He drives a multi-functional submarine, and his home is filled with all kinds of medals he has won for heroic achievements. He is liked by all Snorks and gets along well with Allstar and his friends.
- Occy (vocal effects provided by Frank Welker) – Allstar's red male pet octopus. He was once owned by Junior until the latter abandoned him. Occy never gets along well with Junior and will go out of his way to embarrass and/or chase Junior. Conversely, Occy is very loyal to Allstar. A multi-instrumentalist, Occy has held a sold-out concert to help Allstar raise money for the heavily in-debt Dr. Galeo. He is the show's only non Snork main character.
- Jo-Jo (voiced by Roger DeWitt) – A strong, fearless, tan-skinned male Snork who grew up and lives in the wild, the Snork equivalent of Tarzan. Unlike his friends in Snorkland, Jo-Jo has two snorks, making him faster and stronger than all others, but he does not like to be taken just as a "big, brave, simple-hearted hunk". He loves freedom and all the wild sealife, which he is able to communicate with and tame. He is sometimes a bit uncomfortable with the "civilization", which he thinks is "too much" for him. On the other hand, Jo-Jo seems to enjoy the prehisnorkic era quite a lot, and falls instantly in love with Daffnork (a prehisnorkic version of Daffney). He becomes Daffney's date to the debutante ball after saving her life. Also assists Corky in helping others from time to time.
- Fengy – A dogfish and Jo-Jo's companion since he was a child.
- Willie Wetworth (voiced by Fredricka Weber) – An orange-skinned boy Snork, younger brother of Junior, who often mistreats him yet is still someone Willie looks up to and whose words Willie often repeats. He is the opposite of Junior — nice, kind, warm-hearted, and well liked by all. He is friends with Smallstar.
- Governor Wellington Wetworth (voiced by Frank Nelson in Season 1 and 2, Barry Gordon in Season 3) – An orange-skinned, male Snork with lavender colored hair. Vain and egocentric, Governor Wetworth is a stereotypical politician who generally evades blames and takes undue credit, thus disliked by the majority of Snorks. As Junior and Willie's father, he wants Junior to follow in his steps and often turns a blind eye to Junior's misbehavior until trouble arises. Dislikes Dr. Galeo, Allstar and his gang for stealing the spotlight. He is also a younger brother to Captain Long John, a kindly, old pirate who's friends with Allstar and Casey. Governor Wetworth often forgets and messes up his public speeches. Occasionally shows a good side of himself by donating to charity and encouraging Junior to earn his own money for buying a car.
- Dr. Galeo Seaworthy (voiced by Clive Revill) – A purple-skinned, bespectacled male Snork with white hair and a moustache. A scientist and inventor, he has saved Snorktown numerous times from villains and disasters with his contraptions, whose occasional kinks also serve as a running gag throughout the series. He is Allstar's uncle, brother to Dr. Strangesnork, and a friend to Allstar's gang, often providing them with various devices for their adventures. He has successfully built a time machine which helps his prehisnorkic friend Ork get back home.
- Mr. Seaworthy (voiced by Bob Holt) – A yellow-skinned, male Snork. He is Allstar and Smallstar's father, and manager of the Snorkland Steam Plant, responsible for providing energy for buildings and automobiles, as well as heat for heating and cooking needs for the residents of Snorktown.
- Smallstar Seaworthy (voiced by Gail Matthius) – A yellow-skinned, female, infant Snork. She is Allstar's baby sister and friends with Willie. She appears to be very naughty and has once vandalized Governor Wetworth's monument and doodled on his face with Casey's red crayon.
- Mrs. Seaworthy (voiced by Edie McClurg) – A bespectacled, yellow-skinned, pink-haired female Snork, Allstar and Smallstar's mother. Owns a beautiful, expensive blue coral necklace passed down to her through many generations in her family.
- Mr. Kelp (voiced by Robert Ridgely) – A light-pink-skinned, red-haired, bespectacled male Snork and Casey's father. Owner of the Kelps store.
- Mrs. Kelp (voiced by Joan Gerber) – A light-pink-skinned, female Snork and Casey's mother.
- Auntie Marina (voiced by Mitzi McCall) – A light-pink-skinned, female Snork with reddish hair, Casey's aunt. Passionate about acting and theatre, and good friends with the famous actress Tallulah Bankfish.
- Mrs. Wetworth (voiced by Joan Gardner) – A female Snork with bluish hair, Junior and Willie's mother. She's usually seen correcting her husband, Governor Wetworth, during his speech, as he tends to either forget his words or misspeak.
- Grandpa Wetworth (voiced by Frank Welker) – An orange-skinned Snork. He's Junior and Willie's grandfather and Wellington Wetworth's father. Grandpa Wetworth is a smart trickster that acts as if he knows less than what he does. He's an elderly male that is young at heart and in spirit, as well as being technologically savvy. Junior always tries to surpass him in tricks but Grandpa Wetworth is always one step ahead. He's liked by all and likes Allstar and his friends.
- Ms. Seabottom (voiced by Edie McClurg) – A yellow-skinned, bespectacled female Snork. She is a high school teacher and appears to be the only teacher to take the students on field trips.
- Matilda (Voiced by Mitzi McCall) – An overzealous female Snork with long blond hair and a mole next to her left eye. She is seen as a cheerleader during a game and enjoys dancing a lot. She has a big crush on Junior, who tries to avoid her but never seems to succeed.
- Tadah (vocal effects provided by B.J. Ward) – A pink colored tooting snork from the southern snork town of Snork Fort. She only makes an appearance in "Tooter Loves Tadah". Tooter develops a crush on her, although she is being controlled by her guardian/boyfriend Toobah. Toobah notices this, and he holds a contest, and whoever wins will take Tadah to the school dance. Tooter tries winning, but Tadah is not easily impressed because she feels he's no different from Toobah. Near the end of the episode, Toobah changes his mind and allows Tadah to go to the dance with Tooter.
- SNIP and SNAP – A pair of robo-Snorks, with SNIP being male and SNAP female. They were created by Bigweed in order to get rid of Corky and thus taking over Snorkland. They pretend to be UFOs upon first appearance. After successfully framing Corky and making him leave, they allow Bigweed and Lil Seaweed to take over Snorkland. Then with a change of heart and SNAP being dismantled by a furious Lil Seaweed, SNIP helps Corky and Allstar's gang get rid of Bigweed and Lil Seaweed. Later, Dr. Galeo manages to rebuild SNAP and create a communication device that allows SNIP and SNAP to make sounds of basic words.
- The Council of Elders (voiced by Peter Cullen and Michael Bell) – A group of 4 Snork Elders who are the true leaders of Snorkland and are mostly seen in the shadows. They are known to keep Governor Wellington Wetworth in check.
- Dr. Strangesnork "Seaworthy" (voiced by René Auberjonois) – A purple-skinned, male Snork who has white hair adorned with black lightning-shaped streaks. He is a villainous and absent-minded mad scientist, often forgetting his own name. He attempts to take over Snorkland with various schemes and inventions. He is jealous of his brother, Dr. Galeo, and wants to take revenge upon him and his nephew, Allstar.
- Bigweed (voiced by Michael Bell) – The main villain of the series since season 3. He is supposed to be a large, green, seaweed-like creature with magical abilities, such as disguising himself as a Snork or any other form of sealife. Seeks to take over Snorkland and enslave the Snorks, but always ends up being outwitted. His hair turns out to be an important ingredient to cure Allstar's rare disease at one point. At the end of season 4 is friendship with Allstar.
- Lil Seaweed (voiced by B.J. Ward) – Bigweed's female sidekick who wears a red hair bow and makeup. Same species as Bigweed with similar magical abilities but on a lower level. About the same age as Allstar and his friends. Later on, she is forced by Snorkland Social Services to attend school because of her age. Although Bigweed calls her "klutz", the two share a strong bond. Lil Seaweed also forms a secret friendship with Daffney.
- Weed and Wood – Bigweed's two buddies and secondary sidekicks.
- The Great Snork Nork (voiced by Frank Welker) – An indigo-colored vampire Snork and the Snork equivalent of Count Dracula. Unlike others, his snork is on the front of his face, turning downward like an elephant's trunk. He has fangs and sleeps like a bat, hanging upside-down from the ceiling. He hates and avoids light at all cost. He has magical abilities and can hurl electrical bolts from his hands. He wants to take over Snorkland and is always accompanied by two sidekicks, who are miniature versions of him minus the magical abilities. Even though he only appears in two episodes in Season 3, he is always shown in the title sequence.
- The Snork-Eaters (Various Voices) – Large red creatures known to prey off Snorks. The only thing that scares them is a type of fish called Snork-Eater Eaters, with tiny bodies and enormous mouths. In addition, King Neptune also has the power to banish Snork-Eaters.
- Serena the Mermaid – A Snork-sized tiny mermaid with long blonde hair. She is saved from a storm and later from Dr. Strangesnork by Dimmy, and is transformed into regular mermaid size by Dr. Strangesnork's enlarging machine. No longer worried about her size, she returns with her friends to the mermaid world after giving Casey one of her hair accessories and kissing Dimmy on the cheek.
- King Neptune – A character from Ancient Greek mythology serving as the ruler of the sea Poseidon. He's portrayed as a merman who controls the rise and fall of tides with a magical conch shell. Most Snorks believed King Neptune was a myth until he appears after losing his magical conch shell which is later found by Willie. King Neptune is also shown to have the ability to banish Snork-Eaters
- Esky – A green-colored male Snork who lives in the Snork Pole. He wears winter clothing and accessories like all the other inhabitants of his area. Although lacking in self-confidence, he is a brave, responsible, and the fastest Snork in his area, having once saved his town and Allstar's gang from the Snork-Eaters with the help of a friendly Snork-Eater Eater fish.
- Ebb – A good-natured, cream-colored Snork with a protruding front tooth who snorks and talks backwards. Shunned for his eccentricities in his hometown, Ebb left and settled down in a deserted, run-down reef in Snorkland. Initially mistaken by Allstar and his gang to be a faceless Snork monster, he befriends them and becomes an excellent snorkerang player. However, his new home is set to be rebuilt into a clamdominium by Governor Wetworth. Allstar's gang then plays a trick and makes the place appear haunted, and Ebb accidentally "saves" the Governor's life by chasing the "monsters" away. He is thus rewarded with a nice reef-top apartment for his "heroic deeds".
- Ork – A prehisnorkic Snork with long red hair, who has been frozen in an ice cube for two million years and discovered by Dr. Galeo, Daffney and Jo-Jo. The Snork equivalent of a Stone Age caveman, Ork has poor grammar skills, dresses like Jo-Jo, and is deeply homesick when trapped in the "modern" Snorkland. However, having lived in the modern days for two months, he experiences a bit of a "culture shock" when he finally returns home via Galeo's time machine. Claiming that things are no longer what he remembers them to be, Ork decides to go back to Snorkland with his new friends.
- The Snork-Eater Eater – A small orange fish that can commune with the Snorks. Its mouth can be opened and expanded to a great extent, catered specifically to devouring Snork-Eaters.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||13||September 15, 1984||December 8, 1984|
|2||10||September 14, 1985||November 16, 1985|
|3||13||September 12, 1987||December 5, 1987|
|4||29||September 10, 1988 (USA Network)
September 12, 1988 (American Broadcasting Company)
|January 14, 1989 (USA Network)
December 2, 1988 (American Broadcasting Company)
Home media releases
On September 25, 2012, Warner Archive released Snorks: The Complete First Season on DVD in region 1 as part of their Hanna–Barbera Classics Collection label. The release is available exclusively through Warner's online store and Amazon.com. In addition, 39 episodes have been released on Hulu per a distribution agreement with Content Media Corporation. On July 7, 2015, Warner Archive released Snorks: The Complete Second Season on DVD in region 1. On December 6, 2016, Warner Archive released "Snorks: The Complete Third and Fourth Seasons".
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|The Complete First Season||13||September 25, 2012|
|The Complete Second Season||10||July 7, 2015|
|The Complete Third and Fourth Seasons||42||December 6, 2016|
- Executive Producers: Joseph Barbera, William Hanna, Freddy Monnickendam
- Producer: Gerard Baldwin
- Associate Producer: Larry Latham
- Story Editor: John Bradford
- Supervising Director: Ray Patterson
- Director: Carl Urbano
- Assistant Director: Bob Goe, Don Lusk, Don Patterson
- Story Direction: Ron Campbell, Bob Curtis, Floyd Norman, Chris Otsuki
- Recording Director: Gordon Hunt
- Animation Casting Director: Andrea Romano
- Voices: Michael Bell, Nancy Cartwright
Snorks was originally broadcast in the United States on NBC from 1984 to 1991. The series was in syndication from 1986 through 2002. The series has been broadcast on a number of other American networks, including on USA Network (1990–1992), TBS (1991–2003), Cartoon Network (1992–2007, 2010–2012) and Boomerang (2000–2015). The series is also broadcast internationally.
In other languages
- "Nic Broca | Lambiek Comiclopedia". Lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- "Chronologie des Aventures de Spirou & Fantasio". Spirou.perso.free.fr. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- "Les snorky -pub- Snorkels". Bedetheque.com. 2014-09-21. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- Bailey, Elizabeth (May 1, 1988). "Snorks and popples". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- David Perlmutter (2014-03-18). "America Toons In: A History of Television Animation". Books.google.co.uk. p. 182. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- "The Snorks DVD news: Announcement for The Snorks - The Complete 1st Season". TVShowsOnDVD.com. 2012-09-25. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- "The Snorks DVD news: Release Date for Snorks - The Complete 2nd Season". TVShowsOnDVD.com. 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- "Snorks: The Complete Third and Fourth Seasons". Amazon.com.