Spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

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Spouse of the Prime Minister
of the United Kingdom
Philip May.jpg
Incumbent
Philip May

since 13 July 2016
Residence 10 Downing Street
Inaugural holder The 1st Lady Walpole
Formation 4 April 1721

The spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the wife or husband of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. To date, there have been forty-four women and two men who have been married to British prime ministers in office. There have also been four bachelor and nine widower prime ministers; the last bachelor was Edward Heath (1970–1974) and the last widower was Ramsay MacDonald (1924, 1929–1935). The Duke of Grafton (1766–1768) is the only Prime Minister to have divorced and remarried while in office. The spouse of the present Prime Minister is Philip May, the husband of Theresa May.

Role and duties[edit]

The role of the British prime minister's spouse is not an official office and, as such, they are not given a salary or official duties. Some spouses, such as Norma Major, have chosen to remain very much in the background,[citation needed] although over time the position has evolved and others, such as Cherie Blair, have gained public attention through their own independent careers and achievements, as well as attending engagements such as the African First Ladies Summit.[1] The role also includes playing host at 10 Downing Street during state visits and ceremonial functions.[citation needed] Samantha Cameron hosted a street party at Downing Street to celebrate the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton.[citation needed] The prime ministerial spouse has gained more media attention over time especially concerning fashion and when attending functions such as national conference and at summit meetings,[citation needed] and though their role is not official, staff are appointed to help who form part of the Prime Minister's Office.[citation needed] Isabel Spearman is the current advisor to the husband of the Prime Minister.[citation needed]

Cherie Blair, with Cate Haste, wrote a book about recent prime ministerial spouses, The Goldfish Bowl: Married to the Prime Minister, 1955–1997, in 2005.[2]

List of spouses[edit]

Portrait Spouse Date of birth Date of marriage Prime Minister Date tenure began Age at tenure start Date tenure ended Date of death
Portrait of Lady Walpole Catherine, Lady Walpole
(née Shorter)[3]
1682 30 July 1700 Robert Walpole 4 April 1721 38–39 years 20 August 1737 20 August 1737
(Aged 54–55)
No image.svg Maria, Lady Walpole
(née Skerrett)[4]
1702 3 March 1738 Robert Walpole 3 March 1738 35–36 years 4 June 1738 4 June 1738
(Aged 35–36)
None (widower) Robert Walpole 4 June 1738 11 February 1742
None (bachelor) Earl of Wilmington 16 February 1742 2 July 1743
No image.svg Catherine Pelham
(née Manners)[5]
1706 29 October 1726 Henry Pelham 27 August 1743 Unknown 6 March 1754 18 February 1780
Portrait of Harriet Pelham-Holles Harriet Pelham-Holles
(née Godolphin)[6]
1701 2 April 1717 Duke of Newcastle 16 March 1754 52–53 years 16 November 1756 17 July 1776
(Aged 74–75)
None[a] (widower) Duke of Devonshire 16 November 1756 25 June 1757
Portrait of Harriet Pelham-Holles Harriet Pelham-Holles
(née Godolphin)[6]
1701 2 April 1717 Duke of Newcastle 2 July 1757 55–56 years 26 May 1762 17 July 1776
(Aged 74–75)
Portrait of Mary Stuart Mary Stuart
(née Montagu)[8]
19 January 1718 24 August 1736 Earl of Bute 26 May 1762 44 years 8 April 1763 6 November 1794
(Aged 76)
No image.svg Elizabeth Grenville[b]
(née Wyndham)[9]
14 June 1726 1 May 1749 George Grenville 16 April 1763 36 years 13 July 1765 5 December 1769
(Aged 43)
Portrait of Mary Watson-Wentworth Mary Watson-Wentworth
(née Liddell)[10]
1735 26 February 1752 Marquess of Rockingham 13 July 1765 29–30 years 30 July 1766 19 December 1804
(Aged 68–69)
Portrait of Hester Pitt Hester Pitt[c]
(née Grenville)[11]
8 November 1720 16 October 1754 Earl of Chatham 30 July 1766 45 years 14 October 1768 9 April 1803
(Aged 82)
Portrait of Anne FitzRoy Anne FitzRoy[d]
(née Liddell)[12]
1737 29 January 1756 Duke of Grafton 14 October 1768 30–31 years 23 March 1769 1804
(Aged 66–67)
Portrait of Elizabeth FitzRoy Elizabeth FitzRoy
(née Wrottesley)[13]
1 November 1745 24 June 1769 Duke of Grafton 24 June 1769 23 years 28 January 1770 25 May 1822
(Aged 76)
Portrait of Anne North Anne North
(née Speke)[14]
1741 20 May 1756 Lord North 28 January 1770 28–29 years 22 March 1782 1797
(Aged 55–56)
Portrait of Mary Watson-Wentworth Mary Watson-Wentworth
(née Liddell)[10]
1735 26 February 1752 Marquess of Rockingham 27 March 1782 46–47 years 1 July 1782 19 December 1804
(Aged 68–69)
No image.svg Louisa Petty[e]
(née FitzPatrick)[16]
1755 19 July 1779 Earl of Shelburne 4 July 1782 26–27 years 2 April 1783 7 August 1789
(Aged 33–34)
Portrait of Dorothy Bentinck Dorothy Bentinck[f]
(née Cavendish)[17]
27 August 1750 8 November 1766 Duke of Portland 2 April 1783 32 years 19 December 1783 3 June 1794
(Aged 43)
None (bachelor) William Pitt the Younger 19 December 1783 14 March 1801
No image.svg Ursula Addington
(née Hammond)[18]
Unknown 19 September 1781 Henry Addington 17 March 1801 Unknown 10 May 1804 28 June 1811
None (bachelor) William Pitt the Younger 10 May 1804 23 January 1806
Portrait of Anne Grenville Anne Grenville
(née Pitt)[19]
September 1772 18 July 1792 Baron Grenville 11 February 1806 33 years 31 March 1807 June 1864
(Aged 91)
None[g] (widower) Duke of Portland 31 March 1807 4 October 1809
No image.svg Jane Perceval
(née Wilson)[20]
21 September 1788 10 August 1790 Spencer Perceval 4 October 1809 21 years 11 May 1812 14 August 1852
(Aged 63)
Portrait of Louisa Jenkinson Louisa Jenkinson
(née Hervey)[21]
1767 25 March 1795 Earl of Liverpool 8 June 1812 44–45 years 12 June 1821 12 June 1821
(Aged 53–54)
No image.svg Mary Jenkinson
(née Chester)[22]
24 June 1777 24 September 1822 Earl of Liverpool 24 September 1822 45 years 9 April 1827 18 October 1846
(Aged 69)
No image.svg Joan Canning
(née Scott)[23]
1776 8 July 1800 George Canning 10 April 1827 50–51 years 8 August 1827 14 March 1837
(Aged 60–61)
No image.svg Sarah Robinson
(née Hobart)[24]
22 February 1793 1 September 1814 Viscount Goderich 31 August 1827 34 years 21 January 1828 9 April 1867
(Aged 74)
No image.svg Catherine Wellesley
(née Pakenham)[25]
14 January 1773 10 April 1806 Duke of Wellington 22 January 1828 55 years 16 November 1830 24 April 1831
(Aged 58)
Portrait of Mary Grey Mary Grey
(née Ponsonby)[26]
4 March 1776 18 November 1794 Earl Grey 22 November 1830 54 years 9 July 1834 26 November 1861
(Aged 85)
None[h] (widower) Viscount Melbourne 16 July 1834 14 November 1834
None[i] (widower) Duke of Wellington 14 November 1834 10 December 1834
Portrait of Julia, Lady Peel Julia, Lady Peel
(née Floyd)[28]
1795 8 June 1820 Robert Peel 10 December 1834 38–39 years 8 April 1835 27 October 1859
(Aged 63–64)
None[h] (widower) Viscount Melbourne 18 April 1835 30 August 1841
Portrait of Julia, Lady Peel Julia, Lady Peel
(née Floyd)[28]
1795 8 June 1820 Robert Peel 30 August 1841 45–46 years 29 June 1846 27 October 1859
(Aged 63–64)
Portrait of Frances Russell Frances Russell[j]
(née Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound)[30]
15 November 1815 20 July 1841 Lord John Russell 30 June 1846 30 years 21 February 1852 17 January 1898
(Aged 82)
Portrait of Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley
(née Bootle-Wilbraham)[31]
17 March 1805 31 May 1825 Earl of Derby 23 February 1852 46 years 17 December 1852 1876
(Aged 70–71)
None[k] (widower) Earl of Aberdeen 19 December 1852 30 January 1855
Portrait of Emily Temple Emily Temple[l]
(née Lamb)[33]
1787 16 December 1839 Viscount Palmerston 6 February 1855 67–68 years 19 February 1858 1869
(Aged 81–82)
Portrait of Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley
(née Bootle-Wilbraham)[31]
17 March 1805 31 May 1825 Earl of Derby 20 February 1858 52 years 11 June 1859 1876
(Aged 70–71)
Portrait of Emily Temple Emily Temple[l]
(née Lamb)[33]
1787 16 December 1839 Viscount Palmerston 12 June 1859 71–72 years 18 October 1865 1869
(Aged 81–82)
Portrait of Frances Russell Frances Russell[j]
(née Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound)[30]
15 November 1815 20 July 1841 Earl Russell 29 October 1865 49 years 26 June 1866 17 January 1898
(Aged 82)
Portrait of Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley Emma Caroline Smith-Stanley
(née Bootle-Wilbraham)[31]
17 March 1805 31 May 1825 Earl of Derby 28 June 1866 61 years 25 February 1868 1876
(Aged 70–71)
Portrait of Mary Anne Disraeli Mary Anne Disraeli[m]
(née Evans)[34]
11 November 1792 28 August 1839 Benjamin Disraeli 27 February 1868 75 years 1 December 1868 15 December 1872
(Aged 80)
Portrait of Catherine Gladstone Catherine Gladstone
(née Glynne)[35]
6 January 1812 25 July 1839 William Ewart Gladstone 3 December 1868 56 years 17 February 1874 14 June 1900
(Aged 88)
None[n] (widower) Benjamin Disraeli 20 February 1874 21 April 1880
Portrait of Catherine Gladstone Catherine Gladstone
(née Glynne)[35]
6 January 1812 25 July 1839 William Ewart Gladstone 23 April 1880 68 years 9 June 1885 14 June 1900
(Aged 88)
No image.svg Georgina Gascoyne-Cecil
(née Alderson)[36]
1827 11 July 1857 Marquess of Salisbury 23 June 1885 57–58 years 28 January 1886 20 November 1899
(Aged 71–72)
Portrait of Catherine Gladstone Catherine Gladstone
(née Glynne)[35]
6 January 1812 25 July 1839 William Ewart Gladstone 1 February 1886 74 years 20 July 1886 14 June 1900
(Aged 88)
No image.svg Georgina Gascoyne-Cecil
(née Alderson)[36]
1827 11 July 1857 Marquess of Salisbury 25 July 1886 58–59 years 11 August 1892 20 November 1899
(Aged 71–72)
Portrait of Catherine Gladstone Catherine Gladstone
(née Glynne)[35]
6 January 1812 25 July 1839 William Ewart Gladstone 15 August 1892 80 years 2 March 1894 14 June 1900
(Aged 88)
None[o] (widower) Earl of Rosebery 5 March 1894 22 June 1895
No image.svg Georgina Gascoyne-Cecil
(née Alderson)[36]
1827 11 July 1857 Marquess of Salisbury 25 June 1895 67–68 years 20 November 1899 20 November 1899
(Aged 71–72)
None (widower) Marquess of Salisbury 20 November 1899 11 July 1902
None (bachelor) Arthur Balfour 11 July 1902 5 December 1905
Portrait of Charlotte, Lady Campbell-Bannerman Charlotte, Lady Campbell-Bannerman
(née Bruce)[38]
1832 13 September 1860 Henry Campbell-Bannerman 5 December 1905 72–73 years 30 August 1906 30 August 1906
(Aged 73–74)
None (widower) Henry Campbell-Bannerman 30 August 1906 7 April 1908
Portrait of Margot Asquith Margot Asquith[p]
(née Tennant)[40]
2 February 1864 10 May 1894 H. H. Asquith 7 April 1908 44 years 7 December 1916 28 July 1945
(Aged 81)
Portrait of Margaret Lloyd George Margaret Lloyd George
(née Owen)[41]
4 November 1864 24 January 1888 David Lloyd George 7 December 1916 52 years 19 October 1922 20 January 1941
(Aged 76)
None[q] (widower) Bonar Law 23 October 1922 20 May 1923
Portrait of Lucy Baldwin Lucy Baldwin
(née Ridsdale)[43]
19 June 1869 12 September 1892 Stanley Baldwin 23 May 1923 53 years 16 January 1924 17 June 1945
(Aged 75)
None[r] (widower) Ramsay MacDonald 22 January 1924 4 November 1924
Portrait of Lucy Baldwin Lucy Baldwin
(née Ridsdale)[43]
19 June 1869 12 September 1892 Stanley Baldwin 4 November 1924 55 years 5 June 1929 17 June 1945
(Aged 75)
None[r] (widower) Ramsay MacDonald 5 June 1929 7 June 1935
Portrait of Lucy Baldwin Lucy Baldwin
(née Ridsdale)[43]
19 June 1869 12 September 1892 Stanley Baldwin 7 June 1935 65 years 28 May 1937 17 June 1945
(Aged 75)
Portrait of Anne Cole Anne Chamberlain
(née Cole)[45]
1883 5 January 1911 Neville Chamberlain 28 May 1937 53–54 years 10 May 1940 12 February 1967
(Aged 83–84)
Portrait of Clementine Churchill Clementine Churchill
(née Hozier)[46]
1 April 1885 12 September 1908 Winston Churchill 10 May 1940 55 years 26 July 1945 12 December 1977
(Aged 92)
Violet-Helen-ne-Millar-Countess-Attlee.jpg Violet Attlee
(née Millar)[47]
20 November 1895 10 January 1922 Clement Attlee 26 July 1945 49 years 26 October 1951 7 June 1964
(Aged 68)
Portrait of Clementine Churchill Clementine, Lady Churchill
(née Hozier)[46]
1 April 1885 12 September 1908 Winston Churchill 26 October 1951 66 years 7 April 1955 12 December 1977
(Aged 92)
No image.svg Clarissa, Lady Eden[s]
(née Spencer-Churchill)[49]
28 June 1920 14 August 1952 Anthony Eden 7 April 1955 34 years 10 January 1957 Living
(Age 97)
No image.svg Lady Dorothy Macmillan
(née Cavendish)[50]
28 July 1900 21 April 1920 Harold Macmillan 10 January 1957 56 years 18 October 1963 21 May 1966
(Aged 65)
No image.svg Elizabeth, Lady Douglas-Home
(née Alington)[51]
6 November 1909 3 October 1936 Alec Douglas-Home 18 October 1963 53 years 16 October 1964 13 September 1990
(Aged 80)
Portrait of Mary Wilson Mary Wilson
(née Baldwin)[52]
12 January 1916 1 January 1940 Harold Wilson 16 October 1964 48 years 19 June 1970 6 June 2018
(Aged 102)
None (bachelor) Edward Heath 19 June 1970 4 March 1974
Portrait of Mary Wilson Mary Wilson
(née Baldwin)[52]
12 January 1916 1 January 1940 Harold Wilson 4 March 1974 58 years 5 April 1976 6 June 2018
(Aged 102)
Portrait of Audrey Callaghan Audrey Callaghan
(née Moulton)[53]
28 July 1915 28 July 1938 James Callaghan 5 April 1976 60 years 4 May 1979 15 March 2005
(Aged 89)
Portrait of Denis Thatcher Denis Thatcher[t][54] 10 May 1915 13 December 1951 Margaret Thatcher 4 May 1979 63 years 28 November 1990 26 June 2003
(Aged 88)
Portrait of Norma Major Norma Major
(née Johnson)[55]
12 February 1942 3 October 1970 John Major 28 November 1990 48 years 2 May 1997 Living
(Age 76)
Portrait of Cherie Blair Cherie Blair
(née Booth)[56]
23 September 1954 29 March 1980 Tony Blair 2 May 1997 42 years 27 June 2007 Living
(Age 63)
Portrait of Sarah Brown Sarah Brown
(née Macaulay)[57]
31 October 1963 3 August 2000 Gordon Brown 27 June 2007 43 years 11 May 2010 Living
(Age 54)
Portrait of Samantha Cameron Samantha Cameron
(née Sheffield)[58]
18 April 1971 1 June 1996 David Cameron 11 May 2010 39 years 13 July 2016 Living
(Age 47)
Portrait of Philip May Philip May[59] 18 September 1957 6 September 1980 Theresa May 13 July 2016 58 years Living
(Age 60)
Portrait Spouse Date of birth Date of marriage Prime Minister Date tenure began Age at tenure start Date tenure ended Date of death

Living former spouses[edit]

There are five living spouses of former prime ministers. From oldest to youngest:

Spouse Tenure Date of birth
The Countess of Avon 1955–1957 (1920-06-28) 28 June 1920 (age 97)
Dame Norma Major 1990–1997 (1942-02-12) 12 February 1942 (age 76)
Cherie Blair 1997–2007 (1954-09-23) 23 September 1954 (age 63)
Sarah Brown 2007–2010 (1963-10-31) 31 October 1963 (age 54)
Samantha Cameron 2010–2016 (1971-04-18) 18 April 1971 (age 47)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Devonshire's wife Charlotte died in 1754.[7]
  2. ^ Mother of Baron Grenville.[9]
  3. ^ Mother of William Pitt the Younger.[11]
  4. ^ Anne's second marriage after the Earl of Upper Ossory.[12]
  5. ^ Shelburne's second marriage after Sophia Carteret.[15]
  6. ^ Daughter of the Duke of Devonshire.[17]
  7. ^ Portland's wife Lady Dorothy died in 1794.[17]
  8. ^ a b Melbourne's wife Lady Caroline died in 1828.[27]
  9. ^ Wellington's wife Catherine died in 1831.[25]
  10. ^ a b Russell's second marriage after Adelaide Lister.[29]
  11. ^ Aberdeen's wife Harriet died in 1833.[32]
  12. ^ a b Emily's second marriage after the Earl Cowper.[33] Sister of the Viscount Melbourne.[33]
  13. ^ Mary's second marriage after Wyndham Lewis.[34]
  14. ^ Disraeli's wife Mary died in 1872.[34]
  15. ^ Rosebery's wife Hannah died in 1890.[37]
  16. ^ Asquith's second marriage after Helen Melland.[39]
  17. ^ Law's wife Annie died in 1909.[42]
  18. ^ a b MacDonald's wife Margaret died in 1911.[44] Their daughter Ishbel acted as hostess during MacDonald's tenure.[citation needed]
  19. ^ Eden's second marriage after Beatrice Beckett.[48]
  20. ^ First male spouse. Thatcher's second marriage after Margaret Kempson.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mwanzi, Josephat (2 July 2013). "The first ladies club: Obama and Bush share stage in Africa". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Booth, Cherie; Cate, Haste (2005). The Goldfish Bowl: Married To The Prime Minister, 1955–1997. Random House. ISBN 978-0-09-946202-6. 
  3. ^ Lundy, Darryl (23 November 2016). "Catherine Shorter". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  4. ^ Lundy, Darryl (6 March 2012). "Maria Skerret". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Lundy, Darryl (4 October 2016). "Lady Catherine Manners". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 11 March 2018. 
  6. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (7 April 2012). "Lady Henrietta Godolphin". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  7. ^ Lundy, Darryl (26 November 2012). "Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle, Baroness Clifford". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  8. ^ Lundy, Darryl (22 March 2014). "Mary Wortley-Montagu, Baroness Mount Stuart of Wortley". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (4 November 2014). "Elizabeth Wyndham". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (14 March 2016). "Mary Liddell". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  11. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (9 February 2011). "Hester Grenville, Baroness Chatham". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  12. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (19 March 2016). "Hon. Anne Liddell". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  13. ^ Lundy, Darryl (1 October 2013). "Elizabeth Wrottesley". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  14. ^ Lundy, Darryl (30 July 2011). "Anne Speke". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  15. ^ Lundy, Darryl (28 April 2011). "Lady Sophia Carteret". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  16. ^ Lundy, Darryl (21 November 2016). "Lady Louisa FitzPatrick". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  17. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl (2 June 2014). "Lady Dorothy Cavendish". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  18. ^ Lundy, Darryl (18 June 2017). "Ursula Mary Hammond". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  19. ^ Lundy, Darryl (18 June 2009). "Hon. Anne Pitt". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  20. ^ Lundy, Darryl (3 July 2015). "Jane Wilson". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  21. ^ Lundy, Darryl (6 February 2013). "Lady Louisa Theodosia Hervey". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  22. ^ Lundy, Darryl (6 February 2013). "Mary Chester". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  23. ^ Lundy, Darryl (14 October 2011). "Joan Scott, Viscountess Canning of Kilbrahan". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  24. ^ Lundy, Darryl (17 May 2014). "Lady Sarah Albinia Louisa Hobart". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  25. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (30 April 2011). "Hon. Catherine Sarah Dorothea Pakenham". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  26. ^ Lundy, Darryl (24 September 2010). "Hon. Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  27. ^ Lundy, Darryl (2 February 2011). "Lady Caroline Ponsonby". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  28. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (1 November 2015). "Julia Floyd". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  29. ^ Lundy, Darryl (17 September 2016). "Adelaide Lister". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  30. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (17 September 2016). "Lady Frances Anna Maria Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  31. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl (9 July 2017). "Hon. Emma Caroline Bootle-Wilbraham". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  32. ^ Lundy, Darryl (2 April 2013). "Harriet Douglas". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  33. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl (17 June 2012). "Emily Mary Lamb". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  34. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl (28 March 2004). "Mary Ann Viney-Evans, 1st and last Viscountess Beaconsfield". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  35. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl (4 April 2008). "Catherine Glynne". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  36. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl (6 June 2010). "Georgina Alderson". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  37. ^ Lundy, Darryl (6 August 2016). "Hannah de Rothschild". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  38. ^ Lundy, Darryl (17 November 2008). "Sarah Charlotte Bruce". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  39. ^ Lundy, Darryl (31 October 2015). "Helen Kelsall Melland". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  40. ^ Lundy, Darryl (31 October 2015). "Emma Alice Margaret Tennant". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  41. ^ Lundy, Darryl (6 December 2010). "Margaret Owen". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  42. ^ Lundy, Darryl (3 September 2007). "Annie Pitcairn Robley". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  43. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl (4 June 2012). "Lucy Ridsdale". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  44. ^ Lundy, Darryl (21 November 2008). "Margaret Ethel Gladstone". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  45. ^ Lundy, Darryl (17 May 2011). "Annie Vere Cole". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  46. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (9 June 2017). "Clementine Ogilvy Hozier, Baroness Spencer-Churchill". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  47. ^ Lundy, Darryl (23 October 2012). "Violet Helen Millar". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  48. ^ Lundy, Darryl (1 February 2011). "Beatrice Helen Beckett". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  49. ^ Lundy, Darryl (25 July 2009). "Anne Clarissa Spencer-Churchill". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  50. ^ Lundy, Darryl (9 March 2011). "Lady Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  51. ^ Lundy, Darryl (14 December 2012). "Elizabeth Hester Alington". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  52. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (23 January 2017). "Gladys Mary Baldwin". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  53. ^ Lundy, Darryl (1 November 2008). "Audrey Elizabeth Moulton". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  54. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (8 May 2011). "Sir Denis Thatcher, 1st Bt". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  55. ^ Lundy, Darryl (29 September 2011). "Norma Christina Elizabeth Wagstaff". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  56. ^ Lundy, Darryl (12 February 2006). "Cherie Booth". thepeerage.com. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  57. ^ "Sarah Brown: The new 'first lady'". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  58. ^ "Profile: Samantha Cameron". BBC News. 14 February 2006. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  59. ^ "Profile: Theresa May's husband Philip". BBC News. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2018.