Navje Memorial Park
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Navje Memorial Park (Slovene: Spominski park Navje), the redesigned part of the former St. Christopher's Cemetery (pokopališče pri sv. Krištofu), is a memorial park in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. It is located in the Bežigrad district, just behind the Ljubljana railway station.
St. Christopher's Cemetery
St. Christopher's Cemetery was blessed in May 1779 by Johann Karl von Herberstein, the Bishop of Ljubljana, and was located in the area of today's Exhibition and Convention Centre. Between the late 18th century and the early 20th century, it was the central town cemetery. In 1906, a new cemetery was established next to Holy Cross Church and most new burials gradually took place there. After 1926, burials no longer took place at St. Christopher's Cemetery, and it was destroyed in 1955 together with the two churches associated with it in order to create a fairground for the 7th Congress of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia.
In the 1930s, a small portion of the old cemetery, including the arcade porch that was built around 1865, was transformed in a "pantheon" of famous Slovenes. The memorial park was designed by the architects Jože Plečnik and Ivo Spinčič in collaboration with the gardener Anton Lah. Already in 1932, Plečnik had proposed building a monumental church on the same site, which would include a crypt with tombs of prominent Slovenes. The project, planned together with his student Edvard Ravnikar, was however rejected, and so Plečnik proposed the creation of Navje Memorial Park.
Between 1936 and 1940 several gravestones and tombstones of notable personalities were moved into the park, but because of the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941 the project was never completed. Many of the gravestones planned to be moved into Navje Memorial Park, such as those of Prešeren, Trubar, Maister, and Rusjan, were not brought in, and many graves of unimportant individuals, planned to be moved to Žale, have remained in the park. Plečnik's plans to enlarge the park were never carried out. After World War II, the park was largely neglected and renovation took place only in the 1990s.
Notable people's gravestones displayed at Navje Memorial Park include:
- Anton Tomaž Linhart (1756–1795), playwright and historian
- Valentin Vodnik (1758–1819), poet and editor
- Jernej Kopitar (1780–1844), philologist
- Josef Ressel (1793–1857), Bohemian engineer and inventor of the naval propeller
- Gašpar Mašek (1794–1873), Slovene-Czech composer
- Josef Blasnik (1800–1872), editor
- Matija Čop (1797–1835), philologist and the closest friend and collaborator of the poet France Prešeren
- Janez Bleiweis (1808–1881), politician, known as "The Father of the Nation"
- Emil Korytko (1813–1839), Polish ethnologist and political activist
- Luka Jeran (1818–1898), Roman Catholic priest and missionary, founder of the Salesians of Don Bosco in the Slovenia
- Jurij Flajšman (1818–1874), composer
- Karel Dežman (1821–1889), historian and politician
- Anton Nedvěd (1829–1896), Slovene-Czech composer
- Fran Levstik (1831–1887), writer and political activist
- Josip Stritar (1836–1923), poet and literary critic
- Josip Jurčič (1844–1881), novelist and editor
- Simon Rutar (1851–1903), historian
- Fran Maselj Podlimbarski (1851–1917), author and officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army
- Anton Aškerc (1856–1912), poet
- Edo Šlajmer (1864–1935), physician, founder of modern surgery in Slovenia
- Ivan Grohar (1867–1911), painter
- Anton Korošec (1872–1940), politician
- Janez Nepomuk Hradecky (1875–1846), Mayor of Ljubljana (1820–1846)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Navje Memorial Park.|
- Kladnik, Darinka (1996). Mestna hiša v Ljubljani: pomembni dogodki v zgodovini mesta [Ljubljana Town Hall: Significant Events in the Town History] (in Slovenian). Viharnik. p. 58. ISBN 9789616057059.
- Hočevar, Ksenja. 2014. "Nekoč slavno pokopališče, danes konjenica prestolnice." Družina (6 July). (in Slovene)
- "Navje - spominski park slovenske zgodovine." 2007. RTV SLO (1 November). (in Slovene)
- "Gospodarsko razstavišče." DEDI. (in Slovene)
- Benedik, Metod, & Angel Kralj. 1998. Škofijske vizitacije Tomaža Hrena. Ljubljana: Inštitut za zgodovino Cerkve pri Teološki fakulteti Univerze v Ljubljani, p. 339.
- Sapač, Igor. "Rudniško gledališče v Idriji" [Mine Theatre in Idrija]. Retrieved 18 October 2012.