Stalingrad (2013 film)

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Stalingrad
Stalingrad movie poster 70x100.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Fedor Bondarchuk
Produced by Alexander Rodnyansky
Dmitriy Rudovskiy
Sergey Melkumov
Natalia Gorina
Steve Schklair (3D Producer)
Written by Ilya Tilkin
Sergey Snezhkin
Starring Petr Fedorov
Yanina Studilina
Dmitriy Lysenkov
Aleksey Barabash
Andrey Smolyakov
Maria Smolnikova
Vladimir Kurlovich
Thomas Kretschmann
Heiner Lauterbach
Music by Angelo Badalamenti
Cinematography Maksim Osadchiy
Edited by Natalia Gorina
Production
company
Art Pictures Group
Non Stop Production
Distributed by Russia
Sony Pictures Releasing and Columbia Pictures
United States:
Columbia Pictures[1]
Release dates
  • 27 September 2013 (2013-09-27) (Volgograd)
  • 10 October 2013 (2013-10-10) (Russia)[2]
  • 31 October 2013 (2013-10-31) (China)
  • 21 February 2014 (2014-02-21) (UK)
  • 28 February 2014 (2014-02-28) (US)
Running time
131 minutes[3]
Country Russia
Language Russian
German
Budget $30 million[4]
Box office $68,075,573 [5]

Stalingrad (Russian: Сталинград) is a 2013 Russian action war drama film directed by Fedor Bondarchuk. This is the first Russian movie completely produced with IMAX 3D technology and shot using 3ality Technica's TS-5 and Stereoscopic Image Processor. At the same time, this project is the first Russian language feature film produced using the IMAX format.[6][7] The film was released in September 2013 in Volgograd (formerly "Stalingrad") and October in Russia before its international release in subsequent months.[4] The film was selected as the Russian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards,[8][9] but it was not nominated. Stalingrad received the I3DS (International 3D and Advanced Imaging Society) Jury Award for Russia in 2014.

The film is a love story set in November 1942 during the Battle of Stalingrad, three months into that six month conflagration that caused nearly 2,000,000 total casualties (wounded, killed, captured) for the two opponents, including tens of thousands of Russian civilians. The story follows soldiers from both sides as they fight to survive while saving the lives of their loves, and struggle with retaining their humanity in the face of certain death and the unspeakable horrors of war.

Plot[edit]

The film opens in Japan in the wake of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. As emergency personnel work to reach some victims trapped underground, one rescuer tries to keep the victims calm by telling the story of how he came to have five fathers, all killed during the Great Patriotic War (World War II). The trapped victims are young German students and the rescuers are Russian.

In 1942, after the initial attack on Stalingrad, a small group of Russian soldiers take cover in a large five story residential building that happens to provide cover for a Russian crossing point on the Volga river. Five of these soldiers become the five fathers in the story: Polyakov ("Angel") who had become embittered when his wife and daughter were killed in an air raid; Chvanov, whose hatred of the Germans comes from their cruel treatment and methodical murder of his family; Nikiforov, a talented tenor singer before the war, who had become a cruel and vicious fighter; Sergey, drafted into the war as a spotter; and Captain Gromov, a veteran and hero who leads the group after finding them. The soldiers encounter a young girl named Katya, living alone in the building after her family had been killed. As they spend the next few days together, the soldiers grow fond of her, and she of them.

Germans encamped near the crossing are led by Hauptmann Kahn; a highly decorated, but disillusioned soldier who falls in love with a Russian woman named Masha, who resembles his late wife. She at first detests him, but soon begins to reciprocate his love, although they cannot speak each other's language. Oberstleutnant Henze arrives to take command of the Germans. He chides Kahn both for his attraction to Masha, as well as his failure to eradicate the Russian soldiers. Henze decides to set an example by rounding up the Russian civilians living in the bombed out buildings, then burning a woman and her daughter alive. This enrages the Russian soldiers who ambush the Germans, killing several, but losing several of their own men in the process. The Germans and Russians then retreat to their own shelters to wait the others out. One afternoon, Chvanov teaches Katya how to aim her gun at a German washing himself at a water faucet and startled, accidentally shoots him, which causes retaliation that injures Chvanov.

During one of his visits to Masha, Kahn promises to take her to safety when the time comes. On her 19th birthday, Katya is presented with a handmade cake from the soldiers, with a song by Nikiforov, whom she had earlier recognized as a famous singer. She is then given the gift of a bathtub filled with hot water, a luxury no one has experienced since the siege began. Sergey takes Katya to his old lookout spot, located in a building not occupied by either the Germans or the Russians. The two spend the night together, unknowingly creating the narrator of our story.

After Polyakov ricocheted[clarification needed] an artillery shell into the German complex, Kahn is ordered to begin the attack on them; he takes Masha to an abandoned building, hoping to save her from the coming fight. As she begs him to stay with her, she is shot by Chvanov for being a collaborator, enraging Kahn. Nikiforov is taken captive by the Germans, where he manages to brutally stab Henze before being killed himself. Henze's death puts Kahn back in charge.

German reinforcements arrive with tanks that have the range to take out the Russian soldiers and their building. They open fire, fatally injuring Chvanov. Kahn and his soldiers attack, shooting Polyakov to death. Kahn then finds Gromov on the second floor trying to use a radio. The two of them shoot each other several times before collapsing. Sergey reaches them and uses the radio to order an air strike on their building, which is being overrun by German soldiers. Katya watches with a broken heart as the building is leveled, leaving no one inside alive.

Back in the present day, the Germans are freed from the building. The girl to whom Sergey (who had been named after his biological father) had told his story seeks him out, and they share a moment of understanding before he is driven away.

Cast[edit]

Background[edit]

The original script by Ilya Tilkin does not have any literary source. The screenwriter studied diaries of the participants of the Battle of Stalingrad. He also used museum archives, documents and recorded stories of its participants.

The prototype of this house is the legendary Pavlov's House in Stalingrad. On the eve of the filming, the script was significantly rewritten by the director and screenwriter Sergey Snezhkin including the plot and dialogues.

Production[edit]

The first part of filming took place in autumn 2011 and lasted 17 days. During that time, two key episodes of the battle were shot, in which 900 extras and historical reenactors took part in crowd scenes. The main shooting process began at the end of May 2012 and ran until 27 July 2012.

Colossal scenery was constructed especially for Stalingrad filming at the former factory "Krasny Treugolnik" in St. Petersburg, and the Third North Fort near Kronstadt. Every detail for the movie sets depicting the centre of Stalingrad and the east bank of the Volga were faithfully and painstakingly reproduced, reflecting the vast scale of the battle. The budget for its construction was more than 120 million rubles (US$3.5 million), and it took over 400 people working for 6 months to build. Unusually though, for all the attention to detail the film-makers took, the Panzer tanks reproduced for a major scene late in the film were modeled on a much different later type of the German Mk.IV that did not enter service for around a year after the battle (the Mk.IV G/H)- a relatively major oversight of their historical advisors and production team.[citation needed]

Filming in 3D technology was done on the original equipment provided by a Hollywood company, 3ality Technica. The film is produced in three main formats: 3D, IMAX 3D, and 2D.

For the reason that I continue to work on this project, I read all the history of the Battle of Stalingrad. From "Stalingrad" by Antony Beevor and "In the Trenches of Stalingrad" by Nekrasov to "Iron Cross" by Wilhelm Heinrich and "Life and Fate" by Vasily Grossman.
– Fedor Bondarchuk, the director of Stalingrad

It is planned that all German speech will not be dubbed into Russian in favour of subtitles instead.

Fedor Bondarchuk and Thomas Kretschmann have already starred in films with the name Stalingrad around the same time. Kretschmann played a Leutnant in the 1993 German film, and Bondarchuk was in the 1989 Russian film, which was directed by Yuri Ozerov.

Reception[edit]

Reception of the film was mixed. It was praised for stunning visuals, sound editing, music, and acting, but at the same time criticized for direction and melodramatic plot. According to Russian review aggregator Kritikanstvo.ru, its average critical score in Russian media is 63 out of 100.[10] Such media as Rossiyskaya Gazeta,[11] Vedomosti,[12] Izvestia, Kommersant, and Expert were positive about the film. Several others, including Argumenty i Fakty, Ogoniok, and web publicist Dmitry Puchkov gave negative reviews. Some of the critics were disappointed by the film's plot on patriotic grounds: they felt it does not pay a tribute to the heroes of the Stalingrad battle, but rather concentrates too much on a love story.

According to VTsIOM poll, Stalingrad was the most popular film of 2013 in Russia. 12% of respondents named it as "Film of the year", which is far above 4% for the runner-up, sport drama Legend № 17.[13]

On American film aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, it has a 48% rating, with an average score of 5.6/10, based on reviews from 69 critics. The site's consensus states: "There's no arguing with its impressive production values, but Stalingrad should have devoted more attention to the screenplay and spent less on special effects-enhanced spectacle."[14] On another American aggregation website, Metacritic, the film has a 49/100 (citing "mixed or average reviews"), based on reviews from 23 critics.[15]

Box office[edit]

In Russia, Stalingrad was a huge box office success earning a total of US$51,700,000, which set a new box office record for contemporary Russian films. It also set the record for opening weekend takings there, with a revenue of US$16,120,000. In the USA, the movie grossed just over US$1,000,000.[16]

It was the highest-grossing non-Hollywood, non-English language film in China until surpassed by India's PK in 2015.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sony Pictures Releasing International To Distribute "STALINGRAD," Directed By Fedor Bondarchuk, In Russia". 16 April 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Stalingrad: An IMAX 3D Experience". Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "STALINGRAD (15)". Sony Pictures Releasing. British Board of Film Classification. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Russia’s first big-budget 3D movie shootings over". rt.com. RT. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  5. ^ Russian source: Stalingrad 2013, box, Kinopoisk.ru
  6. ^ ÿRussia’s STALINGRAD To Be Released In IMAX 3D Format October 2013
  7. ^ Ambitious Russian 3D War Drama 'Stalingrad' Begins Filming.
  8. ^ "Russia Nominates WWII Movie ‘Stalingrad’ for Oscars". RIA. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  9. ^ "Oscars: Russia Selects Fyodor Bondarchuk's 'Stalingrad' for Foreign Language Category". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  10. ^ Критиканство.ру: Сталинград
  11. ^ В окопах «Сталинграда». Федор Бондарчук вернул возможность помнить, что мы в кино. – «Российская газета» 14.10.2013
  12. ^ Антон Долин.Что немцу хорошо. Ведомости, 04.10.2013
  13. ^ Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения. Пресс-выпуск № 2484. Итоги года: люди, программы, фильмы
  14. ^ "Stalingrad (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Stalingrad". Metacritic. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  16. ^ Stalingrad at the Internet Movie Database
  17. ^ Rob Cain (May 27, 2015). "Could Bollywood's Aamir Khan Be China's Next Big Movie Star?". Forbes. (Forbes, Inc.). Retrieved May 28, 2015. 

External links[edit]