Strabane ambush

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Strabane ambush
Part of the Troubles and Operation Banner
Plumbridge Co. Tyrone - geograph.org.uk - 130535.jpg
Near the ambush site
Date23 February 1985
Location
54°49′48″N 7°28′12″W / 54.83000°N 7.47000°W / 54.83000; -7.47000Coordinates: 54°49′48″N 7°28′12″W / 54.83000°N 7.47000°W / 54.83000; -7.47000
Result IRA unit wiped out
Belligerents
IrishRepublicanFlag.png Provisional IRA
IRA West Tyrone Brigade

 UK

Commanders and leaders
Charles Breslin
Strength
3 IRA Volunteers 8
Casualties and losses
3 killed none
Strabane ambush is located in Northern Ireland
Strabane ambush
Ambush at Strabane

The Strabane Ambush was a British Special Air Service ambush against a three man Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA or IRA) unit. All three members of the PIRA unit were killed in the ambush. At the time it was the most successful SAS operation against the IRA, until the Loughgall ambush two years later in 1987 in which eight IRA Volunteers were killed. [1]

Background[edit]

Strabane was one the IRA's most deadly strong holds during The Troubles. Provisional IRA and Irish National Liberation Army Volunteers in Strabane carried out attack after attack against the British security forces, between 1971 and 1991 no fewer than 16 attacks were launched by Irish Republicans against British troops and RUC police which resulted in the death of at least one member of the British security forces in each of those attacks, the British Army and RUC bases in Strabane were constantly attacked with sniper fire, bombings, grenades, mortar attacks and RPG attacks. Strabane was once the most bombed town in Europe in proportion to its size, and was the most bombed town in Northern Ireland.[2][3]

A few weeks earlier in December 1984 the SAS carried out two infamous ambushes against the Provisional IRA Derry Brigade which killed four IRA volunteers, in the first in the Kesh ambush Kieran Fleming and another IRA volunteer was killed, four days later Kieran's cousin William Fleming and Danny Doherty were killed in another ambush.[4][5]

Ambush[edit]

On the 23 February 1985 a Provisional IRA active service unit while returning weapons or bringing new weapons to an arms cache in Plumbridge Road in Strabane were suddenly ambushed by British Army SAS unit and all three IRA volunteers were killed on the spot.[6] Local witness said they heard that no warning to surrender was given by the SAS as the men entered a field which is when the SAS unit fired over 100 rounds at the Volunteers killing them instantly.[7] The Provisional IRA volunteers killed at Strabane were unit Commander Charles Breslin (21) and Michael Devine (22) and his brother David Devine (16). David Devine was the youngest IRA volunteer killed in the conflict by enemy forces.[8]

Aftermath[edit]

This ambush was the first in a number of high-profile SAS and undercover soldier ambushes and operations between 1985 - 1992 especially targeting the IRA's units around the Fermanagh, Tyrone & Armagh borders. A year later the IRA's Fermanagh commander Seamus McElwaine was killed during a shoot out.[9][10] in 1987 eight IRA volunteers from the Provisional IRA East Tyrone Brigade were killed in the Loughgall ambush,[11] in 1988 three IRA Volunteers were killed during Operation Flavius in Gibraltar,[12] in August of the same year three more IRA men were killed in the Ambush at Drumnakilly,[13] in 1991 three more volunteers were killed in the Coagh ambush[14] and finally in February 1992 the Clonoe ambush four IRA volunteers were killed.[15] Another big coup for the British against the IRA came in April 1997 when the SAS captured one of the South Armagh Sniper units near Crossmaglen, but because of the Good Friday Agreement the four man unit served little over a year.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neville, Leigh (2016) The SAS 1983–2014 Bloomsbury Publishing, p.15. ISBN 1472814053
  2. ^ "Strabane town centre baseline report | Strabane Town Centre Regeneration Masterplan" (PDF). 8 September 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  3. ^ "How one gay bar changed attitudes in rural N Ireland". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  4. ^ "British Troops Ambush And Kill 2 I.R.A. Men". New York Times. 7 December 1984. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  5. ^ Lost Lives, 2007 edition, p. 1002, ISBN 978-1-84018-504-1
  6. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1985". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  7. ^ "23 February 1985 – Three Strabane IRA Volunteers cut down by hail of SAS bullets". An Phoblacht. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  8. ^ I nDil Chuimhne - Tirghra: Ireland's Patriot Dead pp.270 - 272
  9. ^ Moloney, Ed (2002). A Secret History of the IRA. Penguin Books. p. 291. ISBN 0-14-101041-X.
  10. ^ "Elections Ireland: Séamus McElwaine". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 April 2007.
  11. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1987". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  12. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1988". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  13. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1988". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  14. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1991". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  15. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1992". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  16. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1999/mar/20/johnmullin

Further reading[edit]

  • Moloney, Ed: A secret history of the IRA. Penguin Books (2002).
  • Urban, Mark: Big Boys’ Rules: The SAS and the Secret Struggle Against the IRA. Faber and Faber (1992).