Styal

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Styal
row of Victorian brick cottages with gardens
Cottages in Styal village
Styal is located in Cheshire
Styal
Styal
Location within Cheshire
Area7.08 km2 (2.73 sq mi)
Population1,051 (2011)
• Density148/km2 (380/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSJ835835
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWILMSLOW
Postcode districtSK9
Dialling code01625
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
53°20′55″N 2°14′55″W / 53.3485°N 2.2485°W / 53.3485; -2.2485Coordinates: 53°20′55″N 2°14′55″W / 53.3485°N 2.2485°W / 53.3485; -2.2485

Styal (/stl/, like style) is a village and civil parish on the River Bollin near Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, in an area once known as Pownall Fee.

History[edit]

Styal village grew during the early years of the Industrial Revolution when industrialist Samuel Greg built a cotton mill and textile factory, Quarry Bank Mill. The mill was situated on the bank of the River Bollin in order to use the water current to power the waterwheels. By the 1820s, the mill was expanding, and because of its rural location, Greg found the need to construct a new model village nearby to provide housing for his workers.[2][3]

Landmarks[edit]

Styal Cross (restored 2010)
Altrincham Road in Styal
Norcliffe Chapel, Styal Village

Quarry Bank Mill and its village still stand today; the mill ceased operation as a working factory in 1959 and is now owned by National Trust, who operate it as an industrial heritage museum.[4]

The mill and its surrounding buildings are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[5][6]

Quarry Bank Mill has been recognised internationally as a significant industrial heritage site and has been included on the European Route of Industrial Heritage by the European Union's Creative Europe programme, which records the mill with Styal village as "the most complete and least altered factory colony of the Industrial Revolution. It is of outstanding national and international importance".[7]

Norcliffe Chapel, a small Grade II-listed Unitarian chapel, stands close to the mill village. It was built in 1822–23 to provide a place of worship for the mill workers and is now in the ownership of the National Trust. It was originally established as a Baptist chapel, but was changed to a Unitarian church by Samuel Greg, himself a Unitarian, in 1833.[8]

Near to the chapel stands the Grade II-listed Styal Cross, a wayside cross of medieval origin. The cross had originally stood at Cross Farm. In 1860 it was relocated by the son of Samuel Greg, Robert Hyde Greg, to Holly Lane. In 1980, it was demolished by a car crash. The remains of the lower part were rebuilt on the lane close to Styal Village in 1983, and after a fundraising campaign, a replacement stone column and cross were added to the medieval base in 2010.[9][10]

The state primary school is on the Styal National Trust estate.[citation needed]

HMP Styal is a women's prison which opened in 1962 and occupies some former buildings of the Styal Cottage Homes. These homes were open from 1898 to around 1956 and housed destitute children from the Manchester area.[citation needed]

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

The population in the 2001 Census was 5,014, including the nearby smaller village of Morley and part of the fringe of Wilmslow. The population for the civil parish according to the 2011 Census was 1,051.[11]

According to 2001 Census data, the Morley and Styal Ward has a population of 5014, of which 2722 (54.3%) are females and 2292 (45.7%) are males. 949 people (18.93%) are aged 16 and under, and 969 people (19.33%) are aged 65 and over.[12][13]

Morley & Styal Compared
2001 UK Census Morley & Styal Cheshire England
Total population 5,014 673,781 49,138,831
White 96.2% 98.4% 90.9%
Asian 1.3% 0.5% 4.6%
Black 0.5% 0.2% 2.3%

Ethnicity[edit]

Ethnic white groups (British, Irish, other) account for 96.19% (4823 people) of the population, with 3.81% (190 people) being in ethnic groups other than white.

Of the 3.81% (190 people) in non-white ethnic groups:

  • 53 (27.89%) belonged to mixed ethnic groups
  • 67 (35.26%) were Asian or Asian British
  • 25 (13.16%) were Black or Black British
  • 45 (23.64%) were Chinese or Other Ethnic Groups [14]

Religion[edit]

A breakdown of religious groups and denominations:

  • Christian – 76.31% (3826 people)
  • Buddhist – 0.24% (12 people)
  • Hindu – 0.50% (25 people)
  • Jewish – 0.76% (38 people)
  • Muslim – 1.18% (59 people)
  • Sikh – 0.18% (9 people)
  • Sivesh - 0.02% (1 person)
  • Other religions – 0.26% (13 people)
  • No religion – 13.82% (693 people)
  • Religion not stated – 6.76% (339 people)[15][16]

Transport[edit]

Styal is a commuter village, with transport access to Manchester. Styal railway station is on the line linking Crewe, Wilmslow and Manchester Piccadilly. The line opened on 1 May 1909. The station is currently served by one train an hour in each direction to Liverpool Lime Street and Wilmslow or Crewe; this had previously been limited to eight trains a day. A campaign was launched in 2008 to lobby for more services.[17] Sunday services every two hours were launched in May 2009 to coincide with the line's centenary.

Notable people[edit]

Terry Waite, the humanitarian, author and hostage negotiator, is from Styal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://styalparishcouncil.org.uk/
  2. ^ "Discover the stories of the workers in Styal village". National Trust. Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  3. ^ "National Trust, Quarry Bank Mill and the Styal Estate | Art UK". artuk.org. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Quarry Bank Mill and Styal Estate". www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk. National Trust. Archived from the original on 5 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Quarry Bank Mill". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Search Results for 'Styal Village'". historicengland.org.uk. Historic England. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  7. ^ ERIH. "Quarry Bank Mill". www.erih.net (in German). Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Norcliffe Chapel Styal: History". www.ukunitarians.org.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Styal Cross". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  10. ^ "Medieval cross is fully restored". Macclesfield Express. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  12. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=6158924&c=styal&d=14&e=16&g=429155&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1310744740629&enc=1
  13. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6158924&c=styal&d=14&e=16&g=429155&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1310742628592&enc=1&dsFamilyId=91
  14. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6158924&c=styal&d=14&e=16&g=429155&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1310742628592&enc=1&dsFamilyId=87
  15. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=6158924&c=styal&d=14&e=16&g=429155&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1310742628592&enc=1
  16. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6158924&c=styal&d=14&e=16&g=429155&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1310742628748&enc=1&dsFamilyId=95
  17. ^ http://styal-station.org.uk

External links[edit]