Sunan Ampel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sunan Ampel (also Raden Rakhmat; 1401–1481)[1] was one of the Javanese nine reverred saints Wali Songo, credited for the spread Islam in Java.

According to local history around Demak the mosque of Demak Masjid Agung Demak was built by Sunan Ampel in 1479 CE,[2] but other source credited the construction of the mosque to Sunan Kalijaga.

Genealogy[edit]

The father of Sunan Ampel was Maulana Malik Ibrahim also known as Ibrahim as-Samarkandy ("Ibrahim Asmarakandi" to Javanese pronunciation). His mother was a princess of the ChampaCourt. Sunan Ampel was born in Champa, in present day Cambodia, in 1401 CE. Sunan Ampel came to Java in 1443 CE, possibly to visit his aunt Dwarawati, a princess of Champa who was married to Kertawijaya, the king of Majapahit.[3]

A long lineage[4] indicates that Sunan Ampel was a descendant of Ahmad al-Muhajir, a Hadhramaut saint who migrated from Basra (now in Iraq) to Yemen to avoid strife during the Abbasid Caliphate. However, another theory claims that Sunan Ampel had Chinese ancestry and identifies him as Bong Swi Hoo.[5] The two theories are not mutually exclusive, because Muslims from China interacted extensively with southeast Asia during the time of Zheng He. It was also common for a Muslim man to marry a local woman when settling far from his country of origin.

Sunan Ampel married Nyi Gede Manila, daughter of a Chinese captain at Tuban named Gan Eng Cu. This marriage produced several children: sons Sunan Bonang and Sunan Drajat became wali songo; daughter Syarifah became the wife of Sunan Ngudung and the mother of Sunan Kudus;[6] and another daughter became the first wife of Raden Patah and mother to Trenggana, who succeeded his father as leader of the Sultanate of Demak.[7] Some sources suggest that Raden Patah was the cousin[8] of Sunan Ampel.

Sunan Ampel died in Demak in 1481 CE, but is buried in Ampel Mosque.

Activities[edit]

Teacher of Sunan Giri[9] and Raden Patah.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sejarah Indonesia: Wali Songo
  2. ^ id:Sunan Ampel
  3. ^ id:Sunan Ampel
  4. ^ id:Sunan Ampel
  5. ^ Muljana, Prof. Dr. Slamet (2005). RUNTUHNYA KERAJAAN HINDU-JAWA DAN TIMBULNYA NEGARA-NEGARA ISLAM DI NUSANTARA. Yogyakarta: LKiS. pp. 86–101. ISBN 979-8451-16-3.
  6. ^ id:Sunan Kudus
  7. ^ id:Raden Patah
  8. ^ Wali Songo: The Nine Walis
  9. ^ http://www.petra.ac.id/eastjava/walisongo/giri.htm
  10. ^ id:Raden Patah
  • Sunyoto, Agus (2014). Atlas Wali Songo: Buku Pertama yang Mengungkap Wali Songo Sebagai Fakta Sejarah. 6th edition. Depok: Pustaka IIMaN. ISBN 978-602-8648-09-7