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View of Tălmaciu
View of Tălmaciu
Coat of arms of Tălmaciu
Coat of arms
Location of Tălmaciu
Location of Tălmaciu
Tălmaciu is located in Romania
Location of Tălmaciu
Coordinates: 45°40′0″N 24°15′40″E / 45.66667°N 24.26111°E / 45.66667; 24.26111Coordinates: 45°40′0″N 24°15′40″E / 45.66667°N 24.26111°E / 45.66667; 24.26111
Country Romania
CountySibiu County
 • MayorBasaraba Nicolae (Social Democratic Party)
 • Total6,527
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Tălmaciu (German: Talmesch; Hungarian: Nagytalmács) is a town in Sibiu County, in central Romania, 20 km south of the county capital Sibiu. It lies on the east end of the Mărginimea Sibiului area.

At the 2011 census, 95.3% of inhabitants were Romanians, 3.3% Roma, 0.8% Hungarians and 0.6% Germans.


Tălmaciu is situated at the confluence of the Sadu and Cibin rivers, two km before the confluence of the Cibin with the Olt. It lies on one of the main access routes between Transylvania and Wallachia, at the north entrance of the Olt River Gorge; the European route E81 passes through it. The town administers two villages:

  • Colonia Tălmaciu (Feltrinellitelep), three km towards the north
  • Tălmăcel (Kistalmács), three km towards the west

It also administered four other villages until 2004, when they were split off to form Boița Commune.


Historical population
1992 9,369—    
2002 9,147−2.4%
2011 6,527−28.6%
Source: Census data

The first documents referring to Tălmaciu (Tholmach) are from 1318. After the Saxon colonisation of Transylvania, Tălmaciu was the administrative center for the settlements of Tălmăcel, Boița, Turnul Roșu, Racovița, Sebeșul de Jos, and Plopi. After 1453 the administrative center was moved to Sibiu. In 1987 Tălmaciu was granted town status.

Because using the Olt pass to the south requires passing through Tălmaciu, it has witnessed numerous historical events:


Industrially, Tălmaciu is home to one of the most important thread manufacturers and spinners in Romania. There are also textile and lumber products manufacturers. The water flowing from the mountains is used for one of the most popular brand of bottled water in Romania: Fântâna.

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