Tafresh

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Tafresh
تفرش
City
Tafresh in winter
Tafresh in winter
Tafresh is located in Iran
Tafresh
Tafresh
Coordinates: 34°41′31″N 50°00′47″E / 34.69194°N 50.01306°E / 34.69194; 50.01306Coordinates: 34°41′31″N 50°00′47″E / 34.69194°N 50.01306°E / 34.69194; 50.01306
Country  Iran
Province Markazi
County Tafresh
Bakhsh Central
Population (2011)
 • Total 16,447
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Tafresh[1] (Persian: تفرش‎‎) is a city (academic city) in Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 25,912 (12,884 males and 13,028 females).[2]


In the heart of the flourish maze of mountains at the east of the central province lies a city which has brought up and educated outstanding men and women in science, politics, culture who have played a significant role in our history.

The city of Tafresh is located in the Markazi province of Iran. The flight distance between Tehran and Tafresh is 170 km towards southwest. If you imagine the three cities of Qom, Saveh, and Arak as the three vertices of a triangle, Tafresh would be the centroid of that triangle. The average altitude of Tafresh is 1912 meters above sea level with latitude and longitude coordinates equal to 34° 41&39; 35N and 50° 0&39; 58E, respectively. The climate of Tafresh is moderate with an annual rainfall of 270 mm. The population of Tafresh is about Seventeen thousand which increases up to twenty five thousand by considering the students. Tafresh is well known for being the cradle of science, literature, culture & art; the land of mountains and plains, springs & waterfalls; and the land of love, wisdom & thought with mountains as high as the ambition & will of its men and women. Behind every alley of Tafresh lies memories scientists, artists, and scholars brought up and trained in Tafresh who are all world class experts and professionals.

Tafresh is the city of very interesting people namely; Professor "Mahmoud Hesabi" father of Iran’s modern Physics, Professor "Abbas Sahab" father of Iran’s Cartography, Professor "Abolghasem Sahab" writer and historian, Professor "Ahmad Parsa" father of Iran’s Botany, Dr. " Abolghasem Bahrami" father of Iran’s microbiology, and Dr. "Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh" who is a world class researcher on Oncology and Cancer. All this proves adequate for Tafresh to be called the city of famous fathers of science.

Celebrities and dignitaries brought up in Tafresh, have each created a pattern on the body of knowledge and culture of this land. The presence of great Calligraphers in this land is another proof for the inherent nature of literacy and art in Tafresh, which has forever carved the city&39;s name with goodness on the apex of the country.

According to the available documents, manuscripts, and heritage; scholars, writers, and intelligentsia, have always been longing Tafresh, the characteristics of its literate and honored people are reflected in well-respected history books and travel notes. This city has the honor of hosting the holy shrines of Imam’s most of them require compulsory bow. The holy shrine of Imamzadeh Mohammad the ancestor of our supreme leader is located in Tafresh.

Today this city has preserved its position in science and literature by its universities. Tafresh is one of the oldest regions of the Marakzi province, named as Tabres in historical notes. To this date, fifty historical monuments of Tafresh have been listed as national heritage. Tafresh is located amidst high mountains 222 kilometres (138 mi) southwest of Tehran. Tafresh is an old city and formed a Zoroastrian stronghold for many years.

History[edit]

Tafresh has provided Iran with many notable figures such as poets, ministers, statesmen, scientists, calligraphers etc. Among them are Nizami Ganjavi, the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature. Some scholars believe that his ancestry from his father-side was in Tafresh. Others include Professor Mahmoud Hessaby, the father of modern physics in Iran, Ahmad Parsa, the father of Iranian botanics, Abbas Sahab, the father of Cartography science in Iran and Abdolkarim Qarib, the father of Iran's geology. Many famous Iranians were from Tafresh, Because of this, Tafresh has received the nickname "City of Iran's Fathers".

It is believed that in Sasanian times, Zoroastrianism was the state religion and was threatened by Islam, an army warrior called Delaram made a resistance force for the Zoroastrians in Tafresh. One of the villages in Tafresh was called "Delaram" after this army warrior, however after Islamic conquest of Persia, the name Teraran was given to it. Teraran means "The Thieves" in Middle Persian.

Today there are still many remaining of Zoroastrian strongholds in and around the town, particularly on the summits of the surrounding mountains and hills also remaining of the Zoroastrians graveyards can be seen specially in Kaburan village near Tafresh.

Universities[edit]

Three universities are situated in Tafresh: Tafresh University(formerely branch of Amirkabir University of Technology), Tafresh Azad University and the Tafresh branch of the Payame Noor University.

Village life[edit]

Tafresh is made of many villages which are: Teraran, Kaburan, Kahak, Naqusan, Tad, Denigerd, Zaghar, Koukan, Dadmarz, Kouhin, Shahrab, Kohandan, Bazerjan, Ezedin, Sarabadan, Kherazan, Khanak, Ghaleh. Although many people live in Tafresh, its numbers are decreasing as many leave Tafresh to go to Tehran or other main cities of Iran. Some of the summer resorts around Tafresh are Teraran, Shahchenar and Naqusan. The Ab Garrau spa is a touristic place around Tafresh. Tourists of the villages usually visit them in the summer. The other village which is very close to Tafresh is Kahak. this village is located near the mountains and its name was originally Kohak. The people of this village have their own dialect named "Burbasa" derived from "Bura"(come ) and "Basowe"(go).

Notables[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tafresh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3086584" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ http://www.sci.org.ir/SitePages/report_90/ostani/ostani_population_report_final_permision.aspx
  3. ^ a b c http://tafresh.net/
  4. ^ "Sahab Geographic & Drafting Institute - First Page (Persian)". 

External resource[edit]