Teimour Radjabov in 2012
|Full name||Teymur Rəcəbov|
12 March 1987 |
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
|FIDE rating||2742 (August 2017)
(No. 22 in the August 2017 FIDE World Rankings)
|Peak rating||2793 (November 2012)|
|Peak ranking||No. 4 (October 2012)|
A child prodigy, Radjabov earned the title of Grandmaster in March 2001 at the age of 14, making him the second-youngest grandmaster in history at the time. At the age of 16, he defeated the World Champion Garry Kasparov at the Linares tournament. He also become the second youngest player in history to enter the FIDE Top 100 Players list.
In his later career, Radjabov remained an elite chess player. He has twice competed at the Candidates Tournaments in 2012 and 2013 and twice won the European Team Chess Championship with Azerbaijan in 2009 and 2013. Radjabov achieved his peak rating of 2793 in November 2012, and was rated as #4 in the world at the same time.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Playing style
- 4 Notable tournament victories
- 5 Head-to-head results
- 6 Controversies
- 7 UNICEF
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Radjabov was born in Baku, Azerbaijan. His father, Boris Sheynin is a petroleum engineer who attended the same chess school in Baku with Garry Kasparov and his mother is an English language teacher. Radjabov started playing chess at the age of 3 and attended secondary school number 167 in Baku. He was coached by his father.
Being the youngest of the participants Radjabov won the European Under 18 Championship, with the six years older Evgeny Postny in second place.
While still being 13 years old the 2483-rated Radjabov finished in second place in Wijk aan Zee B, scoring +6 −2 =3. Mikhail Gurevich (2694) in first place was ½ point ahead and the player to qualify for next year's Wijk aan Zee A.
Radjabov is the second youngest player ever, after Judit Polgar, to make it into the FIDE Top 100 players list. With a rating of 2599 in January 2002 he was ranked 93rd in the world while still 14 years old. In the FIDE Moscow Grand Prix rapid event in June he won matches against Ivanchuk, Svidler, Beliavsky and Akopian before losing the final to Kasparov ½–1½.
In 2003 Radjabov defeated Garry Kasparov, Viswanathan Anand, and Ruslan Ponomariov with the black pieces, making him the first player to have beaten three former and reigning FIDE World Chess Champions with black in one year. Hikaru Nakamura repeated the feat in 2011 by beating Ponomariov, Anand and Vladimir Kramnik.
Radjabov's win against Ponomariov came in Wijk aan Zee, where Radjabov scored +3 −3 =7, while the one against Anand came in Dortmund, where he scored +2 −2 =6. The win against Kasparov in Linares was Radjabov's only win in the tournament, where he ended up with a +1 −4 =7 score. Kasparov had been undefeated in five consecutive Linares tournaments before losing to Radjabov. He had not lost a rated game with white in seven years, and never lost one again.
Radjabov once again participated in Linares where he scored +2 −2 =8 and shared fourth place with Veselin Topalov, one point behind winner Vladimir Kramnik, after drawing both his games against Garry Kasparov. He also reached the semifinals (earning a bronze medal) at the FIDE World Chess Championship 2004.
Radjabov won Dos Hermanas in April, ahead of among others Dreev and Azmaiparashvili. Later in the year he finished second in the European Championship, behind Nisipeanu but with Karjakin, Ivanchuk and Aronian in third to fifth place.
In November Radjabov won the strong Cap d'Agde rapid tournament. He won all his games in quarter and semi finals against Volokitin and Bacrot, and went on to win the final against Sergey Karjakin (who had eliminated Magnus Carlsen in his semi final) 1½–½.
In January Radjabov shared first place at the Category 19 Corus Chess Tournament in Wijk aan Zee with Veselin Topalov and Levon Aronian, ahead of Kramnik and Anand. He scored five wins, one loss and seven draws.
Radjabov was also to play the Morelia/Linares Tournament 2007, but due to a robbery of some of his belongings in Mexico, he withdrew from the tournament. His position was taken by Vassily Ivanchuk.
In January Radjabov won the ACP Rapid Cup in Odessa after beating Grischuk in the final 2–5–1½. Later the same month he shared third in Wijk aan Zee together with World Champion Viswanathan Anand after beating him with white, finishing ½ from first (+3 −1 =9). Radjabov had an average Linares (+2 −2 =8), and a disappointing Baku (+2 −3 =8), but finished third in Sofia (+2 −1 =7), behind Ivanchuk and Topalov. In Sochi in August he finished second (+5 −2 =6) behind Aronian, and capped a very active tournament year by sharing first in Elista (+4 −1 =8).
In Wijk aan Zee Radjabov shared second place with Aronian and Sergei Movsesian, ½ behind winner Sergey Karjakin. He finished fifth on tiebreak in Linares after scoring his only win in the tournament against Aronian, and was undefeated in Bazna in June, even if he only won once, against Gata Kamsky. In October Radjabov led the Azerbaijani team to victory at the European Team Chess Championship in Novi Sad.
In May Radjabov shared second place in Astrakhan, securing second place in the FIDE Grand Prix 2008–2010, thereby qualifying for the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012. In Bazna the following month Radjabov shared second place with Boris Gelfand after beating him in both their individual games (Carlsen won the tournament). Radjabov finished in second place also in the World Blitz Championship, with 24/38. Aronian won with 24½ while Carlsen was third with 23½.
Radjabov got married October 7 after a spectacular performance rating of 3019 in the European Chess Cup Championships playing first board for the team SOCAR, with the team coming second overall. Later the same month Radjabov led the Azerbaijani team to silver medals at the European Team Chess Championship in Porto Carras. In November he reached a new peak rating of 2781.
In January Radjabov competed in the Tata Steel Chess Tournament in Wijk aan Zee; the field included among others world No. 1 Magnus Carlsen and world No. 2 Levon Aronian. The average rating of the field was 2755, making this thirteen-round event a category 21 tournament. Radjabov scored +3 −0 =10 and tied for second place with Magnus Carlsen and Fabiano Caruana, a point behind winner Levon Aronian. It was his fourth consecutive top three finish in Wijk. In the even stronger Tal Memorial (category 22 with an average rating of 2776) he shared second place again (+2 −1 =6), behind winner Carlsen, and reached a new peak rating and ranking as No. 4 with 2788 on the July list. Radjabov also competed as first board in the 2012 Olympiad in Istanbul Turkey 2012, and as a result pushed his rating from 2788 to his personal all-time high of 2793, and received second highest performance on the first board. On October 17 Radjabov led the SOCAR chess team to a win in the European Chess Club Cup by playing on the first board, and again received second highest performance on his board.
Radjabov returned to top chess at the inaugural Gashimov Memorial also known as Shamkir Chess, a category XXII 6-player DRR event to commemorate the late Azeri grandmaster. Radjabov scored scored 5/10 and placed third behind Carlsen and Caruana, picking up 11 rating points. He defeated Magnus Carlsen in their individual game.
Radjabov participated in the Tata Steel Chess Tournament and placed 8th out of 14 with 6/13 points. In the same year, he won the bronze medal at the World Rapid Chess Championship behind Carlsen and Ian Nepomniachtchi.
In 2016, Radjabov played in numerous tournaments such as the Gashimov Memorial, European Club Cup, World Blitz and Rapid Championship and Chess Olympiad without winning any tournaments.
In April, Radjabov competed in the annual Shamkir Chess tournament and finished 8th out of 10 players.
Radjabov also played in the FIDE Grand Prix 2017. He placed 4th out of 18 in the Moscow round in May. In July, he won clear first in the Geneva round by scoring 6/9 points. He was able to defeat world #11 Giri, #15 Svidler and #19 Eljanov, and drew in the other 6 games. He is currently ranked third overall with one round left in Mallorca in November.
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Radjabov is almost single-handedly responsible for the current revival of the King's Indian Defence. He even beat world number one, Magnus Carlsen, with this defense in 2014 at the Gashimov Memorial 2014. He is also the only top player to consistently employ the sharp Schliemann Defence in the Ruy Lopez, scoring +1 −0 =10 with it in top tournaments 2008-11, drawing among others Carlsen, Anand, Topalov, Svidler, Ivanchuk and Karjakin, and beating Adams. Radjabov has been called an excellent counter-attacker, adept at seizing control after an opponent makes a minor mistake.
Comparison to Kasparov
Radjabov's name is often mentioned in conjunction with that of former world champion Garry Kasparov. Hans Ree notes, "They are both born and raised in Baku". Radjabov's lifetime score against Kasparov at standard time controls is one win, three draws and no losses. (Kasparov's only win was in rapid chess.)
At the 2003 Linares chess tournament, Radjabov, who was 15 years and 11 months at the time, famously defeated Kasparov with the black pieces. The game was controversially voted the most beautiful game of the tournament. Proponents praised Radjabov's resiliency and courage against the reigning world number 1; detractors argued that Radjabov was losing and it was only because Kasparov blundered that he won the game.
- 1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. f4 c5 6. Nf3 Nc6 7. Be3 a6 8. Qd2 b5 9. a3 Qb6 10. Ne2 c4 11. g4 h5 12. gxh5 Rxh5 13. Ng3 Rh8 14. f5 exf5 15. Nxf5 Nf6 16. Ng3 Ng4 17. Bf4 Be6 18. c3 Be7 19. Ng5 0-0-0 20. Nxe6 fxe6 21. Be2 (diagram; White, with more active pieces and a large space advantage, is winning) 21... Ngxe5!?
- Radjabov's knight sacrifice, 21...Ngxe5, was praised by several strong players for its bravery, including English grandmaster Nigel Short. Said Short of the move:
Radjabov plays very imaginatively... he just won't give up, he is extremely tenacious and will always find a way to muddy the waters to throw you off track. He is very good at finding disconcerting moves. Here he unbalances Kasparov completely, disturbing his rhythm of play. The move probably caused the Great Player to fall off his chair. ... Instead of simply allowing Kasparov to grind him down he unbalanced the game with his knight sacrifice, and six moves later Kasparov had blundered. That was the point of Radjabov's sacrifice – it was not sound but it gave him these practical chances.
- Radjabov's knight sacrifice, 21...Ngxe5, was praised by several strong players for its bravery, including English grandmaster Nigel Short. Said Short of the move:
However, the sacrifice was called "desperation" by GM Miguel Illescas, and according to Chessbase.com, "The Grandmasters we have talked to praised Radjabov's resilience in a bad position but criticized the game as unworthy of a prize because it was based on blunders."
- 22. Qe3 Nd7 23. Qxe6 Bh4 24. Qg4 g5 25. Bd2 Rde8 26. 0-0-0 Na5 27. Rdf1??
- Considered to be the decisive mistake.
- 27... Nb3+ 28. Kd1 Bxg3
- White cannot recapture the bishop due to the immediate threat of Qg6.
- 29. Rf7 Rd8 30. Bxg5 Qg6 31. Qf5 Qxf5 32. Rxf5 Rdf8 33. Rxf8+ Nxf8 34. Bf3 Bh4 35. Be3 Nd7 36. Bxd5 Re8 37. Bh6 Ndc5 38. Bf7 Re7 39. Bh5 Nd3 0–1
Radjabov became the first player born since Kasparov first became World Chess Champion in 1985, to defeat him. Radjabov is also the youngest player in history to defeat a reigning world No. 1 in a game at tournament time controls.
Notable tournament victories
- 1998 Kasparov Cup, 1st
- 2000 Budapest Chess Tournament, 1st
- 2005 Dos Hermanas Tournament, 1st
- 2006 Cap d'Agde Tournament (rapid), 1st
- 2007 Tata Steel Chess Tournament, joint 1st
- 2008 Odessa Chess Tournament (rapid), 1st
- 2008 Elista Grand-Prix, joint 1st
- 2015 World Rapid Chess Championship, 3rd
- 2017 Geneva Grand-Prix, 1st
Radjabov's results against World Champions have been quite good. In classical games against Garry Kasparov his career score is +1 −0 =3, while he is -1 against Anand and has drawn all his classical games against Kramnik after two losses in 2003. Against FIDE World Champions Ponomariov and Kasimdzhanov he has undefeated plus scores while he is equal against Topalov. Radjabov's career scores against some current and previous top players (April 2014, not counting rapid/blitz):
- vs. Kasparov +1 −0 =3
- vs. Anand +2 −3 =10
- vs. Topalov +1 −1 =18
- vs. Kramnik +0 −2 =14
- vs. Gelfand +5 −2 =12
- vs. Aronian +3 −5 =17
- vs. Kamsky +4 −4 =3
- vs. Karjakin +3 −2 =12
- vs. Svidler +2 −3 =15
- vs. Shirov +6 −6 =8
- vs. Ponomariov +5 −0 =9
- vs. Kasimdzhanov +1 −0 =2
- vs. Carlsen +2 −8 =18
- vs. Nakamura +0 -1 =6
- vs. Caruana +0 -3 =5
- vs. Grischuk +0 -3 =10
- vs. Morozevich +1 -3 =5
- vs. Ivanchuk +5 -6 =23
- vs. Leko +0 -5 =14
- vs. Polgar +1 -1 =4
In an interview in 2005 Radjabov said that Kasparov used his influence to prevent Radjabov from being invited to top tournaments, after Radjabov scored well against him at Linares 2003 (+1 =1).
In 2007, on a question on how he felt about playing against the Armenian team, an Azerbaijani news agency quoted Radjabov as saying: "We all have feelings of hate towards them." Radjabov claimed that the statement had been attributed to him "in a supernormal form", and that while "we do not have simple relations with Armenia", he would "never stoop to pathological nationalism".
On May 2006 he was appointed as the UNICEF National Goodwill Ambassador for Azerbaijan. He advocates for the cause of the universal salt iodization in the country. UNICEF Representative in Azerbaijan Hanaa Singer stated that they were very pleased to have Teimour in the work to improve the lives of children and young people in Azerbaijan. They were confident that Teimour would become an outspoken and active advocate for the cause, using his great talents to inspire young people.
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- Teimour Radjabov
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- UNICEF people
- Teimour Radjabov Meets Jean-Paul Belmondo. Chessdom.com 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
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