Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools

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The Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools, or TAPPS, is an organization headquartered in the Lone Star Tower at Texas Motor Speedway Fort Worth, Texas.[1] It was formerly headquartered at the Salado Civic Center in Salado, Texas.[2][3]

Founded in 1978, TAPPS governs athletic, fine arts, and academic contests for the majority of non-public high schools in Texas.[4]

As of 2012 TAPPS organizes competitions for over 200 private schools in Texas.[5]


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In 2004 Darul Arqam, a Muslim school in Houston, submitted an application to join TAPPS. Khaled Katbi, who represented the school, had a meeting with TAPPS on November 4, 2004, and did not report any unusual requestions. However the school subsequently receievd a letter which included a questionnaire with "Why do you wish to join an organization whose membership is basically in total disagreement with your religious beliefs?" and "Why do you think that the current member schools of TAPPS will not be biased against your school, based on the fundamental difference in your religion and Christianity, since about 90% of TAPPS schools embrace Christianity?" In response the American Civil Liberties Union of Texas stated that TAPPS should be investigated.[6]

In 2010 Iman Academy Southwest, another Muslim school in Houston, submitted an application to join TAPPS. TAPPS responded by asking Iman to complete a questionnaire with questions like "Historically, there is nothing in the Koran that fully embraces Christianity or Judaism in the way a Christian and/or a Jew understands his religion. Why, then, are you interested in joining an association whose basic beliefs your religion condemns?" Iman Academy SW did not fill out the questionnaire and the attached application, and TAPPS denied Iman SW admission into the league. Iman SW did not appeal the decision.[5]

In 2012 TAPPS came under harsh criticism after it refused to reschedule a semifinals basketball game scheduled for 9 p.m. on Friday March 2 despite the fact that Robert M. Beren Academy, an Orthodox Jewish school, asked that its players not play on Jewish Sabbath.[7] The school had won the regional championship to advance for their first trip to the semi-finals.[8] An appeal was made by Beren academy but denied by TAPPS under its bylaws set in the 1970s. TAPPS received legal pressure and pressure from Mayor Annise Parker of Houston as well as hundreds of letters.[7] TAPPS eventually relented and allowed the game to be rescheduled under this pressure.[5][9]

The controversies with the Muslim schools and Beren drew attention to the point where the Texas Catholic Conference called for a review of the association.[10]

In 2015 the TAPPS Winter Division 1 Soccer State Championship Game was stopped by Trinity Christian Academy coaches and Athletic Director to protest a yellow card that was issued by the referee to a John Paul II player. The TCA AD left the field of play and met with the TAPPS Executive Director. They walked back to the JPII bench together and the TAPPS Executive Director issued an Administrative Red card to the player, over ruling the referee in charge of the game. This violates TAPPS section 134 "NO PROTESTS. A protest base on a game or contest official's decision will not be considered" and TAPPS section 27 "...may not protest a contest judge's / referee's or other official's decision". The cause of the controversy was that after scoring a goal to go up 1-0 with 32 minutes left in the game the player removed his jersey on the way to the bench and was issued a yellow card for this unsportsmanlike behavior. JPII was forced to play 10 v 11 for the remainder of the game and lost 1-2.[11][12]


Like the UIL, TAPPS aligns member schools into districts by geography and enrollment size for various contests. Each contest has a slightly different alignment based on the participating schools, but most follow the same basic framework. The districts are mostly decided behind closed doors by TAPPS every even year (in February, around the same time as the UIL's biannual redistricting), and are an attempt to keep schools within a certain distance of their home town when attending competitions. Like the UIL, the districts are the first progression to the state championship.

Schools are further broken down with a letter classification to separate them from other schools of varying sizes. The purpose is ensure that schools compete only with others with similar size talent pools and resources. TAPPS's general classifications are 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, and 6A; unlike the UIL, whose official designations are strictly alphabetic, TAPPS officially uses alphanumeric designations for its classifications. The largest schools are classified as 6A, and the smallest are known as 1A. However, TAPPS uses different classification schemes in some other competitions (also by enrollment; larger numbers indicate lower enrollment unless otherwise indicated):

  • Fine arts and academic competitions: Standard classifications, except that Classes 1A and 2A are split into one subgroup for music and another for other arts and academics (a similar combining occurs in baseball and softball).
  • Football: Divisions I and II for six-man football; Divisions I, II, III, and IV for the 11-man game
  • Soccer: Divisions I and II
  • Swimming: Divisions I (Class 5A schools), II (Class 4A schools), and III (all smaller schools)
  • Wrestling: A single classification, as only 13 TAPPS schools (as of 2005) sponsor that sport

TAPPS includes 8 other sports under the normal 1A through 6A alignments:

2018-2020 alignment[edit]

For the 2018-2020 seasons, the general alignments were adjusted with an average enrollment cut-off of 380 for 6A, 218 for 5A, 141 for 4A, 100 for 3A, and 71 for 2A. Schools with an average enrollment of 70 and below are in 1A.[13][14]

6A schools[edit]

5A schools[edit]

4A schools[edit]

3A schools[edit]

2A schools[edit]

1A schools[edit]

District 1[edit]
District 2[edit]
District 3[edit]
District 4[edit]
District 5[edit]
District 6[edit]
District 7[edit]
District 8[edit]
District 9[edit]
District 10[edit]
District 11[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About TAPPS". Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools. Retrieved 2019-10-25. Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools 3575 Lone Star Circle #320 Fort Worth, Texas 76177
  2. ^ "Administration." Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools. Retrieved on March 9, 2012. "Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools 601 North Main P.O. Box 1039 Salado, TX 76571"
  3. ^ "Contact Information." Salado Civic Center. Retrieved on March 9, 2012. "Salado Civic Center 601 North Main in Downtown Salado, Texas 76571"
  4. ^ Texas, unlike most states, has separate organizations for public and private schools (excluding two very large all-male parochial schools which have been allowed to join the University Interscholastic League, the governing body for public schools. However, public and private schools may schedule each other in competition.
  5. ^ a b c Pilon, Mary (March 2, 2012). "Before Games, Religious Questions". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2012.
  6. ^ Hegstrom, Edward (2004-12-23). "Local Muslim school, TAPPS at odds over letter". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  7. ^ a b Pilon, Mary. "Texas Association Criticized for Ruling on Jewish Team." New York Times. The New York Times Company, 29 Feb. 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2014.
  8. ^ Pilon, Mary. "In Texas, the Sabbath Trumps the Semifinals." New York Times, 27 February 2012. Web. 15 February 2014
  9. ^ Pilon, Mary. "Game Time Is Adjusted; Jewish School Will Play." New York Times, 1 March 2012. Web. 15 February 2014
  10. ^ Pilon, Mary. "Review of Texas Association Sought." New York Times, 23 March 2012. Web. 15 February 2014.
  11. ^ "John Paul II appeals loss to TCA-Addison in TAPPS boys soccer state final, saying red card was incorrectly issued after TAPPS executive director told referee to change call". SportsDay HS.
  12. ^ "Boys soccer: JPII appeals title game loss, TAPPS upholds ruling following red card controversy". PlanoStar Courier.
  13. ^ https://tapps.biz/alignment-recap/
  14. ^ https://tapps.biz/governance/alignment/

External links[edit]