Ross Bagdasarian Sr.
Bagdasarian pictured in the 1950s
Rostom Sipan Bagdasarian
January 27, 1919
Fresno, California, U.S.
|Died||January 16, 1972 (aged 52)|
|Residence||Beverly Hills, California|
|Other names||Ross Bagdasarian, Sr.|
|Occupation||Actor, singer-songwriter, record producer|
|Known for||Creator of Alvin and the Chipmunks|
|Alvin and the Chipmunks|
|Television||The Alvin Show (1961–62)|
Ross Bagdasarian Jr.
|Relatives||William Saroyan (cousin)|
Rostom Sipan "Ross" Bagdasarian (//; January 27, 1919 – January 16, 1972), known professionally by his stage name David Seville, was an Armenian-American singer-songwriter, record producer, and actor, best known for creating the cartoon band Alvin and the Chipmunks. Initially a stage and film actor, he rose to prominence in 1958 with the songs "Witch Doctor" and "The Chipmunk Song (Christmas Don't Be Late)", which both became Billboard number-one singles. He produced and directed The Alvin Show, which aired on CBS in 1961–62.
Rostom Sipan Bagdasarian was born in Fresno, California, to Armenian parents. His father was a grape farmer. The novelist William Saroyan was his first cousin and a life-long friend. Bagdasarian served as a Staff sergeant (SSgt) in the United States Army Air Forces. During World War II, from January 1941 to December 1945, he was stationed in Europe. His later stage name "David Seville" originated from the fact that he was stationed in the city of Seville in Spain.
Bagdasarian's Broadway debut was in 1939 when he played the newsboy in The Time of Your Life by William Saroyan, his cousin. He also appeared in minor roles in several films, such as Viva Zapata! (1952), Stalag 17 (1953), Destination Gobi (1953), Rear Window (1954) and The Proud and Profane (1956). Notably, in Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window he is the piano player.
Singing and songwriting
Bagdasarian's major success with songwriting came with "Come On-a My House". Originally recorded by Kay Armen in 1950, it was turned into a million-selling hit in 1951 by Rosemary Clooney released by Columbia Records. It is an adaptation of an Armenian folk song Bagdasarian wrote with his cousin William Saroyan. The song was originally composed for their off-Broadway musical The Son. It launched Clooney's career, reaching number one on Billboard charts and was number four on Billboard year-end top 30 singles of 1951. The song sold some 750,000 records in a month. In 1954, he wrote "Hey Brother, Pour the Wine", a hit for Dean Martin.
In 1955, Bagdasarian signed with the then new Liberty Records. The following year, he had a transcontinental hit with the novelty record "The Trouble with Harry" credited to Alfi & Harry.. It reached #44 on the Billboard chart and was a bigger hit in England reaching #15. Later in 1956, he charted with his first record credited to his David Seville pseudonym, "Armen's Theme" which reached #42 on the Billboard chart.
David Seville and the Chipmunks
Bagdasarian's rise to prominence came with the song "Witch Doctor" in 1958, which was created after he experimented speed control on a tape recorder bought by $200 from the family savings. Liberty Records released this novelty record under the David Seville name. It is a duet between his real voice and accelerated version. The record went on to become a Billboard number-one single by April 28, 1958 and further established him as a songwriter. It sold 1.5 million copies.
Bagdasarian went on to create his trio of Chipmunks named after the executives of Liberty Records: Simon, Theodore, and Alvin. Their debut song, "The Chipmunk Song (Christmas Don't Be Late)" was released on November 17, 1958 and became a number one hit by New Years Day. The song sold 4 million records in the first few months. It topped Billboard charts the two weeks before and two weeks after New Years and won three Grammy Awards at the 1st Annual Grammy Awards on May 4, 1959: Best Recording for Children, Best Comedy Performance, and Best Non-Classical Engineered Song. Bagdasarian won the first two as David Seville. The song was the 23rd most performed Christmas song of the 20th century.
Shana Alexander, writing for Life magazine in 1959, noted that Bagdasarian was the first man in the "annals of popular music that one man has served as writer, composer, publisher, conductor and multiple vocalist of a hit record, thereby directing all possible revenues from the song back into his pocket." Alexander also found it remarkable that Bagdasarian "can neither read nor write music nor play any musical instrument in the accepted sense of the word." Bagdasarian owned Chipmunk Enterprises, which sponsored Chipmunk-related sales. By 1963 some 15 companies were using or planned to use Alvin figures. By that year Billboard magazine estimated that the total income from the Chipmunks' record sales (including overseas sales) and record club sales to be around $20 million (around $165 million adjusted for inflation).
In the following years the Chipmunks released several hit songs: "Alvin's Harmonica" (1959), "Ragtime Cowboy Joe" (1959), "Alvin's Orchestra" (1960), "Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer" (1960), "The Alvin Twist" (1962), and the album The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits in 1964 during the British Invasion.
Bagdasarian lived with family in Los Angeles since 1950. In the mid-1960s he bought Sierra Wine Corp., a winery that supplied product, among others, to E & J Gallo Winery. He died of a heart attack at his home in Beverly Hills on January 16, 1972, 11 days before his 53rd birthday. He was cremated and inurned at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles.
Bagdasarian willed the Chipmunks franchise to his wife Armenuhi Kulhanjian (Armenian: Արմենուհի Քուլհենջյան) and three children: Carol (b. 1947), an actress; Adam (b. 1955), a fiction writer; and Ross Jr. (b. 1949). Ross Bagdasarian Jr. said in an interview that he "worshipped" his father and felt a need to continue his work. He resumed activities of the franchise with his wife Janice Karman in the late 1970s, after finishing law school, and became the complete owner when he bought the rights from his brother and sister in the mid-1990s.
- The Music of David Seville (1957 Liberty 3073)
- The Witch Doctor Presents: David Seville...and his Friends (1958 Liberty 3092)
- The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits (1964 Sunset/Liberty; as Alvin and the Chipmunks with David Seville)
- The Mixed-up World of Bagdasarian (1966 Liberty 7451; recorded under David Seville's real name, Ross Bagdasarian)
- A Summer Day's Delight (Circa 1970, Ross Bagdasarian Productions RB-1; recorded as Ross Bagdasarian, privately released in small quantities)
- Let's All Sing with the Chipmunks
- The Alvin Show
- The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) as Spectator (uncredited)
- Viva Zapata! (1952) as Officer (uncredited)
- The Stars Are Singing (1953) as Song Promoter (uncredited)
- Destination Gobi (1953) as Paul Sabatello
- The Girls of Pleasure Island (1953) as Marine (uncredited)
- Stalag 17 (1953) as Singing Prisoner of War (uncredited)
- Alaska Seas (1954) as Joe, Jim's crewman
- Rear Window (1954) as Songwriter
- Kismet (1955) as Fevvol (uncredited)
- Hot Blood (1956) as Gas Station Attendant (uncredited)
- The Proud and Profane (1956) as Louie
- Three Violent People (1956) as Asuncion Ortega
- The Devil's Hairpin (1957) as Tani Ritter
- The Deep Six (1958) as Pvt. Aaron Slobodjian
- The Alvin Show (1961–1962, TV Series) as Alvin, Simon, Theodore and David Seville (voice, final television appearance)
- Lapka, Larry. "David Seville". AllMusic.
- Studwell, William E. (1996). "From "Jingle Bells" to "Jingle Bell Rock"". Music Reference Services Quarterly. 5 (1): 5. doi:10.1300/J116v05n01_01.
...for the pseudonym he used for the chipmunk enterprise, David Seville, is far better remembered than his real name.
- Elliott, David (December 13, 2007). "At the Movies". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
...Dave being Rostom Sipan Bagdasarian (1919-1972), better known as Ross Bagdasarian.
- Saroyan, William (1979). Obituaries. Creative Arts Book Company. p. 328. ISBN 9780916870171.
...my cousin Sipon Rostom Bagdasarian...
- "Ross Bagdasarian, Actor, Song Writer". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 19, 1972.
- Talevski, Nick (2010). "David Seville". Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 582. ISBN 9780857121172.
- Stapleton, Ann (February 25, 2008). "Saroyan Turns 100". The Weekly Standard.
- Studwell, William E.; Lonergan, David (2014). The Classic Rock and Roll Reader: Rock Music from Its Beginnings to the Mid-1970s. Routledge. p. 177. ISBN 9781317720683.
- Smith, J. Y. (May 19, 1981). "William Saroyan Dies at 72". Washington Post.
- Our Boys Committee (1951). Armenian-American Veterans of World War II. New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union of America. p. 173.
- Blevins, Joe (November 10, 2015). "The Dark, Angry Father of 'Alvin and the Chipmunks'". New York Magazine. Vulture.com. Archived from the original on November 30, 2018.
- Pearson, Ryan (December 21, 2007). "Chipmunks legacy is a family affair". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press.
- Holden, Stephen (May 9, 1986). "Pop/Jazz; Clooney and Bennett, Old-School Professionals". The New York Times.
- Tyler, Don (2008). Music of the Postwar Era. ABC-CLIO. p. 60. ISBN 9780313341915.
- Bentley, Rick (December 21, 2009). "Fresno native's chipmunks charm 3 generations". The Fresno Bee. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017.
- Gentry, Philip (2014). "Whiteness and Sex in the Music of Rosemary Clooney" (PDF). American Music Review. 43 (2).
- Orozco, Ron (January 22, 2015). "Fresno Art Museum show marks 100th anniversary of Armenian Genocide". The Fresno Bee. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017.
- Ross, Lillian; Gill, Brendan (September 8, 1951). "Everything A Song Ross". New Yorker.
- "Ross Bagdasarian, a.k.a. David Seville". www.rockabilly.nl.
- "SIMON WARONKER". www.rockabilly.nl.
- "Alfi And Harry - Trouble With Harry" – via www.45cat.com.
- "David Seville Songs ••• Top Songs / Chart Singles Discography ••• Music VF, US & UK hits charts". www.musicvf.com.
- Dougherty, Steve; Tomashoff, Craig (February 22, 1993). "Squeak of Success". People. (archived)
- Adams, Cecil (January 17, 1986). "How were the high-pitched voices of the Chipmunks created?". Chicago Reader. The Straight Dope. (archived)
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 53.
- "Today in 1959: First Grammy Awards handed out". Los Angeles Times. May 4, 2009.
- Dessem, Matthew (February 12, 2017). "A Look Back at the Most Legendary Grammy Wins of All Time". Slate.
- According to the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Crump, William D. (2013). The Christmas Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). McFarland. p. 71. ISBN 9781476605739.
- Alexander, Shana (March 23, 1959). "Alvin! Composer's yells at son inspire another chipmunk hit". Life: 43-44.
- "Alvin Plunges Into Side Lines". Billboard: 16. April 6, 1963.
- Wilson, Scott (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons (3rd ed.). McFarland. p. 36. ISBN 9781476625997.
- Ross Bagdasarian on IMDb
- Ross Bagdasarian Sr. at AllMovie
- History area on TheChipmunks.com with some photos and stories about Ross Bagdasarian
- Allmusic Entry
- David Seville Review at Rockabilly
| President of Bagdasarian Productions
Ross Bagdasarian Jr.
| Owner of Alvin and the Chipmunks|