Short twentieth century
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The term "short 20th century", originally proposed by Iván Berend (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) but defined by Eric Hobsbawm, a British Marxist historian and author, refers to the period between the years 1914 and 1991.
It started with World War I, which caused the end of the German, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires. World War II was greatly influenced by the outcome of World War I. The Cold War was a result of World War II and ended with the fall of the Soviet Union.