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Tijara is a city and a municipality in Alwar district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Tijara is situated 48 km to the northeast of Alwar. The nearest railway station is Khairthal. Bhiwadi is a census town in Tijara tehsil.This is the biggest industrial area of Rajasthan. Tijara comes under Ahirwal and dominated by Yadavs. Maman Singh Yadav is the MLA from Tijara.
Tijara is located at . It has an average elevation of 291 metres (954 feet). Ishroda is biggest village in population and area in Tijara tehsil. Tijara is easily reached from the Daruhera-Alwar road.
As of 2001[update] India census, Tijara had a population of 19,918. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Tijara has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 51%. In Tijara, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The mention of Tijara is found in the book, 'Mirat ul Masaud', which relates how Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi Barah Hazari (died 421 AH / 1030 AD), an officer of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in A.H. 420 (A.D. 1030) attacked Dhundgarh near Rewari, the Raja of which fled to his kinsman Rao Tej Pal Ahir of Rewari. The latter, in a night attack, killed Saiyad Ibrahim, but his disciple Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud compelled Tej Pal to fly to Tijara, where, in a battle, three relatives of Salar were killed. The tombs of some associates of Syed Mohammad Dost (Nana Barah Hazari), Rukn Alam Shaheed, Roshan Shaheed and Bhakan Shaheed in and around the town of Tijara are now places of pilgrimage.
Another tomb of the cousin of Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi (Barah Hazari), Syed Hameeduddin can also been seen at Kot Qasim (20 km away from Tijara), who was going as injured after the battle of Tijara to Rewari.
A sanad (decree conferring title of property) of Akbar's time speaks of "Tijara Shahbad" as though they were the principal towns of a district.
Also in the Ain-i-Akbari of Mughal King Akbar we have mention of the Khanzadas and a Thathar Rajput tribe living in Tijara where they occupied a brick fort along with 405,108 biggas of land of which the annual revenue was rs 11,906,847. The tribe had 400 cavalry and 2000 infantry soldiers at its disposal.
The city was largerly inhabited by Ahirs or Yadavs since ancient times. The Yadav's from Tijara are settled in villages of Delhi. In 850 Vikram Samvat, Yadav King Charu Rao was the king of Tijara. In around 1043 A.D, the family of King Harpal of Tijara, settled in the Dabur area of modern Delhi. This village is called Surheda. Since their connection with the ruler's of Tijara, people of these villages writes Rao as their surnames. Khanzadas Community in large number also lived in this town before partition in 1947.
In 1956, the excavation work was taken up for widening of the roads. While digging, a small "Talghar" was found. Late Smt. Saraswati devi w/o Late Biharilal jain discovered an idol on Shravan Shukla Dashmi (16:08:1956). This image bears the date "vaishakh shukla 3,1554 vikram samvat". Later on with the grace of Acharya Shri VimalSagar Ji maharaj, one white idol of Bhagwan chandraprabh was discovered on 29:3:1972. Tijara Fort has now been converted into a heritage hotel by the Neemrana Hotels group.
- Ferozepur Jhirka
- Jhimrawat - 20 km
- Ishroda- 9 km far from Tijara
- Kotkasim (20 km away from Tijara)
- Gothra (12 km away from Tijara via Kamal Nath Ashram Marg(Gahankar) and 22.1 km away from Tijara via Kishangarh )
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tijara
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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- Hayat Karam Hussain (Biography). Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India.
- "Biography". Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India.
- Om Prakash Jaggi (1967). History of Science, Technology and Medicine in India: Medicine in Medieval India 8. New Delhi: Atma Ram and Sons.
- Keswani, Nandkumar H (1970). "Medical Education in India since ancient times". In Victor E. Hall and CD O’Malley. UCLA Forum in Medical Sciences (No. 12) – The history of Medical Education (12th ed.). California, LA: University of California Press. pp. 329–366. ISBN 0520015789.
- "Holding fort". India Today. November 27, 2008.