Alwar State

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Alwar State
अलवर रियासत
Princely State of British India
1296–1949
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Alwar
Alwar State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1296
 •  Independence of India 1949
Area
 •  1895 j 8,547 km2 (3,300 sq mi)
Population
 •  1895 j 682,926 
Density 79.9 /km2  (206.9 /sq mi)
Today part of Rajasthan, India

Alwar State was a princely state ruled by a Rajput dynasty during the period of the British Raj in India. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 7 April 1949.[1]

History[edit]

Alwar has been a part of Matsya region of olden times whose capital was Viratnagar. "Alwar" was formerly known as "Ulwar".In fourteenth century Alwar became the capital of Khanzada Rajput dynasty's Mewat State, which was established by Chandrawanshi Rajput Raja Nahar Khan, who converted to Islam in fourteenth century during Firuz Shah Tughlaq's era. Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati was the last Khanzada Rajput Ruler of Mewat who fought against Babar in the Battle of Khanwa, after his defeat in the battle, the Khanzada Lords ceased control of Mewat. After the Battle of Khanwa, Alwar went under the control of Kachwaha Rajputs.

Pratap Singh, Thakur of Macheri, became a distinguished soldier of fortune in Jaipur State Forces, who eventually entered the Imperial service. He gained many victories against the Jats, receiving Imperial recognition of dominion over some of the territories he conquered. He established an independent Alwar state in 1770, and assumed the title of Maharao Raja of Alwar after successfully conquering the famous fort of that name. Alwar State remained independent princely state till the Partition of India.

Following the Partition of India in 1947, Alwar acceded unto the dominion of India. On 18 March 1948, the state merged with three neighboring princely states (Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli) to form the Matsya Union. This union in turn merged unto the Union of India. On 15 May 1949, it was united with certain other princely states and the territory of Ajmer to form the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan.[2]

Jai Dayal Yadav and Prime Minister of Matsya Union Shobha Ram Kumawat played a vital role in bringing education to the rural areas of Alwar after independence.[citation needed]

Rulers of Alwar state[edit]

Portrait of Thakur Raja Bakhtawar Singh, standing in a European-style interior.
  • Khanzada Muslim Rajputs till 16th century as part of Mewat.
  • Under Amber Kingdom rule till 1770.
  • Pratap Singh Prabhakar (1770–1791) Raja of Alwar
  • Bakhtawar Singh Prabhakar (1791–1815) Raja of Alwar
  • Bane Singh Prabhakar (1815–1857) Raja of Alwar
  • Sheodan Singh Prabhakar (1857–1874) Raja of Alwar
  • Mangal Singh Prabhakar (1874–1892) raja of Alwar
  • Jai Singh Prabhakar (1892–1937) raja of Alwar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°57′N 76°06′E / 27.950°N 76.100°E / 27.950; 76.100