Yorktown, New York
|Yorktown, New York|
|Motto: Progress with Preservation|
Location of Yorktown, New York
|• Justice||Gary J. Raniolo|
|• Supervisor||Michael Grace|
|• Total||39.3 sq mi (101.7 km2)|
|• Land||36.7 sq mi (95.0 km2)|
|• Water||2.6 sq mi (6.7 km2)|
|Elevation||459 ft (140 m)|
|• Density||920/sq mi (350/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979663|
Yorktown is a town in Westchester County, New York, in the suburbs of New York about 38 miles (61 km) north of midtown Manhattan. The town lies on the north border of Westchester County. The population was 36,081 at the 2010 census.
Yorktown has a rich historical heritage beginning with the earliest known inhabitants—Mohegan, Osceola, Amawalk, Kitchawan, and Mohansic—all familiar names of local places. Most of Yorktown was part of the Manor of Cortlandt, a Royal Manor established by King William III for the Van Cortlandt family. The Croton River, which runs through the southern part of Yorktown, was dammed by New York City to provide its first major source of clean and reliable water. The first Croton Dam was located in Yorktown and broke in 1842, causing significant damage to property and major loss of life.
During the American Revolution, Yorktown was of strategic importance, with the Pines Bridge crossing guarded by a regiment of Rhode Island troops made up mostly of African Americans who were massacred at the Davenport House in Croton Heights. A memorial to them is at the Presbyterian Church in Crompond. Major John André, a British officer who communicated with Benedict Arnold, ate his final breakfast at the Underhill House on Hanover Street just before his capture and eventual hanging as a spy.
Moving north after the battle of Yorktown, the French army camped at the site of today's French Hill Elementary School, where cannonballs and other relics have been found. Although rumors claim that George Washington passed through Yorktown, no factual records confirm this.
During the town's bicentennial in 1988, Yorktowners honored their historic heritage, including that of the 19th and 20th centuries, and commemorated their community's participation in events that led up to the birth and growth of the United States. A Bicentennial Committee reviewed the town's remaining historic sites and determined which should be preserved as a link between the Yorktown of yesterday and the Yorktown of tomorrow.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.3 square miles (102 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), or 6.57%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 36,318 people, 12,556 households, and 9,831 families residing in the town. The population density was 989.7 people per square mile (382.1/km²). There were 12,852 housing units at an average density of 350.2 per square mile (135.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.64% White, 3.04% African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population.
There were 12,556 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $83,819, and the median income for a family was $94,984 (these figures had risen to $105,253 and $119,413 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $62,071 versus $43,899 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,570. About 1.9% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
Yorktown once had five stations along the New York and Putnam Railroad — Kitchawan, Croton Lake, Croton Heights, Yorktown Heights and Amawalk. The railroad failed, was purchased by the New York Central, and was finally abandoned. The old right of way is now part of the North County Trailway which runs north as far as Carmel, New York. There is currently no rail service in Yorktown, but there are multiple Metro-North Railroad stations nearby.
- Roy Colsey, Major League Lacrosse player, grew up in Yorktown
- Nargis Fakhri, Bollywood actress
- Susan Faludi, American feminist, journalist, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner grew up in Yorktown.
- Robert Hannsen, convicted Russian spy, lived with his family in Yorktown at 2861 Mead St. in the mid-1980s
- Margaret Illington, stage actress popular in the first decade of the 20th century, lived on her Dreamlake estate in Yorktown
- Consuelo Kanaga, photographer and writer who became well known for her photographs of African-Americans
- Andrew Kavovit, Actor, grew up in Yorktown
- Dave Matthews, singer/songwriter, lived with his family in Yorktown before he moved to Virginia
- William Keepers Maxwell, Jr., fiction editor for the The New Yorker and novelist
- Terrence Murphy, New York State Senator
- Buster Olney, ESPN baseball analyst and former New York Yankees beat writer
- Clifford A. Pickover, writer. In his book, The Mobius Strip, he models the fictional New Devonshire on Yorktown. Pickover has used the Jefferson Valley Mall as the locale for his book The Heaven Virus.
- Al Roker, meteorologist, used to live in Yorktown while he was the husband of the town clerk, Alice Roker. The Town Board selected Alice Roker to be the town supervisor for the last three months of 2007 following the resignation of supervisor Linda Cooper.
- Anthony "Romeo" Santos, Dominican-American Born Grammy Award winning artist.
- Lawrence Treat, mystery writer and pioneer of the genre of novels police procedurals
- Aaron Sabater Comedian and actor famous for the urban film "Life Gap"  
- H. W. Wilson, founder of the H. W. Wilson Company, a publisher, lived in the Croton Heights section of Yorktown
Communities and locations in Yorktown
- Jefferson Valley
- Mohegan Lake (not completely in the town of Yorktown)
- Shrub Oak
- Yorktown Heights
- Croton Heights
- Crow Hill
- Osceola Lake
- Sparkle Lake
- Teatown (not completely in the town of Yorktown)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Norman, Jim. "Where There’s Never an Oil Shortage". New York Times. May 13, 2007.
- Tillman, Adriane. "Greasestock Festival returns, bigger and better". May 14, 2008.
- "Greasestock 2008". Greasestock. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Max, Josh. "Gas-guzzlers become veggie delights at Greasestock in Yorktown Heights". Daily News. May 13, 2008.
- "Greasestock 2008: Alternative Fuel, Fun and French Fries". Natural Awakenings. May 2008.
- http://www.thebluebook.com/ Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FA0F10F9385B11728DDDAC0A94DC405B808EF1D3 Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://findinglincolnillinois.com/ross-dyer-brummell.html Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://books.google.com/books?id=o_r4xQgkMZ8C&pg=PR9&lpg=PR9&dq=william+maxwell+yorktown&source=bl&ots=Y_Pr0RGHBN&sig=6UcZGVmgugOH9AODpI0ug4kAN0A&hl=en&ei=s_r7TYCLIOTl0QH4t_jYAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=william%20maxwell%20yorktown&f=false Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1998-01-14/news/9801130339_1_mystery-writers-mystery-readers-novel Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC199761/pdf/mlab00225-0118.pdf Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- Town of Yorktown official website
- Yorktown (New York) at DMOZ
- Citizens for an Informed Yorktown
- Yorktown Heights Fire Department