Tingo Maria National Park

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Tingo Maria National Park
Parque Nacional Tingo María
IUCN category II (national park)
Bella Durmiente TM-Peru-1.jpg
View of Pumarinri (or La Bella Durmiente), a limestone mountain range in the shape of a sleeping woman in Tingo Maria National Park
Map showing the location of Tingo Maria National Park
Map showing the location of Tingo Maria National Park
Map of Peru
Location Huánuco Region, Peru
Coordinates 9°22′37″S 75°59′53″W / 9.377°S 75.998°W / -9.377; -75.998[1]Coordinates: 9°22′37″S 75°59′53″W / 9.377°S 75.998°W / -9.377; -75.998[1]
Area 4,777 hectares (18.44 sq mi)
Established May 14, 1965 (by LEY-15574)
Governing body SERNANP

Tingo Maria National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Tingo María) is located in the districts of Rupa Rupa and Mariano Dámaso, in the region of Huánuco, Peru.[2] It was established on May 14, 1965 and its main attractions are the montane forest vegetation and the cave named Cueva de las Lechuzas (Spanish for Cave of the Owls) where the oilbirds nest.[2] The park has an area of 4,777 hectares (18.44 sq mi) that include Mount Pumarinri (Quechua for "cougar ear") or La Bella Durmiente (Spanish for Sleeping Beauty).[2]

Ecology[edit]

Flora[edit]

Vegetation in the park is characterized by the presence of very humid montane forests, above 1,800 m of elevation frequently covered with mist, and trees covered with plants, mosses and lichens due to humidity.[2]

Among the most notable plant species in the park are trees like cedro colorado (Cedrela odorata), palo blanco (Cinchona pubescens), cumala blanca (Virola calophylla), cumala colorada (Iryanthera laevis), quinilla (Manilkara bidentata subsp. surinamensis), sapotillo (Quararibea macrocalyx), tulpay (Clarisia racemosa) and lagarto caspi (Calophyllum brasiliense); palms like huasaí (Euterpe precatoria), ungurahui (Oenocarpus bataua), pona (Iriartea deltoidea), yarina (Phytelephas macrocarpa) and palmiche (Geonoma spp.); tree ferns (Cyathea spp.) and numerous orchids, being the most frequent Phragmipedium spp. (although Phragmipedium besseae is a threatened species).[2][3]

Fauna[edit]

Among the mammals present in the park are the South American tapir, the red brocket, the collared peccary, the ocelot, the black-capped squirrel monkey, the brown-mantled tamarin monkey, the red-faced spider monkey, the nine-banded armadillo, the pacarana, the Northern Amazon red squirrel, the kinkajou, and the South American coati.[3]

Birds reported in the area are the Andean cock-of-the-rock, the oilbird, the white-eyed parakeet, Salvin's curassow, Spix's guan, the blue-headed parrot, the king vulture, the Amazonian motmot, among others.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tingo María National Park". protectedplanet.net. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Tingo María" (in Spanish). SERNANP. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Plan Maestro del Parque Nacional Tingo María 2003-2007 (in Spanish). MINAG/INRENA. 2002. p. 33.