Tokyo Medical University
Tokyo Medical University (TMU) (東京医科大学 Tōkyō Ika Daigaku) is one of the medical schools established in Japan before World War II. In accordance with the nation’s policy for medical education, this private university has a six-year medical school curriculum that offers 'preclinical' and 'clinical' studies to confer a bachelor's degree or graduate degree with which medical students are qualified for the national medical licensing exam. TMU has a postgraduate school (graduate school or daigakuin in Japanese) that offers a Ph.D.
Manipulation of test scores
In August 2018, Tokyo Medical University came under attack for a policy of deliberately lowering entrance exam scores of female applicants by 10-20% in order to keep the number of female students below 30%. The policy is thought to have been in place since 2010, prior to which almost 40% of female students were admitted. The Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper quoted an unknown source at the university who attempted to explain the rationale for the discrimination, saying "many female students who graduate end up leaving the actual medical practice to give birth and raise children."
The Huffington Post reported that it was common for interviewers to probe female students about their marriage and child-rearing plans at their university entrance interview.
In the wake of the news, high ranking medical professionals including Kyoko Tanebe and Ruriko Tsushima, executive board members at the Japan Joint Association of Medical Professional Women as well as education minister Yoshimasa Hayashi, condemned the university and a practice thought to be prevalent in medical universities across Japan.
The university later admitted that exam scores had been altered, and apologized, saying it would consider admitting students who otherwise would have passed the exams. An internal investigation found the practice had been in place since 2006, that the scores of male applicants had also been marked down on at least four occasions, and that scores of students who had made donations to the school had been increased on 19 occasions.
In January 2019, the education ministry announced that as a consequence of the scandal it would not provide financial subsidies to Tokyo Medical University for the current or subsequent fiscal year.
The tertiary care teaching hospitals affiliated with TMU include Tokyo Medical University Hospital. Founded in 1931, this 1,091-bed hospital, featuring a medical staff of nearly 1,800, is in Nishi Shinjuku, a new center of Tokyo.
Collaboration with the WHO
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health at TMU collaborate in addressing noncommunicable diseases and mental health issues. The "WHO Collaborating Center for Health Promotion through Research and Training in Sports Medicine," which opened up in 1991, has thus far worked on building health communities and populations.
- "Medical school rigged exam scores to keep female ratio low：The Asahi Shimbun". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Tokyo university 'changed female scores'". BBC News. 2018-08-02. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- Editorial, Reuters. "Tokyo medical university cut women's exam scores to curb numbers:..." U.S. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Tokyo Medical University discriminated against female applicants by lowering entrance exam scores: sources". The Japan Times Online. 2018-08-02. ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "東京医大だけじゃない？入試での男女差別。医師らが証言「医大全体にあるとまことしやかに噂されていた」". HuffPost Japan (in Japanese). 2018-08-02. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
- "Tokyo medical school admits changing results to exclude women". Justin McCurry. The Guardian. 8 August 2018.
- "Tokyo Medical University apologises for changing female exam scores". BBC. 8 August 2018.
- "Government cuts off subsidies to Tokyo Medical University over entrance exam discrimination". The Japan Times. 22 January 2019.
- "Populist manifesto". World Health Organization. May 6, 2003. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- (in Japanese) Tokyo Medical University
- (in Japanese) Tokyo Medical University Hospital
- Tokyo Medical University Hospital link to English site