|Population||1,162 (2011 census)|
Toogoolawah (// too-GOO-lə-wə) is a small town in South East Queensland, Australia. Toogoolawah is a centre for gliding and parachuting and in the past the centre of a dairying industry. Cressbrook Creek, a tributary of the Brisbane River, passes through the town as does the Brisbane Valley Highway. At the 2011 census, Toogoolawah had a population of 1,162.
Toogoolawah is derived from the Aboriginal words "dhoo" (a generic term for tree) and "goo/lawa", meaning "crescent shaped" or "bent like a crescent moon". The name probably referred to a tree with a deformed trunk which stood on the site in Bulimba, rather than to the supposed shape outlined by the Brisbane River as it rounds Bulimba Point, as has been alleged.
What is now Toogoolawah township was surveyed privately when Cressbrook estate was subdivided and sold as dairy farms in 1904. The town plan was not registered with the survey office until 1 June 1909. The extension of the Brisbane Valley railway line from Esk to the new town (18.69 kilometres or 11.61 miles) was opened on 8 February 1904. James Henry McConnel, owner of Cresbrook station, suggested the name Bakewell after a village in Derbyshire, for the new town and railway station. The Railways Department however favoured the use of Aboriginal names, so McConnel then suggested Toogoolawah, the Aborigines' name for the locality in the Brisbane suburb of Bulimba where McConnel's town house was situated.
A Toogoolawah receiving office was opened in June 1904 and was elevated to post office status in July 1905. Toogoolawah State School opened on 30 May 1905. A condensed milk factory was built shortly after the railway station was opened. The factory was closed in 1929, after Nestlé moved all its condensed milk production to Victoria, resulting in the town's population decreasing by half.
The Toogoolawah War Memorial commemorates those who served in World War I. Unlike most war memorials that were erected after the war, the Toogoolawah memorial was unveiled during the war on 31 March 1917 by the Rev. Chaplain Merrington.
Toogoolawah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Gunyah Street: Toogoolawah War Memorial
- 58 Fulham Street: Inverness (house)
- Mangerton Street: St Andrew's Church
- Mangerton Street: St Andrew's Church Hall
- Mangerton Street: St Andrew's Rectory
- Frederick Lancelot Nott, dairy farmer of Toogoolawah and Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for the Electoral district of Stanley
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Toogoolawah (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2000). Heritage Trails of the Great South East. State of Queensland. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0-7345-1008-X.
- "Toogoolawah War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Toogoolawah Letter". Queensland Times (Ipswich) (Qld. : 1909 - 1954). Ipswich (Qld.): National Library of Australia. 3 April 1917. p. 7 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
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- "McConnell Park & Toogoolawah War Memorial (entry 600499)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Inverness (entry 600498)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "St Andrew's Church (entry 600502)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "St Andrew's Church Hall (entry 600500)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "St Andrew's Rectory (entry 600501)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
Media related to Toogoolawah at Wikimedia Commons