Transboundary protected area

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For other uses, see Peace park (disambiguation).

A transboundary protected area (TBPA) is a protected area that spans boundaries of more than one country or sub-national entity, where the political border sections that are enclosed within its area are abolished. This includes removal of all human-made physical boundaries, such as fences, allowing free migration of animals and humans within the area. A boundary around the area may however be maintained to prevent unauthorised border crossing. Such areas are also known by terms such as transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) or peace parks.[1] The Global Transbounday Protected Areas Network cites five different types of TBPAs as follows:[2]

  • Two or more contiguous protected areas across a national boundary
  • A cluster of protected areas and the intervening land
  • A cluster of separated protected areas without intervening land
  • A trans-border area including proposed protected areas
  • A protected area in one country aided by sympathetic land use over the border

The preservation of traditional animal migration patterns, ensuring sufficient food and water sources for population growth, are the primary reason for the creation of peace parks. Peace parks however also encourage tourism, economic development and goodwill between neighbouring countries, as well as facilitating travel of indigenous inhabitants of the area.[3]

Established 'peace parks'[edit]

On 1 February 1997, Anton Rupert, together with Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands and Nelson Mandela founded Peace Parks Foundation as a Nonprofit organization to facilitate the establishment of transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also called peace parks.[4]


International parks[edit]

United States interstate parks[edit]

Canadian interprovincial parks[edit]


  • The first transboundary protected area was established by the Swedish and the Norwegian Peace Movements in 1914, to celebrate 100 years of peace between Sweden and Norway. In 1959 the area was named Morokulien.
  • The European Green Belt running along the former Iron Curtain is considered a peace park.
  • A Peace Park has been established in the Red Sea between Israel and Jordan.
  • A project for the Green Line Peace Park in Cyprus, between the Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot territories, is being researched by Dr. Anna Grichting, Harvard University.
  • Interprovincial Park of Montoni (Livorno-Grosseto)


  • The demilitarized zone between North and South Korea and the Siachen glacier region between India and Pakistan have been proposed as peace parks. Saleem Ali, a professor from the University of Vermont, is involved in research into this.

Areas in the conceptual phase[edit]

Being aware of the importance of conserving the pristinity and ecology of Arctic region, there has been a global call to declare Arctic region as a global sanctuary / international peace park. The Save the Arctic[7] campaign by Greenpeace International, an environmental not-for-profit organization, has received online support from more than 50 lakh (five million) citizens from around the world.

Areas with treaty signed[edit]

Memorandum of agreements signed[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]