Twelve Heavenly Generals
In some Buddhist denominations, the Twelve Heavenly Generals or Twelve Divine Generals are the protective deities, or yaksha, of Bhaisajyaguru, the buddha of healing. They are introduced in the Bhaiṣajyaguruvaidūryaprabharāja Sūtra. They are collectively named as follows:
- simplified Chinese: 十二神将; traditional Chinese: 十二神將; pinyin: Shí'èr Shén Jiāng
- Japanese: Jūni Shinshō (十二神将?) or Jūni Shinnō (十二神王?) or Jūni Yakusha Taishō (十二薬叉大将?)
Names of Generals
The names of the generals are:
- Statues of the Twelve Heavenly Generals stand in Ngong Ping, Hong Kong. They are near the Statue of Big Buddha.
- In the anime Digimon Tamers, the twelve devas are named after the Twelve Heavenly Generals and their appearance is based on the animals of the Chinese zodiac. The same is true for the Shikigami in the manga and anime series Ghost Sweeper Mikami.
- In the anime Tokyo Ravens, the Twelve Divine Generals were named after these Twelve Heavenly Generals, referring to people with extraordinary abilities.
- This is the same with the anime Arata Kangatari, referring to the people with the most powerful Hayagamis of Amawakuni.
- The Glossary of Japanese Buddhism for an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture.
- Mary Neighbour Parent (2001). "JAANUS - Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System". Japanese Architectural and Art Historical Terminology (online ed.). Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- Mark Schumacher. "12 Divine Generals of Yakushi Buddha". A to Z Photo Dictionary: Japanese Buddhist Statuary. Retrieved 2009-06-24.