U.S. Women's Open
|Location||Southern Pines, North Carolina|
|Established||1946, 76 years ago|
|Course(s)||Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club, course in 2022|
|Par||71 (in 2022)|
|Length||6,638 yd (6,070 m) in 2022|
|Organized by||USGA (since 1953)|
|Prize fund||$10 million in 2022|
|Tournament record score|
|Aggregate||271 Minjee Lee (2022)|
|To par||–16 Juli Inkster (1999)|
|2022 U.S. Women's Open|
The U.S. Women's Open, one of 15 national golf championships conducted by the United States Golf Association (USGA), is the oldest of the LPGA Tour's five major championships, which includes the Chevron Championship, Women's PGA Championship, Women's Open Championship, and The Evian Championship.
Established 76 years ago in 1946, the U.S. Women's Open is the only event to have been recognized as a major by the LPGA since the group's founding in 1950. Originally operated by the Women's Professional Golfers Association (WPGA) for its first three years and the LPGA for the next four, it became a USGA event in 1953. Since 2018, the tournament has normally been held the week after Memorial Day. The U.S. Women's Open is the second major of the LPGA season and has the highest purse in women's golf. The most recent increase, announced in January 2022, saw the purse nearly double from its previous $5.5 million (2019–2021) to $10 million starting in 2022. The 2022 purse increase came about when the nonprofit health care company ProMedica was announced as the tournament's presenting sponsor.
For 2020, it was the final major of the year and be held for the first time over two courses, as it was postponed to December, due to the COVID-19 pandemic that postponed golf tournaments from March through June.
In 2007, international players outnumbered Americans for the first time. The 2008 tournament was won South Korean Inbee Park, who became the event's youngest winner ever at age 19 years, 11 months, 17 days. In 2021, Yuka Saso matched Park as the youngest winner ever.
Since 2018, the U.S. Women's Open has normally been held prior to its men's counterpart (rather than following it and the U.S. Senior Open). When announcing this schedule change, the USGA stated that it would "provide optimum playing conditions for the world's best players across a broader variety of the country's finest golf courses."
The playoff format was modified in 2018, reduced from three to two aggregate holes, followed by sudden death. The last 18-hole playoff was in 2006; the three-hole playoff was introduced the following year and used in 2011 and 2016.
The U.S. Women's Open is open to any professional or amateur female golfer. Amateurs must have an up-to-date USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 2.4, lowered in 2014 from 4.4 in 2013. Players may obtain a place by being exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying.
In 2002, a two-stage method of qualification was introduced: 18 holes for local qualifying and 36 holes for sectional qualifying. In 2010, the qualification process reverted to a single sectional stage of 36 holes played on a single day.
The criteria for exemption from qualifying has changed through the years. In 2010, there were eleven exemption categories, including winners of the U.S. Women's Open for the last ten years, winners of the other three majors for the last five years, the top 50 from the previous year's LPGA Tour money list, the top five from the previous year's Japan LPGA Tour, Korea LPGA Tour, and Ladies European Tour money lists, and official winners of LPGA co-sponsored events for the 52-week period prior to the U.S. Women's Open.
Winners of major amateur tournaments are also exempt. Currently, winners of the U.S. Girls' Junior, and U.S. Women's Mid-Amateur and the finalist of the U.S. Women's Amateur (all USGA events) are exempt provided they did not turn professional beforehand. Winners of the Augusta National Women's Amateur Championship will qualify effective with the inaugural tournament in 2019. The U.S. Women's Amateur champion is exempt, regardless of turning professional between the Women's Amateur and the U.S. Women's Open as a result of an August 2019 rule change by the USGA.
The number following some winners' names indicates the cumulative number of U.S. Women's Open wins for that player.
- The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
This table lists the golfers who have won more than one U.S. Women's Open.
|Deceased golfer †|
|Career Grand Slam winners ‡|
|Betsy Rawls||United States||4||1951, 1953, 1957, 1960|
|Mickey Wright ‡||United States||4||1958, 1959, 1961, 1964|
|Babe Zaharias †||United States||3||1948, 1950, 1954|
|Susie Berning||United States||3||1968, 1972, 1973|
|Hollis Stacy||United States||3||1977, 1978, 1984|
|Annika Sörenstam ‡||Sweden||3||1995, 1996, 2006|
|Louise Suggs ‡||United States||2||1949, 1952|
|Donna Caponi||United States||2||1969, 1970|
|JoAnne Carner||United States||2||1971, 1976|
|Betsy King||United States||2||1989, 1990|
|Patty Sheehan||United States||2||1992, 1994|
|Karrie Webb ‡||Australia||2||2000, 2001|
|Juli Inkster ‡||United States||2||1999, 2002|
|Meg Mallon||United States||2||1991, 2004|
|Inbee Park||South Korea||2||2008, 2013|
The defending champion has retained the title on seven occasions, most recently 21 years ago in 2001:
- 2001 - Karrie Webb
- 1996 - Annika Sörenstam
- 1990 - Betsy King
- 1978 - Hollis Stacy
- 1973 - Susie Berning
- 1970 - Donna Caponi
- 1959 - Mickey Wright
Through 2022, three consecutive championships has not been achieved.
|Year||Edition||Course||Location||Dates||Previous championships hosted|
|2023||78th||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||July 6–9|
|2024||79th||Lancaster Country Club||Lancaster, Pennsylvania||May 30 – June 2||2015|
|2025||80th||Erin Hills||Erin, Wisconsin||May 29 – June 1|
|2026||81st||Riviera Country Club||Pacific Palisades, California||TBD|
|2027||82nd||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||TBD|
|2028||83rd||Oakmont Country Club||Plum, Pennsylvania||TBD||1992, 2010|
|2029||84th||Pinehurst No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||TBD||2014|
|2030||85th||Interlachen Country Club||Edina, Minnesota||TBD||2008|
|2031||86th||Oakland Hills Country Club||Bloomfield Township, Michigan||TBD|
|2034||89th||Merion Golf Club||Haverford, Pennsylvania||TBD|
|2035||90th||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||TBD||2023|
- Pebble Beach Golf Links is also slated to host in 2040 and 2048.
- Oakmont Country Club is also slated to host in 2038.
- Oakland Hills Country Club is also slated to host in 2042.
- Merion Country Club is also slated to host in 2046.
- "U.S. Women's Open: History". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Nichols, Beth Ann (May 28, 2019). "U.S. Women's Open champion will earn $1 million for the first time". USA Today.
- Azzi, Alex (January 7, 2022). "U.S. Women's Open doubles purse with new presenting sponsor". On Her Turf. NBC Sports. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
- "U.S. Women's Open moved to December; LPGA shuffles schedule". ESPN. April 3, 2020.
- "U.S. Women's Open Notebook". PGA Tour. Associated Press. June 26, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
- "Yuka Saso birdies third playoff hole, becomes second teen to win U.S. Women's Open". ESPN. Associated Press. June 6, 2021.
- "Shoal Creek to Host 2018 U.S. Women's Open". USGA. May 26, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
- "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- "U.S. Women's Open sectional qualifying complete". USGA. June 4, 2014. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- "2013 Women's Open Fact Sheet". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- "2010 U.S. Open Qualifying". Archived from the original on June 12, 2009.
- "Lucy Li, 11, qualifies for U.S. Open". ESPN. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- Dixon, Peter (June 30, 2007). "Thompson proves that youngsters can have fun". The Times. London. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- "New Exemption Changes for U.S. Women's and U.S. Amateur" (Press release). USGA. August 5, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "1946-2010 - US Women's Open - history - purses & winners' shares" (PDF). LPGA. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- "Lancaster Country Club to Host 2024 US Womens Open Championship". LPGA. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Pine, Julia (April 16, 2019). "Erin Hills to Host 2025 Women's Open, 2022 Mid-Amateur". USGA.
- "U.S. Women's Open Future Sites". USGA. Retrieved October 24, 2021.