Shinnecock Hills Golf Club

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Shinnecock Hills G.C.
Shinnecock Hills GC 01.jpg
Clubhouse at the 2018 U.S. Open
Club information
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is located in the US
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is located in New York
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Coordinates 40°53′38″N 72°26′24″W / 40.894°N 72.440°W / 40.894; -72.440Coordinates: 40°53′38″N 72°26′24″W / 40.894°N 72.440°W / 40.894; -72.440
Location Southampton, New York, U.S.
Elevation 20–90 feet (6–27 m)
Established 1891; 127 years ago (1891)
Type Private Equity
Total holes 18
Tournaments hosted U.S. Open (5), Walker Cup, U.S. Amateur, U.S. Women's Amateur
Designed by William Flynn (1931)
C. B. MacDonald (1901)
Willie Dunn (1894)
Willie Davis (1891)
Par 70
Length 6,940 yards (6,346 m) (red)[1]
7,440 yards (6,800 m)
(2018 U.S. Open)
Course rating 74.4
Slope rating 140[1][2]
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Nearest city Southampton, New York
Area 259 acres (105 ha)
Built 1892
Architect McKim, Mead & White; et al.
Architectural style Bungalow/American Craftsman
NRHP reference # 00001211[3]
Added to NRHP September 29, 2000

Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is a links-style golf club located in an unincorporated area of the Town of Southampton on Long Island, New York, situated between the Peconic Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.[4]

Shinnecock Hills claims to be the oldest formal organized golf club in the United States (1891), to have the oldest golf clubhouse in the U.S. (1892), and to have been the first to admit women, which it did from the start.

Shinnecock Hills is a founding member of the United States Golf Association. It has hosted several important events, notably five U.S. Opens, and is scheduled to host a sixth in 2026. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.[5][6] It is routinely ranked as one of the top golf courses in the United States.[7]

History[edit]

The club traces its roots to an 1889–1890 trip by William K. Vanderbilt, Edward Meade, and Duncan Cryder, to Biarritz in southern France where they encountered champion golfer Willie Dunn, from Scotland, who was building a golf course at the resort.[4][8]

Back in the United States, Meade and Cryder scouted for a place for a golf course near New York City. Meade, known for his cowboy-ish antics trading commodities, was convinced that upstate New York would be the ideal location, but Cryder preferred a parcel of land in Yonkers. Ultimately, they chose the sandhills adjoining the Long Island Rail Road just east of the Shinnecock Canal. The 80-acre (32 ha) parcel was purchased for $2,500 and 44 original members signed up for $100 each.[8]

Willie Davis, the club professional from the Royal Montreal Club, designed a 12-hole course that opened in late summer 1891.[8] Members of Shinnecock Indian Nation helped build the course,[9] which is on land they have laid claim to and which remains in litigation. Stanford White designed the 1892 clubhouse, said to be the oldest golf clubhouse in the United States.[8] A nine-hole ladies-only course was designed and built at Shinnecock Hills in 1893.[10]

In 1894, Dunn arrived and added six more holes bringing the total to 18. That same year Dunn won the tournament which was an inaugural attempt to establish a national championship at Newport, Rhode Island, but this victory was not recognized as official. Later in 1894, Shinnecock Hills was one of five founding clubs of the United States Golf Association, established in New York City. The new USGA held the first U.S. Open in 1895 in Newport, Rhode Island.[8]

In 1896 the then–5,000 yd (4,570 m) Shinnecock hosted the second U.S. Open. Many players broke 80 in the 36-hole event, which led to demands to increase the course's difficulty. Participating in the 1896 Open was black professional player John Shippen, believed by many historians to have been the first USA-born golf professional.

The popular ladies' course was abandoned in 1901 to allow for a lengthening and redesign by Charles B. Macdonald and Seth Raynor, retaining five of Dunn's original holes.[10]

William Flynn extensively redesigned the course in 1931 into a 6,740-yard (6,163 m) configuration. Flynn's design retains five of the holes by Macdonald and Raynor, and the green of a sixth hole designed by those two. Prior to the 2004 U.S. Open, the course was extended to a length of 6,996 yards (6,397 m) by the addition of extra tees.[1]

Shinnecock Hills was ranked second in Golf Digest's 100 Greatest Courses Ranking for 2007, 2008, and third in 2009.[citation needed]

Its routing was retained, and several new tees were added, in preparation for the 2018 U.S. Open; the course was extended to 7,440 yards, retaining its par of 70. The design modifications were performed by Ben Crenshaw and Bill Coore. The club also maintains a nine-hole secondary course.[11]

Notable events hosted[edit]

The Stanford White designed clubhouse, as viewed from the 16th hole.
Year Event Winner Total To par Margin
of victory
Runner(s)-up Winner's
share ($)
2018 U.S. Open (5) United States Brooks Koepka 281 +1 1 stroke England Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000
2004 U.S. Open (4) South Africa Retief Goosen 276 −4 2 strokes United States Phil Mickelson 1,125,000
1995 U.S. Open (3) United States Corey Pavin 280 E 2 strokes Australia Greg Norman 350,000
1986 U.S. Open (2) United States Raymond Floyd 279 −1 2 strokes United States Chip Beck
United States Lanny Wadkins
115,000
1977 Walker Cup  United States 24 matches 16 to 8 United Kingdom Great Britain &
Republic of Ireland Ireland
1900 U.S. Women's Amateur United States Frances Griscom match play 6 & 5 United States Margaret Curtis
1896 U.S. Open Scotland James Foulis 152 3 strokes England Horace Rawlins 150
 1896  U.S. Amateur Scotland H. J. Whigham match play 8 & 7 United States Joseph G. Thorp
  • A sixth U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills is scheduled for 2026

Scorecard[edit]

Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Tee Rating/Slope 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
2018 U.S. Open 74.7 / 140 399 252 500 475 589 491 189 439 485 3819 415 159 469 374 519 409 616 175 485 3621 7440
Par 4 3 4 4 5 4 3 4 4 35 4 3 4 4 4 4 5 3 4 35 70
Red 74.4 / 140 391 221 456 409 529 456 184 361 411 3418 412 158 469 372 447 408 542 169 426 3403 6821
Green 72.3 / 134 380 193 422 373 487 415 173 319 373 3135 402 150 427 354 436 357 464 149 374 3113 6248
Blue 70.3 / 129
White 72.5 / 131 366 146 395 303 413 368 133 281 307 2712 337 121 396 325 361 288 406 140 289 2663 5375

Sources:[1][2][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Coure ratings". Shinnecock Hills golf Club. Retrieved May 9, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Course Rating and Slope Database™ - Shinnecock Hills Golf Club". USGA. Retrieved May 9, 2018. 
  3. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ a b Grimsley, Will (June 12, 1986). "U.S. Open course was once closed to the pros". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. C1. 
  5. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ Alison Cornish (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Shinnecock Hills Golf Club". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-02-20.  See also: "Accompanying seven photos".  and: "Additional documentation". 
  7. ^ [https://www.golfdigest.com/story/shinnecock-hills-golf-club "Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Southampton, N.Y. / 7,450 yards, Par 70 / Points: 69.2301"] Golf Digest. January 4, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e World Atlas of Golf: The Greatest Courses and How They Are Played by N. Hamlyn, Herbert Warren Wind, Charles Price, Peter Thomson, Mark Rowlinson - Octopus Publishing Group – 2006 ISBN 978-0-600-61375-6
  9. ^ World Atlas of Golf, 1988 edition
  10. ^ a b http://www.golf.com/golf/courses_travel/coursefinder/course/0,28290,1443177,00.html
  11. ^ Golf Digest, U.S. Open preview, June 2018
  12. ^ "Course Ratings". 

External links[edit]