Aerial view of the Verkhoyansk Mountains
|Peak||Orulgan high point|
|Elevation||2,409 m (7,904 ft)|
|Length||1,100 km (680 mi)|
|Parent range||East Siberian System|
|Age of rock||Cretaceous|
|Type of rock||Metamorphic rocks|
The Verkhoyansk Range (Russian: Верхоянский хребет, Verkhojanskiy Khrebet; Yakut: Үөһээ Дьааҥы сис хайата, Üöhee Caañı sis xayata) is a mountain range of eastern Siberia. Rising from the shores of the Buor-Khaya Gulf in the north, it runs southwards spanning roughly 1000 km (600 mi.) across Yakutia reaching the Yudoma-Maya Highlands. It forms a vast arc between the Lena and Aldan rivers to the west and the Yana River to the east. Its highest point is an unnamed 2,409 metres (7,904 ft) high peak in the southern reaches of the range. The range lies just west of the boundary of the Eurasian and the North American tectonic plates.
The world's lowest temperatures for inhabited places have been recorded in this region, and there is quite deep snow cover for most of the year. During the Last Glacial Maximum the range contained extensive glaciers, and the scenery in the summer is typical of "alpine" mountains. The mountain range is home to an alpine tundra, supporting various species of mosses and lichens. Some sparsely-wooded forests of mainly larch and dwarf Siberian pine are found on smooth slopes. The range was covered by glaciers during the Last Glacial Period and displays a typical Alpine relief.
The Verkhoyansk Range has a higher southeastern prolongation, the Suntar-Khayata Range, that is occasionally considered as a separate range system. Thus the highest point of the range in a restricted geographical sense is an unnamed peak in the Orulgan Range. Also the Skalisty Range, highest point 2,017 metres (6,617 ft), and the Sette Daban, highest point 2,012 metres (6,601 ft), are located at the SE end and are considered separate ranges.
Besides the Orulgan, the system of the range comprises a number of subranges, including the following:
- Kharaulakh Range, highest point 1,429 metres (4,688 ft)
- Dzhardzhan Range
- Sietinden Range
- Kular Range, highest point 1,289 metres (4,229 ft)
- Byrandia Range
- Kuyellyakh Range
- Taghinoyan Range
- Kuturghin Range
- Munkin Range
- Kelter Range
- Sordoghin Range
- Khunkhadin Range
- Ust-Vilyuy Range
- Ulakhan Bom
- News Archive - The Earth Institute at Columbia University
- "Verkhoyansk Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- Verkhoyansk Range // Great Soviet Encyclopedia: [in 30 vols.] / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov. - 3rd ed. - M. Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978.
- Oleg Leonidovič Kryžanovskij, A Checklist of the Ground-beetles of Russia and Adjacent Lands. p. 16
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