The Mashriq (مشرق, also Mashreq, Mashrek) is the region of Arab countries to the east of Libya. This composes the countries of Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, and Syria. Poetically the ‘place of sunrise’, the name is derived from the verb sharaqa (شرق ‘to shine, illuminate, radiate’ and ‘to rise’), referring to the direction where the sun rises, namely, the east.
^El Mansour, Mohamed (2013). "Maghribis in the Mashriq". In Julia Clancy-Smith. North Africa, Islam and the Mediterranean World. Routledge. p. 84. ISBN978-1-135-31206-0. [...] the respect Maghribis had for the religious authorities of the Arab East. In reality one of the basic motivations that drove Maghribi scholars eastward was their eagerness to meet these authorities and benefit from their knowledge.