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French America (French: Amérique française), sometimes called Franco-America, in contrast to Anglo-America, is the French-speaking community of people and their diaspora, notably those tracing back origins to New France, the early French colonization of the Americas. The Canadian province of Quebec is the centre of the community and is the point of origin of most of French America. It also includes communities in all provinces of Canada (especially in New Brunswick, where francophones are roughly one third of the population), Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy, Martinique, Guadeloupe (all are parts of France), Saint Lucia and Haiti in the Caribbean; French Guiana (overseas region of France) in South America. Also there are minorities of French speakers in part of the United States (New England, Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, Texas, California, Illinois and New York), Dominica, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago.
Because French is a Romance language, French America is sometimes considered to be part of Latin America, but this term more often refers to Hispanic America and Portuguese America, or simply the Americas south of the United States.
Countries, administrative divisions and French possessions
This is a list of countries, administrative divisions and French possessions in the Americas having the French language as an official language or where a French-based creole language is commonly spoken. The data of each place are based in the 2012–2013 Census.
|Country||Population||Area (km2)[a]||GDP (nominal)||GDP (nominal) per capita|
|Clipperton Island (France)||0||6|
|French Guiana (France)||244,118||83,534||€15,416|
|Guadeloupe (France)||402,119[note 2]||1,628||€19,810 |
|New Brunswick (Canada)||747,101[note 3]||72,907||$31,974 million||$47,443|
|Quebec (Canada)||8,164,361||1,542,056||$394,819 million||$47,443|
|Saint Barthélemy (France)||9,279||25|
|Saint Lucia||173,765||617||$1.239 billion||$7,769|
|Saint Martin (France)||35,594||53.2|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)||6,057||242||€26,073|
Members and corresponding diasporas
- American French
- Franco-American relations
- French Canadians
- French colonization of the Americas
- French language in the United States
- French Louisiana
- French West Indies
- French-based creole languages
- History of Quebec
- New England French
- Missouri French
- Colonial French
- New France
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon
- Louisiana Creole
- French language in Canada
- Newfoundland French
- "Ethnic Origin (232), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Responses (3) (2001 Census)". 2.statcan.ca. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Populations légales 2013: Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble, INSEE
- INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012". Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Haiti". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "GDP (current US$) - Haiti | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
- "Institut de la statistique Quebéc". International Monetary Fund.
- "Institut de la statistique Quebéc".
- INSEE. "Actualités : 2008, An 1 de la collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-31.
- "Saint Lucia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- "Evaluation du PIB 2004 de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon – janvier 2007" (PDF). p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Values listed in km².