Vero Beach, Florida

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City of Vero Beach, Florida
City
Nickname(s): 
Hibiscus City
Motto(s): 
Where the Tropics Begin
Location in Indian River County and the state of Florida
Location in Indian River County and the state of Florida
Vero Beach is located in Florida
Vero Beach
Vero Beach
Location in the United States
Vero Beach is located in the United States
Vero Beach
Vero Beach
Vero Beach (the United States)
Coordinates: 27°39′N 80°23′W / 27.650°N 80.383°W / 27.650; -80.383Coordinates: 27°39′N 80°23′W / 27.650°N 80.383°W / 27.650; -80.383
CountryUnited States
State Florida
CountyIndian River
Settled1870
Incorporated (Vero)1919
Incorporated (Vero Beach)1925
Government
 • TypeCommission-Manager
Area
 • City13.34 sq mi (34.56 km2)
 • Land11.44 sq mi (29.63 km2)
 • Water1.91 sq mi (4.93 km2)  14.31%
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City15,220
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
16,751
 • Density1,464.38/sq mi (565.42/km2)
 • Metro
130,100
 Census Bureau
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
32960 thru 32969
Area code(s)772
FIPS code12-74150[3]
GNIS feature ID0292760[4]
Websitehttp://www.covb.org

Vero Beach is a city in and the seat of Indian River County, Florida, United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2010 data, the city had a population of 15,220.[5]

History[edit]

Pre-Columbian[edit]

Parts of a human skeleton were found north of Vero in association with the remains of Pleistocene animals in 1915. The find was controversial, and the view that the human remains dated from much later than the Pleistocene prevailed for many years.[6] In 2006, an image of a mastodon or mammoth carved on a bone was found in vicinity of the Vero man discovery. A scientific forensic examination of the bone found the carving had probably been done in the Pleistocene.[7] Archaeologists from Mercyhurst University, in conjunction with the Old Vero Ice Age Sites Committee (OVIASC), conducted excavations at the Old Vero Man site in Vero Beach in 2014–15.[8] Starting in 2016, archaeologists from Florida Atlantic University joined the Old Vero Man site excavations.[9]

Post-Columbian[edit]

In 1715, a Spanish treasure fleet wrecked off the coast of Vero. Eleven out of twelve Spanish ships carrying tonnes of silver foundered in a hurricane. The remains of the silver attracted pirates. A group of 300 unemployed English privateers led by Henry Jennings stole about £87,500 in gold and silver in their first acts of piracy.

In 1872 Captain Allen W. Estes officially established the first land patent between the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian River Lagoon, after settling in the area in 1870.[10][11]

In 1893 Henry Flagler’s Florida East Coast Railway began operation through the area.[12]

The town of Vero was chartered on June 13, 1919.[13][14]

Vero was officially renamed "Vero Beach" and was switched from being part of St. Lucie County to become the county seat of Indian River County when it was formed in June, 1925.[15] There are many theories on possible origin of the city name, but there's no consensus.[15]

During the war year of 1942 the U.S. Navy selected 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) surrounding the Vero Beach Municipal Airport as the site of Fort Pierce Naval Amphibious Training Base, a Naval Air Station. Due to the bombing practices conducted during the WWII, there are many buried explosives and the Army Corps officials have conducted ongoing search & clearing exercises for the potentially dangerous items since 2014.[16][17]

In 1951 Barber Bridge was built from mainland to barrier islands. It was later demolished and replaced in 1995 with the Merrill P. Barber Bridge. It is named after Merrill P. Barber who was the mayor of Vero beach in 1947.[18]

In 1957 Piper Aircraft began research and development in Vero Beach. In 1961 Piper Aircraft moved administrative and manufacturing operations to Vero after completing building additions.[19]

In 1965 the A1A bridge over the Sebastian Inlet connected the two barrier islands.[20][12] In 1979, the 17th Street Bridge was completed, allowing a second point of access from Vero Beach mainland to the barrier islands.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[3][21] there were 15,220 people, 7,505 households, and 3,946 families residing in the city. There were 10,258 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 4.8% Black, 0.30% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.7% of the population.

There were 7,505 households out of which 16.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.4% were non-families. 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older with 4.8% being 85 years and older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.1% under the age of 16, 84.1% over 18, 4.3% from 15 to 19, 4.9% from 20 to 24, 5.5% from 20 to 25 and 29.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.9 years.

For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. The population consists of 51.3% female and 48.7% male.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Vero Beach has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and warm, sunny, and dry winters. The average annual temperature is 72.7 °F, with an annual high temperature of 81.4 °F and an annual low temperature of 64 °F. On average Vero Beach is frost free.[22]

Climate data for Vero Beach, Florida (1980-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 72.8
(22.7)
74.9
(23.8)
77.8
(25.4)
81.3
(27.4)
85.8
(29.9)
89.0
(31.7)
90.5
(32.5)
90.5
(32.5)
88.7
(31.5)
84.6
(29.2)
79.3
(26.3)
74.7
(23.7)
82.5
(28.1)
Average low °F (°C) 50.4
(10.2)
53.0
(11.7)
56.5
(13.6)
60.2
(15.7)
66.2
(19.0)
71.1
(21.7)
72.6
(22.6)
72.9
(22.7)
72.1
(22.3)
67.1
(19.5)
59.8
(15.4)
54.1
(12.3)
63.0
(17.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.3
(58)
2.5
(64)
3.8
(97)
2.7
(69)
3.4
(86)
6.8
(170)
6.2
(160)
7.4
(190)
7.0
(180)
4.7
(120)
3.0
(76)
2.2
(56)
52
(1,326)
Source: USA.com[23]



Historical population
Census Pop.
1920793
19302,268186.0%
19403,05034.5%
19504,74655.6%
19608,84986.5%
197011,90834.6%
198016,17635.8%
199017,3507.3%
200017,7052.0%
201015,220−14.0%
Est. 201616,751[2]10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Vero Beach is home to general aviation manufacturer Piper Aircraft, which is the largest private employer in Indian River County. As of July 2015, Piper employed approximately 750 people. Aside from Piper, the bulk of commercial activity in Vero Beach centers around tourism, the citrus industry and service activities.

Retail[edit]

There are two large shopping malls the Indian River Mall and the Vero Beach Outlets just west of I-95 on State Road 60. There are small specialty shops along Ocean Drive on the barrier island and in what is called the "Miracle Mile." The Historic Downtown is a newly revitalized area of shopping, dining, antique stores and art galleries.

Tourism[edit]

A large part of tourism in Vero Beach is taken in part by The Disney Resort in Vero (Disney's Vero Beach Resort)

Points of interest[edit]

Beaches[edit]

The beaches in Vero Beach are part of Florida's Treasure Coast. Vero's three main public beaches are South Beach, accessible at the eastern end of State Road 656 at the eastern end of 17th Street; Humiston Park, in Vero's Central Beach Business District on Ocean Drive and Jaycee Park which is adjacent to Conn Beach. These beaches are lifeguard protected from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. There are 26 miles of oceanfront shore in Indian River County. Vero Beach also has other free public access trails and walkways with beach access, such as Riomar Beach, Sea Cove, Sea Grape Trail, Sexton Plaza, and Turtle Trail.

Water recreation in the Indian River Lagoon[edit]

The Indian River Lagoon, passing through Vero Beach, forms a significant portion of the Intracoastal Waterway, and is a hub for boating, fishing, water skiing, diving, kayaking and other small-craft waterborne activities.

Resorts[edit]

Disney's Vero Beach Resort is officially located in Wabasso, a small town north of Vero Beach.

Historic Dodgertown[edit]

Vero Beach is home to Historic Dodgertown, the former Spring Training facility of the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. Since the team's departure for a new Spring home in Arizona in 2008, it now serves as a year-round multi-purpose facility for athletes of all ages.

Vero Beach had been the Spring training home of the Los Angeles Dodgers since 1948. The Dodgers left Vero Beach in 2008 for Glendale, AZ.
National Register of Historic Places[edit]
Vero Railroad Station
McKee Jungle Gardens

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Vero Beach Regional Airport is a public airport one mile northwest of Vero Beach, offering commercial jet service by Elite Airways.

Bus[edit]

Vero Beach is served by GoLine Bus routes.[25]

Rail[edit]

The Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) mainline bisects Vero Beach, with an active team track in town serving a lumber/building products customer.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Indian River County School District operates the following public schools serving Vero Beach:[26]

  • Vero Beach High School
  • Gifford Middle School
  • Oslo Middle School
  • Storm Grove Middle School
  • Beachland Elementary School
  • Citrus Elementary School
  • Dodgertown Elementary School
  • Glendale Elementary School
  • Indian River Academy (elementary school)
  • Liberty Magnet School (elementary)
  • Osceola Magnet School (elementary)
  • Rosewood Magnet School (elementary)
  • Vero Beach Elementary School
  • Alternative Center for Education

Charter schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

  • Saint Edward's School. Independent College Preparatory in Episcopal School Tradition; grades pre-K–12[27]
  • St. Helen Catholic School[28]
  • Anderson Academy. Private; grades 8–12
  • Masters Academy. Private; grades pre-K–12
  • Tabernacle Christian School. Private; grades K-8 http://www.tcsverobeach.org/
  • SunCoast School. Private; grades pre-K–8

Colleges[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Mitchem, Jeffery M. (2006). The Vero and Melbourne Discoveries: Scientific Controversy in the Early Twentieth Century. 58th Annual Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society. pp. 1–3. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  7. ^ Purdy, Barbara A., Kevin S. Jones, John J. Mecholsky, Gerald Bourne, Richard C. Hurlbert Jr., Bruse J. MacFadden, Krista L. Church, Michael W. Warren, Thomas F. Jorstad, Dennis J. Stanford, Melvin J. Wachowiak, and Robert J. Speakman (November 2011). "Earliest Art in the Americas: incised image of a proboscidean on a mineralized extinct animal bone from Vero Beach, Florida". Journal of Archaeological Science. 38 (11): 2908–2913. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2011.05.022.
  8. ^ Begley, Janet (November 20, 2015). "Mercyhurst University pulls out of Old Vero Man site excavations". TCPalm. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  9. ^ "Partnership-FAU/Harbor Branch". Old Vero Ice Age Sites Committee. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  10. ^ "Homes for sale in Vero Beach". North Beach Realty. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  11. ^ "Vero Beach – A Quick Timeline". Norris and Company Blog. April 25, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "A Brief History of Vero Beach, Sebastian, Fellsmere & Indian River County". verobeach.com. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  13. ^ "Vero Beach 100 History". Vero Beach Centennial. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  14. ^ "Vero Beach to celebrate centennial with year-long bash". TCPalm. February 28, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  15. ^ a b Cooper, Pamela J. (2019). "Where did Vero Beach get its name?" (PDF). Vero Beach Centennial. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "Munitions search scheduled for Wednesday at South Beach Park – Vero News". veronews.com. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  17. ^ "Parts of South Beach Park in Vero Beach closed during search for buried WWII explosives". TCPalm. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  18. ^ Thomas, Milt (April 1, 2019). "History of Vero's bridges immortalized with marker". Indian River Guardian. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  19. ^ "History". Piper. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  20. ^ "Vero Beach Florida History and Photos". messiahnj.org. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  21. ^ US Census bureau. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  22. ^ "Climate Vero Beach - Florida and Weather averages Vero Beach". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  23. ^ "Climatological Information for Vero Beach, Florida", USA.com, 2003. Web: [1].
  24. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  25. ^ "GoLineIRT.com - Indian River Transit - GoLine bus transit". golineirt.com. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  26. ^ "School District of Indian River County". indianriverschools.com. 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  27. ^ "Saint Edward's School | Private School in Vero Beach, FL | Saint Edward's School". www.steds.org. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  28. ^ Welcome to St. Helen Catholic School Archived July 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "Treasure Coast Technical College". tctc.indianriverschools. 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  30. ^ "Home Alone". The Weekly Standard. June 11, 2001. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  31. ^ "Lake Bell - Biography". IMDb. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  32. ^ "Q&A: Gloria Estefan on her Florida hotels". USATODAY.com. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  33. ^ "Famous Iowans - Tom Fadden". DesMoinesRegister.com. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  34. ^ Santucci, Jon (March 17, 2012). "Fielder's career path takes him from St. Edward's to the Tigers » TCPalm.com". Scripps Treasure Coast Newspapers. Retrieved July 25, 2012. Fielder, who lived briefly in Vero Beach growing up, spoke with Scripps Treasure Coast Newspapers about his memories of St. Edward's high school, his offseason and his new team.
  35. ^ "SOLAR CELL INVENTOR DIES". Palm Beach Post. 2 November 1994.
  36. ^ Goodnow, Cecelia (September 29, 2005). "Carl Hiaasen relishes reachinga new generation of greenies". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved July 27, 2012. Hiaasen said by phone from his home in Vero Beach, Fla.
  37. ^ "Sandy Koufax's House in Vero Beach, FL". Virtual Globetrotting. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  38. ^ Potter, Jerry (December 7, 2006). "Fatherhood, golf keep Lendl busy". USA Today. Retrieved July 25, 2012. He lives with his family in Florida, splitting time between Vero Beach and Bradenton
  39. ^ "Senator Mayfield - The Florida Senate". flsenate.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  40. ^ via Associated Press. "F. James McDonald, Former G.M. President, Is Dead at 87", The New York Times, June 15, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
  41. ^ RIEMENSCHNEIDER, Chris (July 28, 2009). "Weather front: An interview with Alison Mosshart". Star Tribune. Retrieved July 27, 2012. having spent her childhood in Vero Beach, Fla., where she fronted an emo-ish punk band
  42. ^ Isenberg, Barbara (December 14, 2007). "Country music star comes home to Vero Beach". My Hometown News. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  43. ^ "Jake Owen biography". Great American Country. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  44. ^ American legacy: the story of John & Caroline Kennedy – Clemens David Heymann. Google Books. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  45. ^ Vero Beach Press Journal (August 13, 2005) Good for you. Section: Today on the Treasure Coast; Page E8.
  46. ^ Kaufman, Gil. "Jukebox". Priscilla Renea's Jukebox on the Link. MTV. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  47. ^ Yardley, William (July 12, 2012). "Norman Sas, Inventor of Electric Football, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  48. ^ Harris, Bill. "CANOE – JAM! Television – TV Shows – Survivor: 'Survivor' gal sexy & Shallow". Canoe.ca. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  49. ^ Roscoe Tanner, Ex-Tennis Star, Says He's Trying to Change New York Times, February 13, 2012.

External links[edit]