Vipava (river)

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Vipava Tabor Bruecke 15092007 42.jpg
The Vipava River in Vipava, flowing under the Tabor Bridge
Origin Gradiček (in Slovenia)
45°54′N 13°33′E / 45.900°N 13.550°E / 45.900; 13.550
Mouth The Soča (in Italy)
Basin countries Italy, Slovenia
Length 49 km (30 mi)[1]
Source elevation 110 m (360 ft)[1]
Mouth elevation 35 m (115 ft)[1]
Basin area 598 km2 (231 sq mi)[1]

The Vipava (in Slovene) or Vipacco (in Italian) or Wipbach / Wippach (in German) is a river that flows through western Slovenia and northeast Italy. The river is 49 kilometres (30 mi) in length.[1] After entering Italy it joins the Isonzo/Soča in the Municipality of Savogna d'Isonzo. This is a rare river with a delta source, formed by nine main springs.[2] The Battle of the Frigidus was fought near the river, which was named Frigidus ('cold') by the Romans. It has the pluvial-nival regime in its upper course and the pluvial regime in its lower course.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Reke, dolge nad 25 km, in njihova padavinska območja" [Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas] (in Slovene and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. 
  2. ^ Omejc, Alenka (2009). Humar, Janko, ed. "The Emerald Trail". RDO Smaragdna pot. COBISS 579912. 
  3. ^ Brečko Grubar,, Valentina; Kovačič, Gregor (2010). "Pokrajinskoekološka oznaka jadranskega povodja v Sloveniji s poudarkom na kakovosti vodnih virov" [Landscape Ecological Characterization of the Adriatic Sea Basin in Slovenia with an Emphasis on Water Resource Quality]. Annales. Series historia et sociologia (in Slovenian) 20 (1): 153–168. 

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Coordinates: 45°54′N 13°33′E / 45.900°N 13.550°E / 45.900; 13.550