||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Vushtrria. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2014.|
|Municipality and city|
Vushtrri City Park and Tomb (Turbe) of Karabash.
|District||District of Mitrovica|
|• Municipality and city||435 km2 (168 sq mi)|
|• Municipality and city||69,881 (municipality)|
|• Density||202.6/km2 (525/sq mi)|
|• Metro||30,000 City|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Vushtrri or Vučitrn (Albanian: Vushtrri or Vushtrria; Serbian: Вучитрн, Vučitrn, pronounced [ʋǔtʃitr̩ːn]; Turkish: Vıçıtırın) is a city and municipality in north-eastern Kosovo.[a] It is the seat of the Kosovska Mitrovica District. The name of the city, Vučitrn, means "wolf's thorn", the name of the spiny restharrow plant, in Serbian.
Although there is no official data, the total population of the municipality is estimated at 69,881.[when?] It is also the home of the Kosovo Centre for Public Safety Education and Development, formerly the Kosovo Police Service School, where Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) trained the new multiethnic police service following the departure of the Serbs in 1999. The staff at the training school were made up of serving and retired police officers from the member states of the OSCE.
Vučitrn was built in the Middle Ages on the ruins of Roman Vicianum (or Viciana, meaning "area of calves"), which itself had been built by the Romans after the Roman conquest in the first century BC. During Roman rule, Vicianum developed a considerable economy and a thriving culture. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Vicianum was held by Eastern Roman (Byzantine) rule. After the Great Schism of the Church in 1054, present-day Kosovo remained Eastern Christian (Orthodox).
During the Middle Ages, Serbs built the fortified town of Vučitrn. According to Serbian epic poetry, it was built by the Vojinović noble family. In the early 15th century, it was the seat of the Branković dynasty (Serbian Despotate). The only remains of the medieval city is the Vojinovića Tower and the Vojinovića Bridge. Throughout the Serbian Middle Ages, the city was a centre of business with the Republic of Ragusa.
In the 14th century the Ottoman Empire had began to expand into the Balkans. The establishment of Ottoman administration in Vučitrn began with the very important sanjak (administrative unit), the Sanjak of Vučitrn. Ottoman defters initially recorded a majority Christian population and only 47 Muslim households, though the later high concentration of Ottoman soldiers and administrators saw the spread of Islam to the region and the construction of mosques, inns, madrassas and hamams (public baths). The city was one of the largest ones in the Balkans until the 18th century.
1912 saw an end to centuries long Ottoman rule as a result of the First Balkan War. Vushtrri and the entire surrounding area was occupied by the Kingdom of Serbia during the First Balkan War, and the city annexed in 1913 as part of the Treaty of London. In 1915, during World War I, Vushtrri was occupied by Austria-Hungary. Following the war, Serbia retook control of Vushtrri in 1918 and joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
In March 1989, Serbian Communist authorities abolished the Constitution of 1974, restoring Kosovo's status as after the 1971 amendments of the 1963 constitution. It was a move widely seen to disenfranchise the local ethnic Albanian authorities in the region, eventually leading to an armed uprising organized by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), and the intervention by NATO forces in March–June 1999. NATO forces entered Vushtrri on 16 June 1999.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|Current figure, est.||98,000||95.4||4,137||4.0||125||1.2||400||3.9||102,662|
|Ref: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (PDF/ HTML)[dead link]|
- Mara Branković (1401-1487), Serbian princess
- Hasan Prishtina (1873-1933), Albanian nationalist and brief Albanian Prime Minister in December 1921
- Gligorije Elezović (1879-1960), Serbian historian
- Abdurrahman Shala (1922-1994), Albanian Yugoslav actor
- Snežana Mišković, known as Viktorija (born 1958), Serbian rock artist
- Jorgovanka Tabaković (born 1960), Governor of the National Bank of Serbia
- Shefki Kuqi, Finnish Kosovar Albanian footballer
- Samir Ujkani, Kosovar Albanian footballer for Kosovo and Palermo
- Armend Dallku, footballer
- Ahmed Januzi, footballer
- Sami Hoti, footballer[importance?]
- Rahim Ademi, Croatian general
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
Largest cities or towns of Republic of Kosovo
Estimation of Kosovo Population 2012
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