Warri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Warri
City
Warri Port
Warri Port
Nickname(s): 
Waffi, Waff, Waff Town
Warri is located in Nigeria
Warri
Warri
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 5°31′N 5°45′E / 5.517°N 5.750°E / 5.517; 5.750Coordinates: 5°31′N 5°45′E / 5.517°N 5.750°E / 5.517; 5.750
CountryNigeria
StateDelta State
Local Government AreaWarri South LGA
Government
 • Executive GovernorIfeanyi Okowa
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Urban
363,382
 • Urban density31,371.8/sq mi (12,112.73/km2)
 • Metro
1,043,122
 • Metro density13,508.4/sq mi (5,215.61/km2)
Demographics
 • EthnicitiesUrhobo, Itsekiri, Ijaw
 • LanguagesPidgin English, Urhobo, Itsekiri, and Ijaw
 • Religions95% Christianity, 3% African Traditions, 2% Islam

The city of Warri is an oil hub within South-South Nigeria and houses an annex of the Delta State Government House. Warri City is one of the major hubs of the petroleum industry in Nigeria. Warri and her twin city, Uvwie are the commercial capital of Delta State with a population of over 311,970 people in 2006.[2] The city is the indigenous territory of Urhobo, itsekiri and Ijaw people.

Warri shares boundaries with Uvwie to the east, Udu to the south east, Ogbe-ijoh to the south, and other communities in Warri South LGA to the west.[3] Due to its rapid population growth and linked roads, the city and its border towns eg Uvwie, Udu merged into a conurbation collectively referred as “Warri”

Warri sits on the bank of Warri River which joined Forcados River and Escravos River through Jones Creek in the lower Niger Delta Region. The city has a modern seaport which serves as the cargo transit point between the Niger River and the Atlantic Ocean for import and export.

Warri served as the capital of the colonial Warri Province during the early 1900s when this part of Delta State was under the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria.[4][5]

Warri City is native to four monarchs, namely;

• The Olu of Warri (itsekiri)[6][7]

• The Ovie of Agbarha-Ame (Urhobo)[8]

• The Orosuen of Okere-Urhobo (Urhobo)[9]

• The Pere of Ogbe-ijaw (Ijaw)

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The name ‘WARRI’ was first associated with the Itsekiri ancestral capital town of Ode Itsekiri which the locals also refer to as ‘Iwerre’. A mispronunciation of Iwerre by several European explorers probably resulted in various names like AWERRI, OUWERI, WARRE, WARREE, etc. The British eventually anglancised it as WARRI[10]

British Advent pre Warri City[edit]

British colonialism effectively took off in the Western Niger Delta with the proclamation of the Oil Coast Protectorate by Great Britain in June 1885. British colonial administration was carried out through local chiefs like Nana Olomu of Ebrohimi in Benin River. This administration was effectively restricted to Benin River and its environs as the British were content with conducting trade with the people of the hinterlands through the Itsekiri as middlemen[11]

Creation of Warri City[edit]

The British decided to move the seat of the administration of the Niger Coast Protectorate from the capital Ode-Itsekiri (Warri or Iwerre) to the uplands to have effective control of the hinterlands. In order to achieve this, the British in 1906 took a lease of a new trading station opened in 1898 on virgin lands for Alexander Miller Brothers Limited of Liverpool at the mouth of the Okere Creeks. This new trading station was also named WARRI after the capital Ode-Itsekiri so the Itsekiris dubbed Ode-Itsekiri BIG WARRI in order to differentiate Ode-Itsekiri from the new trading station.[12]

Demographic[edit]

Its inhabitants are predominantly Christians of different denominations, and some practice a mixture of African traditional religions like most of Southern Nigeria. The city is known nationwide for its unique Pidgin.[13]

Climate[edit]

The region experiences moderate rainfall and moderate humidity for the most part of the year. The cl imate is monsoonal and is marked by two distinct seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The dry season lasts from about November to April and is significantly marked by the cool "harmattan" dusty haze from the north-east winds. The rainy season spans May to October with a brief dy spell in August, but it frequently rains even in the dry season. The area is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate with a mean annual temperature of 32.8 °C (91.0 °F) and an annual rainfall amount of 2,770 mm (109 in). There are high temperatures of 28 °C (82 °F) and 32 °C (90 °F). The surrounding region is predominantly rainforest, tending to swamplands in some areas. The vegetation is rich in timber trees, palm trees, as well as fruit trees.

Climate data for Warri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
32.2
(90.0)
31.5
(88.7)
30.0
(86.0)
28.4
(83.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86.0)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
27.5
(81.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.0
(82.4)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.5
(77.9)
26.3
(79.3)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.6
(72.7)
21.0
(69.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
22.2
(72.0)
22.6
(72.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
58
(2.3)
127
(5.0)
201
(7.9)
270
(10.6)
367
(14.4)
474
(18.7)
324
(12.8)
457
(18.0)
325
(12.8)
104
(4.1)
31
(1.2)
2,768
(109.0)
Source: Climate-Data.Org[14]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

There is the Warri Refinery and Petrochemicals located at Ekpan, Uvwie[15] with the majority of international and local oil companies operating in Nigeria having their operational offices close by. One of the nation's major seaports is sited within Ugbuwangue, Warri.

Due to conflict in the late 90s, especially in 1999, most oil companies fled the town and nearby regions[citation needed].

Security[edit]

Warri is garrisoned by the Amphibious Infantry battalion (Effurun Army Base) located in Effurun, a twin city to Warri and is administratively under the Brigade HQ[16] in Port Harcourt.

The Nigerian Navy operates from its facilities in Warri.

The 61 Nigerian Air force Detachment also operates from its facilities in Jeddo, close to Warri.

Sports[edit]

Warri has an international stadium with a capacity of 30,000 which is the home of Warri Wolves football club,[17][18] which has hosted two editions of the African Women Football Championship in 2002 and 2006 respectively and was in contention as one of the venues to be used for the FIFA Under-17 World Cup in Nigeria in 2009. The stadium was used to host the African Youth Athletics Championship (AYAC) in 2013.

Warri Wolves, a professional football team based in Warri plays in the Nigeria National League.[19] Their prominent former players include Best Ogedegbe, Wilson Oruma, Efe Ambrose, Victor Ikpeba and Ekigho Ehiosun.

Manufacturing and raw materials[edit]

The economic base of the city lies in the presence of a refinery and other oil and gas companies. Also, there is the steel company, Delta Steel Company,[20] which is located in OvwianAladja area of Udu.[21] The Beta Glass Plant is located nearby, outside the town of Ughelli, where the land is rich in silica and silicates, raw materials required for the manufacture of glass, ceramics and cement. The Transcorp Power Distribution, one of Nigeria's power generating stations, is also located at Ughelli, which is just 15 minutes away by car.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

In 1991, construction started on a standard gauge railway from the steel mills at Ajaokuta to the port of Warri, about 275 km away. By 2006, the standard gauge lines had reached 329 km in length, but the final 27 km Warri section is still incomplete. In 2010, work recommenced to complete that final section to Warri. The rail line was officially inaugurated in September 2020.

Road[edit]

Major road networks within Warri Metropolis has been improved upon by the state government to improve the image of the city. Transportation within the city is mainly by bus and tricycle. The federal government has completed the Warri-Benin Road road expansion project and major parts of the East-West Road Project which will connect Warri-Uyo.

Air[edit]

There are several helipads in oil company yards, like Shell yard Ogunu and in Escavos and Focados.

Sea[edit]

Movement of goods by sea is through the Nigerian Ports Authority (Delta Ports) at which is mainly for export and import of goods by major companies. Also located on the main Warri riverside are markets and jetties used by local traders, which act as a transit point for local transport and trade. There are local boats that are used for moving from one location to another.

Educational institutions[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Primary schools in Warri are:

  • Nana Primary School, Warri
  • Mowoe Primary School, Warri
  • Ojojo Primary School, Warri
  • Ogiame Primary School, Warri
  • Ikengbuwa Primary School, Warri
  • Cavagina Primary School, Warri
  • Twin Fountain Group of Schools
  • HillTop
  • International Unity School (IUS)
  • NNPC Staff Primary School
  • SNAPS
  • Alderstown School for the Deaf
  • Kids Compute Academy
  • Edjeba Estate School, Edjeba, Warri
  • Lakeland School, Ogunu, Warri

Secondary schools[edit]

Secondary schools are also in numbers in the city of Warri. These include:

Higher institutions[edit]

There are various tertiary institutions within and outside the city, the following are the institutions situated in the city of Warri

  • College of Education at Edjeba, Warri[22]
  • The Delta State Nursing School, Ogunu, Warri[23]
  • Eagle Heights University, Omadino, Warri[24]

Tourism[edit]

There are various tourist sites to visit while in Warri:[25]

Religion[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable Nigerian ministers from Warri include Ayo Oritsejafor and Jeremiah Omoto Fufeyin.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nigeria: States & Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information".
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Uvwie · Nigeria". Uvwie · Nigeria. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  4. ^ Okoh, Oghenetoja (July 2016). "WHO CONTROLS WARRI? HOW ETHNICITY BECAME VOLATILE IN THE WESTERN NIGER DELTA (1928–52)*". The Journal of African History. 57 (2): 209–230. doi:10.1017/S0021853716000074. ISSN 0021-8537. S2CID 163543228.
  5. ^ "Warri, Nigeria – International Cities of Peace". 7 April 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  6. ^ https://amp.scmp.com/news/world/africa/article/3145919/thousands-attend-coronation-new-king-nigerias-oil-hub-warri
  7. ^ https://amp.cnn.com/cnn/2021/08/23/africa/olu-of-warri-coronation-intl/index.html
  8. ^ "Delta CP lauds Agbarha monarch on peace, Edion Hall". Vanguard News. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  9. ^ Omonigho, Matthew (5 January 2021). "Delta: Commercial activities shutdown as Okere-Urhobo receives staff of office".
  10. ^ Ryder, A. F. C. “MISSIONARY ACTIVITY IN THE KINGDOM OF WARRI TO THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY.” Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 1, 1960, pp. 1–26. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41970817. Accessed 13 Jan. 2023.
  11. ^ Lloyd, P. C. “The Itsekiri in the Nineteenth Century; An Outline Social History.” The Journal of African History, vol. 4, no. 2, 1963, pp. 207–31. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/179535. Accessed 13 Jan. 2023.
  12. ^ Jones, G. I. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, vol. 43, no. 1, 1973, pp. 78–80. JSTOR, https://doi.org/10.2307/1158548. Accessed 13 Jan. 2023.
  13. ^ Ikeke, Nkem (12 March 2017). "8 cities in Nigeria where people cannot do without speaking Pidgin English". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Climate: Warri". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Warri Refinery's host communities threaten chaos over sack of back-up staff". 8 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Home page". Nigerian Army | Official Website. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  17. ^ Warri Wolves F.C.
  18. ^ Warri Township Stadium
  19. ^ IV, Editorial (5 January 2022). "NNL: Warri Wolves return from break Monday". Blueprint Newspapers Limited. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  20. ^ "How Nigerian government, Indians wreck multi-billion dollar Delta Steel Company, rip off host communities and tax payers". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 12 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  21. ^ "20 years after collapse, steel company resumes operations". Vanguard (Nigeria). 5 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Contact Us – College of Education, Warri". Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  23. ^ "Delta State Schools of Nursing Admission Form 2020/2021". www.myschoolgist.com. 26 February 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  24. ^ "How Oritsejafor Will Bankroll N2.5 billion Eagle Height University | Encomium Magazine". 16 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  25. ^ "hotel and tourism development potentials in delta state". goodie ibru. 2 June 2001. Retrieved 11 January 2008.
  26. ^ "Opening hours: Falcorp Mangrove Park - Warri Zoo and Nature Park". opening-hours.com.ng. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Warri Township Stadium - Football Stadium". Football-Lineups. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Shell Ogunu Golf Club | All Square Golf". www.allsquaregolf.com. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  29. ^ "...Fufeyin foresees manipulation of 2019 polls". Vanguard News. 6 January 2019. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  30. ^ Nigeria, Media (11 June 2018). "Biography Of Charity Ogbenyealu Adule". Media Nigeria. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  31. ^ The PFA footballers' who's who 2010-11. Barry J. Hugman. Edinburgh: Mainstream. 2010. ISBN 978-1-84596-601-0. OCLC 619938382.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  32. ^ "PressReader.com - Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  33. ^ "Wedding Bells: Rapper Erigga Is Getting Married To His Long Time Girlfriend". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  34. ^ "Check out former CAN president's security detail [VIDEO]". Pulse Nigeria. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2021.